The Arce Cabinet constitutes the 222nd cabinet of the Plurinational State of Bolivia. It was formed on 9 November 2020, one day after Luis Arce was sworn in as the 67th president of Bolivia following the 2020 general election, succeeding the Áñez Cabinet. The cabinet is composed entirely of members of the ruling Movement for Socialism. Described as a "technocratic" cabinet, it has been noted for the low-profile and youth of some of its members as well as its political distance from former president Evo Morales.

Cabinet of Luis Arce
Arce Cabinet

222nd Cabinet of the Plurinational State of Bolivia
2020–present
Date formed9 November 2020
(3 years, 5 months)
People and organisations
PresidentLuis Arce
Vice PresidentDavid Choquehuanca
No. of ministers17
Total no. of members21 (incl. former members)
Member parties  Movement for Socialism
Status in legislatureMajority government
History
Election(s)2020 general election
Legislature term(s)2020–2025 Plurinational Legislative Assembly
PredecessorCabinet of Jeanine Áñez

Council of Ministers edit

Portfolio Minister Party Prof. Took office Left office Term Ref.
President Luis Arce MAS Eco. 8 November 2020 Incumbent 1,254 [1]
Vice President David Choquehuanca MAS Dip. 8 November 2020 Incumbent 1,254
Minister of Foreign Affairs Rogelio Mayta MAS Law. 9 November 2020 Incumbent 1,253 [2][3]
Minister of the Presidency María Nela Prada MAS Dip. 9 November 2020 Incumbent 1,253 [2][4]
Minister of Government Eduardo del Castillo MAS Law. 9 November 2020 Incumbent 1,253 [2][5]
Minister of Defense Edmundo Novillo MAS Law. 9 November 2020 Incumbent 1,253 [2][6]
Minister of Development Planning Gabriela Mendoza MAS Eco. 9 November 2020 Incumbent 1,253 [2][7]
Minister of Economy and Public Finance Marcelo Montenegro MAS Eco. 9 November 2020 Incumbent 1,253 [2][8]
Minister of Hydrocarbons Franklin Molina Ortiz MAS Eco. 9 November 2020 19 November 2020 1,253 [2][9]
Minister of Hydrocarbons and Energies 19 November 2020 Incumbent [10]
Minister of Productive Development and the Plural Economy Néstor Huanca Chura MAS Eco. 9 November 2020 Incumbent 1,253 [2][11]
Minister of Public Works, Services, and Housing Edgar Montaño MAS Eng. 9 November 2020 Incumbent 1,253 [2][12]
Minister of Mining and Metallurgy Ramiro Villavicencio MAS Eng. 9 November 2020 Incumbent 1,253 [2][13]
Minister of Justice and Institutional Transparency Iván Lima MAS Law. 9 November 2020 Incumbent 1,253 [2][14]
Minister of Labor, Employment, and Social Security Verónica Navia Tejada MAS Soc. 9 November 2020 Incumbent 1,253 [2]
Minister of Health Édgar Pozo MAS Dr. 9 November 2020 19 November 2020 68 [2]
Minister of Health and Sports 19 November 2020 16 January 2021 [10]
Jeyson Auza MAS Dr. 16 January 2021 Incumbent 1,185 [15][16]
Minister of Environment and Water Juan Santos Cruz MAS Uni. 9 November 2020 Incumbent 1,253 [2][17]
Minister of Education, Sports, and Cultures Adrián Quelca PCB Prof. 9 November 2020 19 November 2020 368 [2][18]
Minister of Education 19 November 2020 12 November 2021 [10]
Office vacant 12–19 November 2021 7 [19][a]
Edgar Pary MAS Prof. 19 November 2021 Incumbent 878 [21][22]
Minister of Rural Development and Land Wilson Cáceres MAS Uni. 9 November 2020 1 December 2020 22 [2]
Edwin Characayo MAS Agr. 1 December 2020 14 April 2021 134 [23][24]
Office vacant 14–20 April 2021 6 [25][26]
Remmy Gonzáles MAS Eng. 20 April 2021 Incumbent 1,091 [27][28]
Ministry of Cultures, Decolonization and Depatriarchalization Office vacant 13–20 November 2020 7 [29]
Sabina Orellana MAS Uni. 20 November 2020 Incumbent 1,242 [30][31]
Minister of Energies Office vacant 9–12 November 2020 3 [32]
Franklin Molina Ortiz[b] MAS Eco. 12 November 2020 19 November 2020 7
Office merged with the Ministry of Hydrocarbons [10]

