Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Belarus)

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Belarus (Belarusian: Міністэрства замежных спраў Рэспублікі Беларусь, BGN/PCGN: Ministerstva zamyezhnykh spraw Respubliki Byelarus’; Russian: Министерство иностранных дел Республики Беларусь, BGN/PCGN: Ministerstvo inostrannykh del Respubliki Belarus’) is the Belarusian government ministry which oversees the foreign relations of Belarus.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Belarus
Міністэрства замежных спраў Рэспублікі Беларусь
Ministerstva zamezhnykh spraw Respubliki Belarus
Emblem of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Belarus.svg
Emblem of the Ministry
Ministry of foreign affairs of Belarus p03.jpg
Main office in Minsk
Agency overview
JurisdictionGovernment of Belarus
HeadquartersMinsk, Belarus
Minister responsible
Parent departmentMinistry of Foreign Affairs of the Belarusian SSR
Websitehttp://www.mfa.gov.by/
Flag of the Ministry

The current Minister of Foreign Affairs is Vladimir Makei, since 2012. Anatoly Glaz, a diplomat and spokesperson of the Ministry, voiced criticism against international sanctions against the Lukashenko regime and justified bans of foreign journalists from working in Belarus.[1]

HistoryEdit

Historical lineageEdit

In December 1920, the People’s Commissariat for Foreign Affairs was established by resolution of the Second Congress of Soviets of Belarus. With the 1922 formation of the USSR, the functions of representing the Soviet republics in the international arena passed into the national jurisdiction. On 1 February 1944, the Supreme Soviet of the USSR adopted a law on giving the Union Republics powers in the field of foreign policy. The People’s Commissariat of Foreign Affairs of the Belarusian SSR was then established on 24 March that year as a direct result of a resolution passed by the Supreme Soviet. According to this law, the union republics received the right to enter into direct relations with foreign states, conclude agreements with them and exchange diplomatic and consular missions. The structure of the People's Commissariat included the political, protocol and consular departments, the personnel department and the administration of affairs. The staff of the People's Commissariat totaled 27 people. By decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Belarus on 26 March 1946, the People’s Commissariat was transformed into the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Exactly 12 years later, the Council of Ministers gave the order for the ministry to represent the BSSR at the United Nations.[2]

Modern eraEdit

On 19 September 1991, it become known as the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Belarus, effective on this day from a national law adopted at the extraordinary session of the Supreme Soviet. The ministry then became subordinate to the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus. By a decree of President Alexander Lukashenko on 4 December 1998, the ministry was reorganized by abolishing three ministries: foreign affairs, CIS affairs and foreign economic relations. The new most recent regulation on the ministry was approved by decree in July 2006. Currently (as of December 2008), the Republic of Belarus maintains diplomatic relations with 164 countries of the world, in 47 of which 60 diplomatic missions are opened. Among them are 45 embassies, 7 permanent missions to international organizations, 7 general consulates and 1 consulate. 12 branches of the embassies of the Republic of Belarus also operate abroad.

Ministers of Foreign AffairsEdit

Belarusian People's RepublicEdit

Belarusian SSREdit

Republic of BelarusEdit

StructureEdit

The structure of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Belarus as of August 2019:[3]

  • Minister of Foreign Affairs (Vladimir Makei)
  • First Deputy Minister (Alexander Mikhnevich)
    • General Legal Department
      • International Treaty Office
        • Department of bilateral treaties
        • Department of Multilateral Treaties
      • Legal department
    • Office of Russia and the Union State
      • Department for the Development of Allied Relations
      • Department for the implementation of economic programs
    • Management of regions of Russia
      • Department of the Center, Volga and South of Russia
      • Department of the North-West, Urals, Siberia and the Far East
    • Office of the Commonwealth of Independent States and the Eurasian Economic Community
    • Office of bilateral relations with the countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States
    • Office of International Security and Arms Control
  • Deputy Minister (Sergey Aleinik)
    • Main organizational and control department
      • Office of documentation and control
        • Department of organizational work
        • Department of documentation and control
        • Historical and Archival Department
      • Office of coordination and planning
      • UNESCO Secretariat
      • Office of America
      • Office of Asia and Africa
        • Department of Asia
        • Department of Africa and the Middle East
  • General Directorate of International Diplomacy
    • Office of Global Politics and Humanitarian Cooperation
    • Office of Economic Cooperation and Sustainable Development
  • Deputy Minister
    • European Headquarters
      • Bilateral Cooperation Office
        • Central Europe Department
        • Department of Northern Europe
        • Department of Western Europe
      • Office of Pan-European Cooperation
        • Division of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and the Council of Europe
        • Department of European Integration
    • Department of Foreign Policy Analysis
    • Information Management
      • Press Department
      • Information Support Department
    • State Protocol Service[4]
      • Department of visits
      • Department for work with the diplomatic corps
      • Protocol Sector
    • Main consular department
      • Management of analysis, planning, visa and tariff policies
      • Consular Legal Department
      • Department of Citizenship and Travel Abroad
      • Office for Foreigners
    • Monetary and financial management
      • Department of accounting and reporting of the central office
      • Department of financing and reporting of foreign agencies
      • Department of methodology and control and audit work
    • Department of providing diplomatic services
      • Logistics Department
      • Department of construction and real estate
  • Deputy Minister (Alexander Guryanov)
    • Department of Foreign Economic Affairs
      • Export Support Office
        • Department of export and investment promotion
        • Analysis and Planning Department
        • Department for work with foreign missions
      • Department of Foreign Trade Policy
        • Department of protective measures and market access
        • Department of customs and tariff regulation and negotiations with the WTO
    • Office of Information Technology
    • Office of Diplomatic Security
      • Security Department
      • Special Communications Department
      • Security Engineering Department
  • HR management
    • HR department
    • Training Department
  • Ambassador on special assignments (Gennady Akhramovich)
  • Ambassador-at-Large (Vladimir Schastny)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Belarus strips journalists working for foreign outlets of accreditation". Committee to Protect Journalists. 2020-08-29. Retrieved 2021-02-26.
  2. ^ http://www.mfa.gov.by/ministry/100years/
  3. ^ (PDF) http://www.mfa.gov.by/docs/structure.pdf. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ "Служба государственного протокола - Министерство иностранных дел Республики Беларусь". mfa.gov.by. Retrieved 2020-04-21.

External linksEdit