Wellington City Council

Wellington City Council is a territorial authority in New Zealand, governing the country's capital city Wellington, and de facto second-largest city (if the commonly considered parts of Wellington, the Upper Hutt, Porirua, Lower Hutt and often the Kapiti Coast, are taken into account; these, however have independent councils rather than a supercity governance like Auckland, and so Wellington City is legally only third-largest city by population, behind Auckland and Christchurch). It consists of the central historic town and certain additional areas within the Wellington metropolitan area, extending as far north as Linden and covering rural areas such as Mākara and Ohariu. The city adjoins Porirua in the north and Hutt City in the north-east. It is one of nine territorial authorities in the Wellington Region.

Wellington City Council
Coat of arms or logo
Logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Deputy Mayor
Sarah Free
Structure
Seats15[a]
New Zealand Wellington City Council 2019.svg
Political groups
  •   Labour (3)
  •   Green (3)
  •   Wellington Party (1)
  •   Independent (8)
Elections
STV
Last election
12 October 2019
Next election
8 October 2022
Meeting place
Ngake, Level 16, 113 The Terrace, Wellington[1]
Website
wellington.govt.nz/
Footnotes
  1. ^ Includes Mayor
Satellite photo of central Wellington (south at bottom left)

Wellington attained city status in 1886. The settlement had become the colonial capital and seat of government by 1865, replacing Auckland. Parliament officially sat in Wellington for the first time on 26 July 1865. During the last half of the nineteenth century, Wellington grew rapidly from 7,460 residents in 1867 to 49,344 by the end of the century.[2]

The council represents a population of 217,000 as of June 2021[3] and consists of a mayor and fourteen councillors elected from five wards (Northern, Onslow-Western, Lambton, Eastern, Southern).[n 1][4] It administers public works, sanitation, land use and building consents, among other local services. The council has used the marketing slogan "Absolutely Positively Wellington" in an official capacity since the early 1990s.[5]

Council and committeesEdit

The Mayor and all Councillors are members of Council. Following a review in 2021 by former Local Government New Zealand chief executive Peter Winder, the Council adopted a new committee structure.[6] All committees apart from Te Kaunihera o Pōneke Council and Ngutu Taki CEO Performance Review Committee include two mana whenua representatives, who are paid and have voting rights.[7]

Committees and subcommittees of the Wellington City Council
Committee Chair Deputy Chair Membership
Te Kaunihera o Pōneke Mayor Andy Foster Deputy Mayor Sarah Free Mayor and all councillors
Pūroro Tahua Finance and Performance Committee Cr Diane Calvert Cr Laurie Foon Mayor and all councillors and two mana whenua representatives
Kāwai Māhirahira Audit and Risk Subcommittee Independent appointment Cr Jenny Condie Cr Rush, Cr Paul, Cr Pannett, Linda Rieper, Roy Tiffin, and two mana whenua representatives
Pūroro Āmua Planning and Environment Committee Cr Iona Pannett Cr Tamatha Paul Mayor and all councillors and two mana whenua representatives
Pūroro Waihanga Infrastructure Committee Cr Sean Rush Cr Jenny Condie Mayor and all councillors and two mana whenua representatives
Pūroro Rangaranga Social, Cultural and Economic Committee Cr Jill Day Cr Nicola Young Mayor and all councillors and two mana whenua representatives
Kāwai Whakatipu Grants Subcommittee Cr Fleur Fitzsimons Cr Teri O'Neill Cr Day, Cr Foon, Cr Matthews, Cr Young and two mana whenua representatives
Pūroro Maherehere Annual Plan/Long-term Plan Committee Cr Rebecca Matthews Mayor Andy Foster Mayor and all councillors and two mana whenua representatives
Pūroro Hātepe Regulatory Processes Committee Vacant Cr Simon Woolf Deputy Mayor Free, Cr O’Neill, Cr Condie, Cr Matthews and two mana whenua representatives
Ngutu Taki CEO Performance Review Committee Mayor Andy Foster Deputy Mayor Sarah Free Cr Calvert, Cr Pannett, Cr Rush and Cr Day

Wellington's local electoral wards were given Māori names in 2018, after consultation with mana whenua.[8]

MayorEdit

One mayor is elected at large from the entire Wellington City district.

Name Affiliation (if any) First elected Responsibilities
Andy Foster Independent 2019 (as mayor), 1992 (as councillor)
  • Chair, Te Kaunihera o Pōneke Council
  • Chair, Ngutu Taki CEO Performance Review Committee
  • Deputy Chair, Pūroro Maherehere Annual Plan/Long-term Plan Committee
  • Ex-officio member of all committees and subcommittees

Motukairangi Eastern WardEdit

Motukairangi Eastern Ward returns three councillors to the Wellington City Council.