Composition edit

Portfolio Minister Party Term of office
Portrait Name Incumbent Term
Ministry of Foreign Affairs   Rogelio Mayta Movement for
Socialism
9 November 2020 3 years, 158 days
Vice Ministers
Portfolio Vice Minister Party Prof. Took office Left office Term Ref.
Vice Minister of Foreign Affairs Freddy Mamani Machaca MAS Prof. 4 December 2020 Incumbent 1,228 [33]
Vice Minister of Foreign Trade
and Integration
Benjamín Blanco MAS Bus. 1 December 2020 Incumbent 1,231 [34][35]
Vice Minister of Institutional
and Consular Management
Eva Gloria Chuquimia MAS Law. 1 December 2020 Incumbent 1,231 [34][35]
Ministry of the Presidency   María Nela Prada Movement for
Socialism
9 November 2020 3 years, 158 days
Vice Ministers
Portfolio Vice Minister Party Prof. Took office Left office Term Ref.
Vice Minister of Coordination
and Government Management
Freddy Bobaryn MAS Poli. 13 November 2020 Incumbent 1,249 [36][37]
Vice Minister of Coordination with
Social Movements and Civil Society
Juan Villca MAS Uni. 12 November 2020 Incumbent 1,250 [38][39]
Vice Minister of Autonomies David Pérez Rapu MAS Eco. 24 November 2020 13 May 2021 170 [40][41][42]
Álvaro Ruiz García MAS Law. 14 May 2021 Incumbent 1,067 [43][44]
Vice Minister of Communication Gabriela Alcón MAS Jrnl. 12 November 2020 Incumbent 1,250 [38][45][46]
Ministry of Government   Eduardo del Castillo Movement for
Socialism
9 November 2020 3 years, 158 days
Vice Ministers
Portfolio Vice Minister Party Prof. Took office Left office Term Ref.
Vice Minister of Citizen Security Gonzalo Lazcano MAS Law. 19 November 2020 7 April 2021 139 [47][48]
Roberto Ríos MAS Law. 7 April 2021 Incumbent 1,104 [49][50]
Vice Minister of Internal Affairs
and Police
Emilio Rodas MAS Law. 19 November 2020 28 June 2021 221 [47][48]
Nelson Cox MAS Law. 28 June 2021 10 January 2022 196 [51]
Office vacant 10 January 2022 – present 826 [52]
Vice Minister of Social Defense
and Controlled Substances
Jaime Mamani MAS Uni. 13 November 2020 Incumbent 1,249 [53][54]
Ministry of Defense   Edmundo Novillo Movement for
Socialism
9 November 2020 3 years, 158 days
Vice Ministers
Portfolio Vice Minister Party Prof. Took office Left office Term Ref.
Vice Minister of Civil Defense Juan Carlos Calvimontes MAS Dr. 12 November 2020 Incumbent 1,250 [55][56]
Vice Minister of Defense and
Cooperation to Integral Development
José Manuel Puente MAS Mil. 17 November 2020 Incumbent 1,245 [57][58]
Vice Minister of the Fight Against
Smuggling
Gonzalo Renán Rodríguez MAS Mil. 17 November 2020 27 February 2021 102 [57][58]
Office vacant 27 February – 23 April 2021 55 [59]
Daniel Pedro Vargas MAS Mil. 23 April 2021 Incumbent 1,088 [60][61]
Ministry of
Development Planning
  Gabriela Mendoza Movement for
Socialism
9 November 2020 3 years, 158 days
Vice Ministers
Portfolio Vice Minister Party Prof. Took office Left office Term Ref.
Vice Minister of Planning
and Coordination
Diego Pacheco MAS 10 December 2020 12 April 2021 123 [62]
Office vacant 12–16 April 2021 4 [63]
Marcelo Laura MAS 16 April 2021 Incumbent 1,095 [64][65]
Vice Minister of Public Investment
and External Financing
Harley Rodríguez MAS 10 December 2020 12 April 2021 123 [62]
Office vacant 12–16 April 2021 4 [66]
David Guachalla MAS 16 April 2021 Incumbent 1,095 [64][65]
Vice Minister of Strategic
Planning of the State
Huáscar Ajata MAS 11 January 2021 Incumbent 1,190 [67][68]
Ministry of Economy
and Public Finance
  Marcelo Montenegro Movement for
Socialism
9 November 2020 3 years, 158 days
Vice Ministers
Portfolio Vice Minister Party Prof. Took office Left office Term Ref.
Vice Minister of Budget
and Fiscal Accounting
Zenón Mamani MAS Acct. 12 November 2020 Incumbent 1,250 [69][70]
