Ministry of Culture (Ukraine)
The Ministry of Culture of Ukraine (Ukrainian: Міністерство культури України) or MinCult is the main state authority in the system of central government of Ukraine responsible for country's cultural development and history preservation. It is fully based on the former Ministry of Culture and Tourism (that was dissolved in 2010). The Honcharuk Government (on 29 August 2019) merged the Ministry of Youth and Sports into the ministry. But its succeeding Shmyhal Government undid this merge.
|Headquarters||19, Ivan Franko St., Kyiv|
|Parent agency||Cabinet of Ministers|
The origin of the Ukrainian ministry could be traced to the earliest creation of the General Secretariat of Ukraine where a department of culture was created in 1917 within the Secretariat of People's Education headed by Ivan Steshenko. It was created on same principles that existed during the Russian Empire where cultural life in Ukraine was administrated by the Russian Ministry of Enlightenment (see Ministry of National Education (Russian Empire)). In May 1918 there was established Ministry of People's Education and Arts headed by Mykola Vasylenko. Later there was Ministry of Art headed by Dmytro Antonovych (December 1918 - February 1919) that was disbanded soon after the Soviet invasion of Ukraine.
There also existed Ministry of Confessions that was first created during the government of Skoropadsky on April 30, 1918 and was at first headed by Mykola Vasylenko. After the fall of Skoropadsky government Ministry of Confessions (April 30, 1918 - December 14, 1918) was transformed into Administration of Cults at first and later into Ministry of Denomination (February 13, 1919) both headed by Ivan Lypa. One of the most noticeable ministers however was Ivan Ohiyenko.
With advancing Bolsheviks in Ukraine, there also was established the People's Commissariat of People's Education that took over most of culture life in Ukraine.
On 25 February 1919 by its decree, the Council of People's Commissariats of UkrSSR (CPC of UkrSSR) established Cinema Committee within its People's Commissariat of People's Education and registering all electro-theatres in Ukraine. On 19 February 1921 the CPC of UkrSSR issued statement obligating its People's Commissariat of People's Education to use all of artwork for purpose of communist agitation (propaganda). Previously by decree of 14 December 1920, the CPC of UkrSSR established Main Political and Educational Committee within its People's Commissariat of People's Education.
Another decree of CPC of UkrSSR of 11 March 1921 "About purchase for state museums museum valuables from private individuals" initiated creation of state museums which were previously "nationalised" by Bolsheviks "in the name of the Revolution" in form of simple expropriation. Along with that there was established All-Ukrainian Committee in Conservation of artworks, artifacts, and natural landmarks.
On 19 April 1921 CPC of UkrSSR issued decree "About peasants homes" (Ukrainian: селянські будинки, selyanski budynky) establishing centers of political education (propaganda) in rural areas.
On 22 November 1922, on efforts of people's commissar Hrynko, the Central Executive Committee of Ukraine adopted its statement "About enacting Code of Laws about People's Education" (Ukrainian: Про введення в дію Кодексу законів про народну освіту) which defined the network of cultural and art institutions, their framework of functioning, and mechanisms of administration.
The ministry consists of the central body of ministry headed by its leadership composed of a minister, his/hers first deputy, and other deputies in assistance to the minister. Part of ministry compose several state administrations that are specialized in certain field and coordinate operations of government companies.