Name Affiliation (if any) First elected Responsibilities
Sarah Free Greens 2013
  • Deputy Mayor
  • Deputy Chair, Council
  • Deputy Chair, Ngutu Taki CEO Performance Review Committee
  • Member, Pūroro Hātepe Regulatory Processes Committee
Teri O'Neill Labour 2019
  • Deputy Chair, Kāwai Whakatipu Grants Subcommittee
  • Member, Pūroro Hātepe Regulatory Processes Committee
Sean Rush The Wellington Party 2019
  • Chair, Pūroro Waihanga Infrastructure Committee
  • Member, Ngutu Taki CEO Performance Review Committee
  • Member, Kāwai Māhirahira Audit and Risk Subcommittee

Pukehīnau Lambton WardEdit

Pukehīnau Lambton Ward returns three councillors to the Wellington City Council.

Name Affiliation (if any) First elected Responsibilities
Iona Pannett Greens 2007
  • Chair, Pūroro Āmua Planning and Environment Committee
  • Member, Ngutu Taki CEO Performance Review Committee
  • Member, Kāwai Māhirahira Audit and Risk Subcommittee
Nicola Young Independent 2013
  • Deputy Chair, Pūroro Rangaranga Social, Cultural and Economic Committee
  • Member, Kāwai Whakatipu Grants Subcommittee
Tamatha Paul Independent 2019
  • Deputy Chair, Pūroro Āmua Planning and Environment Committee
  • Member, Kāwai Māhirahira Audit and Risk Subcommittee

Takapū Northern WardEdit

Takapū Northern Ward returns three councillors to the Wellington City Council.

Name Affiliation (if any) First elected Responsibilities
Jill Day[9] Independent 2016
  • Chair, Pūroro Rangaranga Social, Cultural and Economic Committee
  • Member, Ngutu Taki CEO Performance Review Committee
  • Member, Kāwai Whakatipu Grants Subcommittee
Jenny Condie Independent 2019
  • Deputy Chair, Pūroro Waihanga Infrastructure Committee
  • Deputy Chair, Kāwai Māhirahira Audit and Risk Subcommittee
  • Member, Pūroro Hātepe Regulatory Processes Committee

Malcolm Sparrow was first elected as a councillor for Takapū Northern Ward in 2013, and served as an independent until his retirement for health reasons in October 2021.[10] At the time of his retirement, he was the chair of Pūroro Hātepe Regulatory Processes Committee.

Wharangi Onslow-Western WardEdit

Wharangi Onslow-Western Ward returns three councillors to the Wellington City Council.

Name Affiliation (if any) First elected Responsibilities
Diane Calvert Independent 2016
  • Chair, Pūroro Tahua Finance and Performance Committee
  • Member, Ngutu Taki CEO Performance Review Committee
Simon Woolf Independent 2013
  • Deputy Chair, Pūroro Hātepe Regulatory Processes Committee
Rebecca Matthews Labour 2019
  • Chair, Pūroro Maherehere Annual Plan/Long-term Plan Committee
  • Member, Pūroro Hātepe Regulatory Processes Committee
  • Member, Kāwai Whakatipu Grants Subcommittee

Paekawakawa Southern WardEdit

Paekawakawa Southern Ward is the only ward that returns two councillors to the Wellington City Council (all others returning three).

Name Affiliation (if any) First elected Responsibilities
Fleur Fitzsimons Labour 2017
  • Chair, Kāwai Whakatipu Grants Subcommittee
Laurie Foon Greens 2019
  • Deputy Chair, Pūroro Tahua Finance and Performance Committee
  • Member, Kāwai Whakatipu Grants Subcommittee

Mana whenua representativesEdit

In April 2021, the Council agreed to appoint paid representatives of the two mana whenua iwi of Wellington, with voting rights on all Council committees and subcommittees. Former Deputy Mayor of Porirua Liz Kelly was appointed as the representative of Ngāti Toa Rangatira in July of that year.[11]

Community BoardsEdit

The Council has created two local community boards under the provisions of Part 4 of the Local Government Act 2002,[12] with members elected using a single transferable vote (STV) system[13] or appointed by the Council.