Vice Minister of Tax Policy Johnny Morales MAS Eco. 12 November 2020 Incumbent 1,250 [69][70]
Vice Minister of Pensions
and Financial Services
Ivette Espinoza MAS Eco. 12 November 2020 Incumbent 1,250 [69][70]
Vice Minister of the Treasury
and Public Credit
Sergio Cusicanqui MAS Eco. 12 November 2020 Incumbent 1,250 [69][70]
Ministry of Hydrocarbons
and Energies
  Franklin Molina Ortiz Movement for
Socialism
9 November 2020 3 years, 158 days
Vice Ministers
Portfolio Vice Minister Party Prof. Took office Left office Term Ref.
Vice Minister of Exploration
and Exploitation of Hydrocarbons
Luis Poma MAS Geo. 27 November 2020 Incumbent 1,235 [71]
Vice Minister of Industrialization,
Commercialization, Transportation
and Storage of Hydrocarbons
William Donaire MAS 23 November 2020 Incumbent 1,239 [72]
Vice Minister of Energy
Planning and Development
Mario Alberto Sapiencia Arrieta MAS 16 November 2020 Incumbent 1,246
Vice Minister of High
Energy Technologies
Álvaro Arnez MAS Eng. 27 November 2020 Incumbent 1,235 [71]
Vice Minister of Electricity
and Alternative Energies
José María Salvador Romay MAS Eng. 30 November 2020 Incumbent 1,232 [73]
Ministry of Productive
Development and
the Plural Economy
  Néstor Huanca Chura Movement for
Socialism
9 November 2020 3 years, 158 days
Vice Ministers
Portfolio Vice Minister Party Prof. Took office Left office Term Ref.
Vice Minister of Micro and Small Business Nelson Aruquipa MAS Eng. 4 December 2020 Incumbent 1,228 [74][75]
Vice Minister of Industrial Production
at Medium and Large Scale
Luis Siles MAS Eng. 4 December 2020 Incumbent 1,228 [74][76]
Vice Minister of Internal Trade Gróver Lacoa MAS Eng. 4 December 2020 Incumbent 1,228 [74][77]
Vice Minister of Tourism Eliana Ampuero MAS Tur. 4 December 2020 Incumbent 1,228 [74][78]
Ministry of Public Works,
Services, and Housing
  Edgar Montaño Movement for
Socialism
9 November 2020 3 years, 158 days
Vice Ministers
Portfolio Vice Minister Party Prof. Took office Left office Term Ref.
Vice Minister of Transport Nino Saúl Herbas MAS 29 January 2021 Incumbent 1,172 [79][80]
Vice Minister of Telecommunications Edwin Édgar Arandia Rojas MAS Eng. 3 December 2020 Incumbent 1,229 [81]
Vice Minister of Housing and Urbanism Róger Cruz Pinedo MAS 3 December 2020 Incumbent 1,229 [81]
Ministry of Mining
and Metallurgy
  Ramiro Villavicencio Movement for
Socialism
9 November 2020 3 years, 158 days
Vice Ministers
Portfolio Vice Minister Party Prof. Took office Left office Term Ref.
Vice Minister of Producitve Development
and Metallurgical Mining
Juan José Carvajal Huanca MAS 20 November 2020 Incumbent 1,242 [82]
Vice Minister of Mining Policy,
Regulation, and Inspection
Wiston Medrano Escalante MAS Eng. 20 November 2020 Incumbent 1,242 [82]
Vice Minister of Mining Cooperatives Mauricio Guzmán Mujica MAS 20 November 2020 Incumbent 1,242 [82]
Ministry of Justice and
Institutional Transparency
  Iván Lima Movement for
Socialism
9 November 2020 3 years, 158 days
Vice Ministers
Portfolio Vice Minister Party Prof. Took office Left office Term Ref.
Vice Minister of Justice and Fundamental Rights César Adalid Siles Bazán MAS Law. 12 November 2020 Incumbent 1,250 [83]
Vice Minister of Equal Opportunities Miriam Julieta Huacani Zapana MAS Soc. 12 November 2020 Incumbent 1,250 [83]
Vice Minister of Indigenous Peasant Justice Silvia Alarcón Heredia MAS Law. 24 November 2020 Incumbent 1,238 [84]
Vice Minister of Defense of the Rights
of the User and Consumer
Jorge Silva Trujillo MAS Law. 12 November 2020 Incumbent 1,250 [83]
Vice Minister of Institutional Transparency
and the Fight Against Corruption
