Ministry of Cultures, Decolonization and Depatriarchalization

The Ministry of Cultures, Decolonization, and Depatriarchalization (Spanish: Ministerio de Culturas, Descolonización, y Despatriarcalización) is the ministry of the government of Bolivia that provides for the preservation and protection of the cultures and artistic expressions of the indigenous peoples of Bolivia as well as promotes the country's tourism sector and process of decolonization and depatriarchalization.

Ministry of Cultures, Decolonization, and Depatriarchalization
Ministerio de Culturas, Descolonización, y Despatriarcalización
The Chakana cross, logo of the Plurinational State of Bolivia
Ministry overview
Formed7 February 2009; 15 years ago (2009-02-07)
13 November 2020; 3 years ago (2020-11-13) (re-established)
Preceding Ministry
  • Vice Ministry of Cultural Development
TypeMinistry
JurisdictionGovernment of Bolivia
HeadquartersCasa Grande del Pueblo
Central Zone, Ayacucho Palacio Chico - esq. Potosí,
La Paz, Bolivia
16°29′47″S 68°08′01″W / 16.49636349131373°S 68.13359136931354°W / -16.49636349131373; -68.13359136931354
Minister responsible
Child agencies
  • Vice Ministry Decolonization and Depatriarchalization
  • Vice Ministry of Interculturality
Websitewww.minculturas.gob.bo

History edit

The history of the Ministry of Cultures began with the establishment of the Bolivian Institute of Culture (IBC) by President Hugo Banzer on 14 March 1975. The IBC —later renamed as the Secretariat of Culture— was a dependent entity of the Ministry of Education and Cultures, granted jurisdiction over the National Archives of Sucre, the Casa de la Libertad, and the Casa de la Moneda in Potosí. During Banzer's second presidency from 1997 to 2001, the secretariat was further elevated to the status of a vice ministry.[1]

In 2006, during the early government of President Evo Morales —Bolivia's first indigenous president— the office was expanded as the Vice Ministry of Cultural Development. On 7 February 2009, through Chapter XX of Supreme Decree N° 29894 on the Organizational Structure of the Executive Body of the Plurinational State, Morales formed the Ministry of Cultures. The until-then vice minister Pablo Groux was appointed to head the ministry.[2][3] With the enactment of the General Law of Tourism "Bolivia Awaits You", the cultures portfolio was expanded, and it was named the Ministry of Cultures and Tourism for the duration of Morales' term.[4]

The transitional government of Jeanine Áñez eliminated the portfolio on 4 June 2020 to preserve funds to combat the COVID-19 pandemic, a decision criticized by both the opposition and members of Morales' Movement for Socialism (MAS-IPSP).[5][6] After the return to power of the MAS in that year's general elections, President Luis Arce restored the office as the Ministry of Cultures, Decolonization, and Depatriarchalization on 13 November 2020.[7][8]

List of ministers edit

Portfolio Minister Party Prof. Took office Left office Term President Ref.
Minister of Cultures Office vacant 7 February 2009 – 8 February 2009 1 Morales [2]
Pablo Groux Ind. Jrnl. 8 February 2009 23 January 2010 349 [9][10]
Zulma Yugar MAS Mus. 23 January 2010 15 February 2011 388 [11][12]
Elizabeth Salguero MAS Jrnl. 15 February 2011 23 January 2012 342 [13][14]
Pablo Groux Ind. Jrnl. 23 January 2012 25 September 2012 1,123 [15][10]
Minister of Cultures
and Tourism
25 September 2012 19 February 2015
Marko Machicao MAS Eco. 19 February 2015 23 January 2017 704 [16][17]
Wilma Alanoca MAS Jrnl. 23 January 2017 10 November 2019 1,021 [18][19]
Office vacant 10 November 2019 – 14 November 2019 4 Áñez
Martha Yujra MDS Uni. 14 November 2019 4 June 2020 203 [20][21]
Office abolished 4 June 2020 – 13 November 2020 162 [6]
Arce
Minister of Cultures,
Decolonization, and
Depatriarchalization
Office vacant 13 November 2020 – 20 November 2020 7 [8]
Sabina Orellana MAS Uni. 13 November 2020 Incumbent 1,256 [22][23]

