Ministry of Justice (Pasundan)

The Ministry of Justice was a government ministry of the State of Pasundan. The ministry was responsible for the justice system, penitentiary system, publishing of government gazette, dactyloscopy, and beachcombing in the State of Pasundan.

Ministry of Justice
Kementerian Kehakiman
Coat of arms of the State of Pasundan.svg
Agency overview
Formed8 May 1948 (1948-05-08)
Dissolved23 January 1950
HeadquartersDENIS Bank Building, Braga Street 14, Bandung (now the office of the Bank of West Java)
Employees61 (1949)[1]
Annual budgetƒ 1,090,150 (1948)[2]
Minister responsible
  • Suparman (first)
    Barnas Wiratanuningrat (last)
Agency executive
  • Soenarija Koesoemah, Secretary General

Transfer of powerEdit

After the establishment of the Adil Cabinet on 8 May 1948, prime minister Adil Puradiredja appointed Suparman as the Minister of Home Affairs. The formation of the ministry was done one month later, on 11 June 1948, after the handover of the authority from the Recomba (government commissioner for administrative affairs) to the Minister of Justice. The instrument of transfer for this purpose was the Staatsblaad (State Gazette) 1948 No. 116.[3]

The authority of the court system in Pasundan is reserved for the Supreme Court of the United States of Indonesia, while the authority of the prison system was run by the Ministry of Justice and the federal government. The minimum security prison in Bandung, Sumedang, Garut, Tasikmalaya, Ciamis, Bogor, Sukabumi, Cirebon (except for the federal prison), and Majalengka were held by the Ministry of Justice, while the maximum security prison, the federal prison in Ciamis, the Sukamiskin and Kuningan Prison, were held by the federal government. The authority for the registration of prison sentences of more than one year and prison statistics, were also done by the federal government.[4][5]

Due to the larger authorities held by the federal government, the Pasundan government was powerless to hinder the wide-scale political arrests of members of its Indonesian population by the Dutch; it could no nothing to succor them once they were arrested.[5]

DutiesEdit

According to the Staatsblaad (State Gazette) 1948 No. 232, dated 23 September 1948, the duties of the Recomba that were handed over to the Ministry of Justice covered the following:[6]

  • orphanages, real estates, notary, and civil status
  • penitentiary system
  • statistics, justice administration, and the handling of prisoners
  • recognition of associations and compliance with the articles of association of public limited liability companies
  • name adoption and change
  • civil, commercial and criminal law, and all government interference related to it and to the judiciary in general
  • beachcombing
  • witnessing of legalization
  • dactyloscopy
  • nurturing of minors placed under the supervision of the state
  • rehabilitation of prisoners
  • legal advice for governmental bodies
  • land acquisition for the interests of the state

By the Decree of the Wali Negara No. 117 and 118 dated 25 November 1948, the Ministry of Justice was handed with the publishing of government gazettes. The first gazette, the Berita Negara Pasundan (Pasundan State News), covers the announcement of laws, state regulations, etc. The second gazette, the Warta Resmi Pasundan (Pasundan Official Gazette), covers the announcement of decrees, official appointments by the state, and official announcements.[7]

BuildingEdit

After the formation of the ministry, the ministry was given two rooms (later eight rooms) at the Gedung Sate (Satay Building) in Bandung. On 1 May 1949, due to lack of space in the Satay Building, the ministry moved into the third floor at the DENIS Bank Building, located at the Braga Street No. 14.[1]

MinistersEdit

No Portrait Name Took office Left office Cabinet R
1   Suparman 8 May 1948 14 October 1948 Adil [a][8]
  Tan Hwat Tiang 18 October 1948 10 January 1949
2   Oto Koesoemasoebrata 10 January 1949 31 January 1949 Djumhana I [9]
3   Soedibjo Dwidjosewojo 31 January 1949 18 July 1949 Djumhana II [9]
4 Abdurachim Kartadjumena 18 July 1949 11 January 1950 Djumhana III [10]
5 Barnas Wiratanuningrat 11 January 1950 23 January 1950 Anwar [11]

BibliographyEdit

  • Government of Pasundan (1949), Satu Tahun Berdirinja Negara Pasundan, Bandung
  • Kahin, George McTurnan (1952), Nationalism and Revolution in Indonesia, Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Government of Pasundan 1949, p. 18
  2. ^ Government of Pasundan 1949, p. 16
  3. ^ Government of Pasundan 1949, p. 15
  4. ^ Government of Pasundan 1949, pp. 16–17
  5. ^ a b Kahin 1952, p. 371
  6. ^ Government of Pasundan 1949, pp. 15–16
  7. ^ Government of Pasundan 1949, p. 17
  8. ^ Government of Pasundan 1949, pp. 18–19
  9. ^ a b Government of Pasundan 1949, p. 19
  10. ^ "HET NIEUWE KABINET VAN PASOENDAN". De locomotief : Samarangsch handels- en advertentie-blad. Bandung. 22 July 1949.
  11. ^ "Nieuw kabinet van Pasoendan". De vrije pers : ochtendbulletin. Bandung. 10 January 1950.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Suparman died in office on 14 October 1948.