Julia Susana Ríos Laguna MAS Law. 12 November 2020 Incumbent 1,250 [83]
Ministry of Labor, Employment,
and Social Security
  Verónica Navia Tejada Movement for
Socialism
9 November 2020 3 years, 158 days
Vice Ministers
Portfolio Vice Minister Party Prof. Took office Left office Term Ref.
Vice Minister of Labor and Social Security Víctor Quispe Ticona MAS Uni. 17 November 2020 Incumbent 1,245 [85]
Vice Minister of Employment, Civil Service
and Cooperatives
Martín Bazurco MAS 18 December 2020 30 July 2021 224 [86]
Gonzalo Zambrana Ávila MAS Eco. 30 July 2021 Incumbent 990 [87]
Ministry of Health
and Sports
  Jeyson Auza Movement for
Socialism
16 January 2021 3 years, 90 days
Vice Ministers
Portfolio Vice Minister Party Prof. Took office Left office Term Ref.
Vice Minister of Health Insurance and Management
of the Unified Health System
Álvaro Terrazas MAS Dr. 23 November 2020 Incumbent 1,239 [88][89]
Vice Minister of Promotion, Epidemiological
Surveillance, and Traditional Medicine
María Renee Castro MAS Bio. 23 November 2020 Incumbent 1,239 [88][90]
Vice Minister of Health System Management Alejandra Hidalgo Ugarte MAS Dr. 23 November 2020 Incumbent 1,239 [88][91]
Vice Minister of Sports Cielo Veizaga MAS Ftbl. 17 December 2020 Incumbent 1,215 [92][93]
Ministry of Environment
and Water
  Juan Santos Cruz Movement for
Socialism
9 November 2020 3 years, 158 days
Vice Ministers
Portfolio Vice Minister Party Prof. Took office Left office Term Ref.
Vice Minister of Drinking Water and Basic Sanitation Carmelo Valda MAS Eng. 26 November 2020 Incumbent 1,236 [94][95]
Vice Minister of Environment, Biodiversity, Climate Change,
and Forest Management and Development
Magin Herrera MAS 20 November 2020 Incumbent 1,242 [96][97]
Vice Minister of Water Resources and Irrigation Wilder Quiroz Guzmán MAS 26 November 2020 Incumbent 1,236 [98]
Ministry of Education   Edgar Pary Chambi Movement for
Socialism
19 November 2021 2 years, 148 days
Vice Ministers
Portfolio Vice Minister Party Prof. Took office Left office Term Ref.
Vice Minister of Regular Education Bartolomé Puma Velázquez MAS 24 November 2020 Incumbent 1,238 [99]
Vice Minister of Higher Education
and Professional Training
Aurea Balderrama Almendras MAS 24 November 2020 1 December 2021 372 [99]
José Luis Gutiérrez MAS 1 December 2021 Incumbent 866 [100]
Vice Minister of Alternative and
Special Education
Sandra Cristina Cruz Nina MAS 24 November 2020 Incumbent 1,238 [99]
Vice Minister of Science and Technology Julio Gómez Chambilla MAS Prof. 19 January 2021 Incumbent 1,182 [101]
Ministry of Rural
Development and Lands
  Remmy Gonzáles Movement for
Socialism
20 April 2021 2 years, 361 days
Vice Ministers
Portfolio Vice Minister Party Prof. Took office Left office Term Ref.
Vice Minister of Rural and Agricultural Development Álvaro Mollinedo MAS 17 November 2020 Incumbent 1,245 [102]
Vice Minister of Coca and Integral Development Rolando Canceno Mamani MAS 20 November 2020 17 September 2021 301 [103]
Juan Pablo Jove Álvarez MAS 17 September 2021 Incumbent 941 [104]
Vice Minister of Lands Juan José García Cruz MAS 1 February 2021 Incumbent 1,169 [105]
Ministry of Cultures
Decolonization and
Depatriarchalization
  Sabina Orellana Movement for
Socialism
20 November 2020 3 years, 147 days
Vice Ministers
Portfolio Vice Minister Party Prof. Took office Left office Term Ref.
Vice Minister of Decolonization
and Depatriarchalization
Pelagio Condori MAS 20 November 2020 Incumbent 1,242 [106]
Vice Minister of Interculturality Cergio Prudencio MAS Mus. 20 November 2020 12 March 2021 112 [106]
Office vacant 12 March – 7 July 2021 117 [107]
Juan Carlos Cordero MAS Mus. 7 July 2021 Incumbent 1,013 [108]