References edit

  1. ^ "Primera Directora del Instituto Boliviano de Cultura recibe distinción". Agencia de Noticias Fides (in Spanish). La Paz. 30 March 2000. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Creación histórica del Ministerio de Culturas". International Federation of Arts Councils and Culture Agencies (in Spanish). Surry Hills. 10 February 2009. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  3. ^ Morales Ayma, Evo (7 February 2009). "Decreto Supremo N° 29894". gacetaoficialdebolivia.gob.bo (in Spanish). La Paz: Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  4. ^ Morales Ayma, Evo (25 September 2012). "Ley General N° 292 del Turismo "Bolivia te Espera"". gacetaoficialdebolivia.gob.bo (in Spanish). La Paz: Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  5. ^ "Bolivia elimina tres ministerios y dos embajadas y destinará esos recursos a luchar contra el coronavirus". Europa Press (in Spanish). Madrid. 5 June 2020. Archived from the original on 18 January 2022. Retrieved 17 February 2022.
  6. ^ a b Áñez Chávez, Jeanine (4 June 2020). "Decreto Supremo N° 4257". gacetaoficialdebolivia.gob.bo (in Spanish). La Paz: Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  7. ^ Pomacahua, Pamela (17 November 2020). "Flores: Una Bartolina va a ser la ministra de Culturas". Página Siete (in Spanish). La Paz. Retrieved 18 February 2022.
  8. ^ a b Arce Catacora, Luis Alberto (13 November 2020). "Decreto Supremo N° 4393". gacetaoficialdebolivia.gob.bo (in Spanish). La Paz: Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  9. ^ Morales Ayma, Evo (8 February 2009). "Decreto Supremo N° 0001". gacetaoficialdebolivia.gob.bo (in Spanish). La Paz: Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  10. ^ a b "Pablo Groux | El Gabinete de Evo Morales". El Deber. Retrieved 26 June 2021.
  11. ^ Morales Ayma, Evo (23 January 2010). "Decreto Presidencial Nº 407". lexivox.org (in Spanish). La Paz. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  12. ^ "Zulma Yugar | El Gabinete de Evo Morales". El Deber. Retrieved 27 June 2021.
  13. ^ Morales Ayma, Evo (15 February 2011). "Decreto Supremo N° 0793". gacetaoficialdebolivia.gob.bo (in Spanish). La Paz: Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  14. ^ "Elizabeth Salguero | El Gabinete de Evo Morales". El Deber. Retrieved 2 July 2021.
  15. ^ Morales Ayma, Evo (23 January 2012). "Decreto Supremo N° 1125". gacetaoficialdebolivia.gob.bo (in Spanish). La Paz: Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  16. ^ Morales Ayma, Evo (19 February 2015). "Decreto Supremo N° 2273". gacetaoficialdebolivia.gob.bo (in Spanish). La Paz: Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  17. ^ "Marko Marcelo Machicao | El Gabinete de Evo Morales". El Deber. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
  18. ^ Morales Ayma, Evo (23 January 2017). "Decreto Supremo N° 3059". gacetaoficialdebolivia.gob.bo (in Spanish). La Paz: Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  19. ^ "Wilma Alanoca | El Gabinete de Evo Morales". El Deber. Retrieved 3 July 2021.
  20. ^ Áñez Chávez, Jeanine (14 November 2019). "Decreto Supremo N° 4080". gacetaoficialdebolivia.gob.bo (in Spanish). La Paz: Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  21. ^ "La residente de El Alto, Martha Yujra es la nueva ministra de Culturas". Página Siete (in Spanish). La Paz. 14 November 2019. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  22. ^ Arce Catacora, Luis Alberto (20 November 2020). "Decreto Supremo N° 4398". gacetaoficialdebolivia.gob.bo (in Spanish). La Paz: Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  23. ^ Medina, Eduardo (20 November 2020). "Sabina Orellana fue posesionada como Ministra de Culturas, llama a acabar con el racismo". La Razón (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 November 2021.

External links edit