These are:

Coat of armsEdit

Coat of arms of Wellington City Council
 
Notes
The City of Wellington has a Coat of Arms. The blazon is:[18]
Crest
On a Mural Crown Argent a Dolphin Naiant Azure, Mantled Gules.
Escutcheon
Quarterly Gules and Azure, a Cross Or between; In the first quarter a Fleece Or; in the second quarter on Water barry wavy proper in base a Lymphad sail furled pennon and flags flying Argent; in the third quarter a Garb Or; in the fourth quarter five Plates in Saltire Argent.
Supporters
On the dexter side a Lion gorged with a Collar and Chain reflexed over the back Or, and on the sinister side a Moa proper.
Motto
Suprema a Situ (Supreme by position)
Symbolism
The shield is divided vertically and horizontally, quarter of which the first and fourth are red and the remaining pair are blue. A golden cross is placed over the entire shield centrally between these quarters. The top left quarter contains a golden fleece (usually depicted as a whole sheep with a band around its middle). The second quarter is depicted as a silver sailing ship (lymphad) with its sails furled as it would be in port but with its flags flying, placed on waves in their natural colour. The third quarter contains a golden wheat sheaf, and the fourth has five silver discs arranged in a saltire.

The mural crown (a crown depicted as if made of stonewalling) is common as a crest in city coats of arms. It is coloured silver, and from its top comes a swimming dolphin. Around the crest is mantling in red. The supporters on either side of the shield are a golden heraldic lion with a chained collar around its neck to the left, and a moa in its natural colouring on the right (the terms "sinister" and "dexter" relate to the shield from the holder's point of view, not the viewer's, thus dexter is the viewer's left and sinister is the viewer's right). The base on which the supporters stand is normally not emblazoned but is left to the artist to decide. The Motto may be translated as "Supreme by position".

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
2006179,466—    
2013190,956+0.89%
2018202,737+1.20%
Source: [19]

Wellington City had a population of 202,737 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 11,781 people (6.2%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 23,271 people (13.0%) since the 2006 census. There were 74,841 households. There were 98,823 males and 103,911 females, giving a sex ratio of 0.95 males per female. The median age was 34.1 years (compared with 37.4 years nationally), with 32,856 people (16.2%) aged under 15 years, 54,999 (27.1%) aged 15 to 29, 93,669 (46.2%) aged 30 to 64, and 21,213 (10.5%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 74.1% European/Pākehā, 8.6% Māori, 5.1% Pacific peoples, 18.3% Asian, and 4.5% other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities).

The proportion of people born overseas was 33.4%, compared with 27.1% nationally.

Although some people objected to giving their religion, 53.2% had no religion, 31.4% were Christian, 3.7% were Hindu, 1.6% were Muslim, 1.7% were Buddhist and 3.3% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 74,922 (44.1%) people had a bachelor or higher degree, and 12,690 (7.5%) people had no formal qualifications. The median income was $41,800, compared with $31,800 nationally. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 96,453 (56.8%) people were employed full-time, 24,738 (14.6%) were part-time, and 7,719 (4.5%) were unemployed.[19]

Individual wards
Name Population Households Median age Median income
Takapū Northern Ward 47,796 16,467 35.9 years $41,500
Wharangi Onslow-Western Ward 43,176 15,750 38.6 years $51,800
Pukehīnau Lambton Ward 46,140 18,204 28.4 years $37,500
Motukairangi Eastern Ward 37,965 14,199 37 years $41,100
Paekawakawa Southern Ward 27,654 10,221 34 years $38,700
New Zealand 37.4 years $31,800

SuburbsEdit

Wellington city has 57 officially defined suburbs; one can group them by the wards used to elect the City Council. Some areas, while officially forming part of a larger suburb (or several suburbs), are considered by some to be separate communities. The officially defined suburbs include:

 
Official suburbs of Wellington: the darker tone indicate built-up areas, the lighter parkland, green belt or rural areas.

Takapū Northern WardEdit

Wharangi Onslow-Western WardEdit

Pukehīnau Lambton WardEdit

Within Lambton Ward, the Council's tourism agency has designated three inner-city "quarters", as marketing subdivisions to promote international and domestic tourism. They are:

Paekawakawa Southern WardEdit

Motukairangi Eastern WardEdit

Council-owned companies and enterprisesEdit

The Wellington City Council owns or directly operates several companies.

The Council is a part-owner of Wellington Airport, and has two representatives on the airport's board. Mayor Andy Foster has been a member of the board since 2016, but has been criticised for poor attendance at board meetings.[20]

The seven council-controlled organisations (CCOs) are[21]

The Council has a similar interest in the Wellington Regional Stadium Trust.

Sister-city relationshipsEdit

 
The ceremonial mace of Wellington City Council, gifted to the city by Harrogate in 1954[22]
Sister cities[23]
Historical sister cities[25]
Friendly cities[26]

HistoryEdit

The City of Wellington has subsumed independent boroughs including:

BuildingsEdit

 
Wellington Town Hall, incorporating the Mayor's Office and Council Chambers

The Wellington City Council owns and until May 2019 operated from a complex on Wakefield Street, with various extensions each representing a distinctive architectural period. The complex incorporates the Wellington Town Hall which opened in 1904, with the most recent extension completed in 1991 alongside the Wellington Central Library.