History edit

According to Arce, the council of ministers accompanying him would be "an austere government with the priority of reactivating the economy and examining the health crisis".[109] The cabinet has been noted for the low profile of its appointed members, predominantly made up of low-level officials and academics who, despite their youth, have long management experience. Political scientist Helena Argirakis affirms that "certain fundamental features that characterize the MAS" are maintained in this cabinet, while at the same time it balances "experience and innovation, the country's regional diversity and professional, political, union and social training".[110] Analysts also highlighted the distance between the appointees and former president and MAS leader Evo Morales. Among the ministers, only Minister of Defense Edmundo Novillo had any long history within the ranks of MAS, being president of the Chamber of Deputies and governor of Cochabamba. These factors reaffirmed Arce's statement that Morales would have no direct participation in his administration.[111]

A year into the Arce administration, calls for renewal within the cabinet among sectors related to the MAS began to arise. On 30 December 2021, Morales publicly requested that Arce "improve his cabinet".[112] The following day, Deputy Daniel Rojas went one step further, calling some members of Arce's cabinet "parasites" and affirming that certain social organizations were discontent with their management.[113] Meanwhile, Deputy Juanito Angulo announced that the Plurinational Legislative Assembly would evaluate the cabinet upon returning from parliamentary recess and intended to make recommendations for change based on that.[114] Deputy Héctor Arce stated that the assembly would wait for a response by 22 or 23 January —the traditional date in which Morales ratified his ministers in each year of his administration— "and if the suggested changes are not carried out, we will take action on the matter".[115]

Among the complaints of the MAS was the view that some ministers were not sufficiently political. Eight ministers were observed as not holding political militancy within the MAS: Minister of Foreign Affairs Rogelio Mayta; of Government Eduardo del Castillo; of Justice, Iván Lima; of Economy, Marcelo Montenegro; of Hydrocarbons, Franklin Molina; of Mining, Ramiro Villavicencio; of Planning, Gabriela Mendoza; and of Labor, Verónica Navia Tejada.[116] In particular, del Castillo and Lima were spotlighted for the lack of enforceable convictions against those responsible for the alleged coup d'état that ousted Morales during the 2019 political crisis. On 6 January 2022, the Unified Syndical Confederation of Rural Workers (CSUTCB) passed a motion to censure del Castillo and Lima along with five other ministers and three vice ministers for "not working at the height of their mandate and being negligent".[117] On the matter, Página Siete pointed out that "Morales puts Arce in a jam because, after his demand, the president will have to make a decision: if he makes cabinet changes, he will show himself as a president without authority and as a puppet of Evo Morales, and if he does not do so, he will have to enter a public confrontation with his own political boss".[118]

At a five-hour meeting held on 19 January 2022, the Arce administration and the Pact of Unity agreed to postpone any cabinet changes until 11 February.[119] On that date, the unions conceded to the president, allowing him to ratify his cabinet without changing ministers. In exchange, Arce agreed to allow them to carry out a "permanent evaluation" of his cabinet on a monthly basis.[120]

Cabinets edit

Formed Days Decree
I 9 November 2020 1,253 Presidential Decree N° 4389

Structural changes edit

Arce's cabinet initially received criticism from indigenous leaders such as Felipe Quispe due to its lack of indigenous representation.[121] However, on 13 November 2020, Arce issued Supreme Decree N° 4393 which reinstated the Ministry of Cultures, which had previously been reduced to a vice-ministry under the Ministry of Education by the administration of Jeanine Áñez. The new office was dubbed as the Ministry of Cultures, Decolonization, and Depatriarchalization and was given the expanded task of combating "inequality between nationalities, as well as between men and women". As well as elevating the portfolio of cultures into its own ministry, the portfolio of sports was also stripped from the Ministry of Education and reassigned to the Ministry of Health. The Vice Ministry of Communications also noted that the creation of the new state agency came thanks to the unification of the energies and hydrocarbons portfolios into a single office, thus keeping the same number of cabinet posts.[106]

The new changes came into effect on 19 November when Édgar Pozo, Adrián Quelca, and Franklin Molina Ortiz were ratified in their positions under new titles by Presidential Decree N° 4397.[10] Sabina Orellana, of Quechua origin, was appointed to head the new ministry the following day, adding one indigenous representative to the cabinet.[122]

Portfolio Part of Transferred to Date Decree
Cultures Ministry of Education Ministry of Cultures 13 November 2020 Supreme Decree N° 4393
Sports Ministry of Health
Energies Ministry of Energies Ministry of Hydrocarbons

References edit

Notes edit

  1. ^ Quelca continued to perform ministerial functions in an unclear, semi-official capacity for some days after his resignation.[20]
  2. ^ As Minister of Hydrocarbons.