The Wakefield Street complex has been cleared of back office functions, and since 28 May 2019 will be closed completely for repairs and earthquake strengthening. In the interim, most of the council's central office staff are located in commercial premises at 113 The Terrace, and the council's public service centre is at 12 Manners Street. Due to repairs also being needed to the Wellington Central Library, and Capital E, all of the civic buildings on Civic Square are closed, except for the City Gallery.

Use of pseudoscienceEdit

In December 2019, at the New Zealand Skeptics annual conference, the Wellington City Council and the Downer Group were co-awarded the Bent Spoon by NZ Skeptics for "showing the most egregious gullibility in 2019" for the contractor's use of water divining to find underground pipes.[27]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Footnotes
  1. ^ Multiple councillors are elected to a ward using the single transferable vote (STV) system
Citations
  1. ^ Wellington City Council (22 April 2021). "Speaking at meetings". Wellington City Council. Retrieved 13 August 2021.
  2. ^ "Wellington region. Page 8 – From town to city: 1865–1899". TeAra.govt.nz. Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 15 November 2016.
  3. ^ "Subnational population estimates (RC, SA2), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996-2021 (2021 boundaries)". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 22 October 2021. (regional councils); "Subnational population estimates (TA, SA2), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996-2021 (2021 boundaries)". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 22 October 2021. (territorial authorities); "Subnational population estimates (urban rural), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996-2021 (2021 boundaries)". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 22 October 2021. (urban areas)
  4. ^ "Overview – Elections 2010 – Wellington City Council". Retrieved 10 August 2010.
  5. ^ Maclean, Chris (14 November 2012). "Branding Wellington". TeAra.govt.nz. Te Ara: The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
  6. ^ Wellington City Council. "Council's new committee structure agreed". Wellington City Council. Retrieved 13 August 2021.
  7. ^ Wellington City Council (29 April 2021). "Council votes to include mana whenua at the meeting table". Wellington City Council. Retrieved 13 August 2021.
  8. ^ Wellington City Council (13 June 2018). "Bilingual naming of Wellington City Council wards". Wellington City Council. Retrieved 13 August 2021.
  9. ^ "Wellington City Council welcomes first female Maori councillor". 19 October 2016. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  10. ^ Campbell, Georgina. "Wellington city councillor Malcolm Sparrow resigns after health scare". The New Zealand Herald. New Zealand Media and Entertainment. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  11. ^ "Liz Kelly to represent Ngāti Toa". Wellington City Council. 1 July 2021. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  12. ^ "Local Government Act 2002 No 84 (as at 01 July 2017)". www.legislation.govt.nz. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  13. ^ "Electoral Systems". Wellington City Council. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  14. ^ "Tawa Community Board". Wellington City Council. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  15. ^ "Ward maps and boundaries". Wellington City Council. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  16. ^ "Mākara/Ōhāriu Community Board". Wellington City Council. Retrieved 24 January 2022.
  17. ^ "Ward maps and boundaries". Wellington City Council. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
  18. ^ "Coats of Arms - Local". Te Ara - The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 7 February 2022.
  19. ^ a b "Statistical area 1 dataset for 2018 Census". Statistics New Zealand. March 2020. Wellington City (047). 2018 Census place summary: Wellington City
  20. ^ Campbell, Georgina. "Report reveals Wellington Mayor Andy Foster's poor airport board meeting attendance". The New Zealand Herald. New Zealand Media and Entertainment. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  21. ^ Wellington City Council. "Te Pūrongo ā-Tau Annual Report 2019-2020" (PDF). Wellington City Council. p. 105. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  22. ^ "Harrogate, England". wellington.govt.nz. Wellington City Council. 7 April 2022. Retrieved 24 September 2022.
  23. ^ "Sister Cities – Overview". Wellington City Council. Retrieved 19 November 2014.
  24. ^ "Canberra and Wellington Strengthen Ties". ACT Government. Retrieved 6 July 2016.
  25. ^ "Historical Sister Cities". Wellington City Council. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
  26. ^ "Friendly cities". Wellington City Council. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
  27. ^ "Wellington City Council wins Skeptics award after contractor divines for water". December 2019.
  • A Complete Guide To Heraldry by A.C. Fox-Davies 1909.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 41°17′44″S 174°46′50″E / 41.29556°S 174.78056°E / -41.29556; 174.78056