Footnotes edit

  1. ^ Valdez, Carlos (8 November 2020). "New leftist leader takes office in Boliva". Associated Press. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Decreto Presidencial N° 4389". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 9 November 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  3. ^ "Autoridades del Ministerio de Relaciones Exteriores". cancilleria.gob.bo (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2 May 2021. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  4. ^ Claros, Yandira (9 November 2020). "María Nela Prada, la primera mujer que es ministra de la Presidencia". La Razón (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  5. ^ Claros, Yandira (9 November 2020). "El constitucionalista Eduardo del Castillo es el nuevo Ministro de Gobierno". La Razón (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  6. ^ Claros, Yandira (9 November 2020). "Edmundo Novillo, exgobernador de Cochabamba, es el nuevo ministro de Defensa". La Razón (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  7. ^ Ibáñez, Marco A. (10 November 2020). "Gabriela Mendoza, exviceministra de Política Tributaria, es ministra de Planificación". La Razón (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  8. ^ Ibáñez, Marco A. (10 November 2020). "Marcelo Montenegro, el brazo derecho de Luis Arce para sacar a flote la economía". La Razón (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  9. ^ Ibáñez, Marco A. (10 November 2020). "Molina, experto en desarrollo energético, es el nuevo ministro de Hidrocarburos". La Razón (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  10. ^ a b c d e "Decreto Presidencial N° 4397". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 19 November 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  11. ^ Flores, Rosío (9 November 2020). "Néstor Huanca, máster en gestión gubernamental, es ministro de Desarrollo Productivo". La Razón (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  12. ^ Corz, Carlos (9 November 2020). "Iván Arias entrega personalmente su despacho, Montaño le dice: 'Es de caballeros estar aquí'". La Razón (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  13. ^ "El ingeniero metalúrgico Ramiro Villavicencio dirige el Ministerio de Minería". autoridadminera.gob.bo (in Spanish). 19 November 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  14. ^ "Iván Lima asumirá como ministro de Justicia". Correo del Sur (in Spanish). 9 November 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  15. ^ "Decreto Presidencial N° 4454". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 16 January 2021. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  16. ^ Peñaranda, Aylin (16 January 2021). "Pozo abandona el gabinete por el COVID-19 y Auza es nuevo ministro de Salud". La Razón (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  17. ^ Peñaranda, Aylin (9 November 2020). "Enfrentar los incendios, la primera tarea de Cruz, nuevo ministro de Medio Ambiente y Agua". La Razón (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  18. ^ Peñaranda, Aylin (9 November 2020). "El profesor Adrián Quelca es el nuevo ministro de Educación, Culturas y Deporte". La Razón (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  19. ^ "Renuncia el ministro Quelca en medio del escándalo por el caso 'tráfico de exámenes'". Página Siete (in Spanish). 12 November 2021. Retrieved 17 November 2021.
  20. ^ "Quelca sigue ejerciendo como ministro y Richter dice que en próximos días asumirá una nueva autoridad". Correo del Sur (in Spanish). 18 November 2021. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  21. ^ "Decreto Presidencial N° 4623". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 19 November 2021. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  22. ^ Alanoca, Jesus (19 November 2021). "Edgar Pary Chambi asume como nuevo ministro de Educación". El Deber (in Spanish). Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  23. ^ "Decreto Presidencial N° 4405". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  24. ^ Corz, Carlos (1 December 2020). "Destituyen a Cáceres, Arce posesiona a Characayo como ministro de Desarrollo Rural y Tierras". La Razón (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  25. ^ "Decreto Presidencial N° 4485". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 14 April 2021. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  26. ^ "Observan que Gobierno no posesiona nuevo ministro de Tierras hace 5 días". Página Siete (in Spanish). 17 April 2021. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  27. ^ "Decreto Presidencial N° 4488". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 20 April 2021. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  28. ^ Corz, Carlos (20 April 2021). "Remy Gonzales asume como Ministro de Desarrollo Rural, Arce advierte que será 'implacable' contra la corrupción". La Razón (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  29. ^ "Decreto Supremo N° 4393". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 13 November 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  30. ^ "Decreto Presidencial N° 4398". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 20 November 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  31. ^ Medina, Eduardo (20 November 2020). "Sabina Orellana fue posesionada como Ministra de Culturas, llama a acabar con el racismo". La Razón (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  32. ^ "Decreto Presidencial N° 4391". Gaceta Oficial del Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia (in Spanish). 12 November 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  33. ^ "El Canciller Rogelio Mayta posesionó a Freddy Mamani como viceministro de Relaciones Exteriores". cancilleria.gob.bo (in Spanish). 4 December 2020. Archived from the original on 4 December 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  34. ^ a b "Canciller Mayta posesiona a nuevos viceministros con la misión de no separase del pueblo". comunicacion.gob.bo (in Spanish). 1 December 2020. Archived from the original on 9 July 2021. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  35. ^ a b "Mayta posesiona a viceministros y pide transmitir la diplomacia "con identidad"". Página Siete (in Spanish). 1 December 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  36. ^ "Freddy Bobaryn es posesionado como nuevo viceministro de Gestión y Coordinación Gubernamental". comunicacion.gob.bo (in Spanish). 13 November 2020. Archived from the original on 9 July 2021. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  37. ^ "Viceministro de Coordinación y Gestión Gubernamental | Freddy Bobaryn López". presidencia.gob.bo (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 19 February 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  38. ^ a b "Se posesionan viceministros de Coordinación con Movimientos Sociales y de Comunicación". comunicacion.gob.bo (in Spanish). 12 November 2020. Archived from the original on 9 July 2021. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  39. ^ "Juan Villca, nuevo viceministro de Coordinación con Movimientos Sociales". Página Siete (in Spanish). 12 November 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  40. ^ "Ministra de la Presidencia posesiona a nuevas autoridades de Autonomías". comunicacion.gob.bo (in Spanish). 24 November 2020. Archived from the original on 9 July 2021. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  41. ^ "Viceministro de Autonomías | David Pérez Rapu". presidencia.gob.bo (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 19 February 2020. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  42. ^ "David Pérez Rapu fue posesionado como viceministro de Autonomías". Página Siete (in Spanish). 24 November 2020. Archived from the original on 16 May 2021. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  43. ^ "David Pérez Rapu renuncia al cargo de viceministro de Autonomías". eju.tv (in Spanish). 13 May 2021. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  44. ^ "Ministra de la Presidencia posesiona a Álvaro Ruiz García como nuevo Viceministro de Autonomías". presidencia.gob.bo (in Spanish). 14 May 2021. Archived from the original on 9 July 2021. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
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