- First Deputy
- Deputy-Chief of Aparat
- Section in support of the Minister's performance
- Sector of informational-analytic work and communication with public
- Sector of control and checks in execution of acts and orders of the President of Ukraine, the Verkhovna Rada, and the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine as well as the orders of leadership
- Sector of job-secrecy work
- Sector of mobilization work and public security
- Section of financial revisions and support of measures in the fight with corruption
- Sector for prevention and counter-action of corruption
- Section of human resources and state service
- Directory of legal support
- Section of legal expertise
- Section for the use of legislation
- Sector for conducting a claim work
- Directory of Affairs
- Section for documents support and control
- Section for cooperation with Verkhovna Rada
- Sector for organization of access to the public information
- Department in formation of the state policy in the sphere of culture, art, and education
- Directory of Arts
- Section of musical art
- Section of theatrical art
- Section of monumental, artistic, and folk art
- Sector of circus art
- Directory for strategical planning of cultural development and regional policy in the sphere of culture
- Section of analysis and forecasting of activities in learning institutions
- Section of analysis and forecasting of socio-cultural development of regions
- Section of analysis and forecasting of libraries activities
- State Service of Cinematography
- State Service in control of transportation of cultural valuables over the State Border
- State Service in protection of the National Cultural Heritage
- State Service of Tourism and Resorts
Ministerial institutions and organizationsEdit
The ministry also administers a network of museums, libraries, cultural centers, regional centers of folklore, national cultural heritage sites, various artistic education in schools and universities, has own research centers and institutions, promotes circus, musical and theatric arts in regions.
The ministry also maintains the registry of fixed landmarks of cultural heritage (national and local). On 11 December 2012 there were 4,719 such landmarks, 891 of national significance and the other 3,828 of local significance.
Note: while most of the educational state institutions are administered by the Ministry of Education, most arts educational state institutions are administered by the Ministry of Culture.
Ukrainian cultural centersEdit
- Cultural center of Ukraine in Russia
- Ukrainian cultural and information center in Sevastopol
- State agency in promotion of culture of Ukraine
Museums under Ministry jurisdictionEdit
- National Art Museum of Ukraine
- Aivazovsky National Art Gallery
- Lviv National Art Gallery
- Lviv National Museum
- Museum of The History of Ukraine in World War II
- National Historical Museum of Ukraine
- National Museum-Preserve "Battle for Kyiv 1943"
- Ukrainian National Chornobyl Museum
- National Museum of Literature of Ukraine
- National Museum of Taras Shevchenko
- National Research Restoration Center of Ukraine
- Directorate of Arts Exhibitions of Ukraine
- National Museum Sanctuary of Ukrainian Pottery
- Memorial to the Holodomor Victims in Ukraine
- Prison on Lontskoho
- Marshal Konev Height
- Historic Museum of Church of the Tithes
Reserves managed by the ministryEdit
- National Historical and Cultural Reserve "Hetman's Capital"
- National Reserve "Khortytsia"
- National Kyiv-Pechersk Historic-Cultural Reserve
- National Reserve "Sophia of Kyiv"
- National Historic-Archeological Reserve "Kamyana Mohyla"
- National Historic-Memorial Reserve "Babyn Yar"
- National Historic-Memorial Reserve "Bykivnia Graves"
- National Historic-Cultural Reserve "Kachanivka"
- National Historic-Cultural Reserve "Chyhyryn"
- National Historic-Memorial Reserve "Fields of Berestechko Battle"
- National Historic-Ethnographic Reserve "Pereyaslav"
- National Reserve Hlukhiv
- National Reserve "Castles of the Ternopil Land"
- National Historic-Architectural Reserve "Kamianets"
- Shevchenko National Reserve in Kaniv
- National Architectural-Historic Reserve "Chernihiv ancient"
- National Reserve "Chersonesos Tuarica"
- National Reserve "Ancient Halych"
List of Ministers of CultureEdit
|Name of Ministry||Name of minister||Term of Office|
|Administration in Art Affairs||Andriy Khvylia||1936||1938|
|Committee in Art Affairs||Oleksandr Korniychuk||1945||1946|
|Ministry of Culture||Kostiantyn Lytvyn||April 10, 1953||July 9, 1956|
|Rostyslav Babiychuk||July 9, 1956||1971|
|Yuri Yelchenko||November 15, 1971||October 15, 1973|
|Oleksiy Romanovsky||October 15, 1973||June 7, 1977|
|Serhiy Bezklubenko||June 7, 1977||September 13, 1983|
|Yuri Olenenko||September 13, 1983||July 7, 1991|
|Larysa Khorolets||July 7, 1991||August 24, 1991|
|Name of Ministry||Name of minister||Term of Office|
|Ministry of Culture||Larysa Khorolets||August 24, 1991||November 17, 1992|
|Ivan Dzyuba||November 17, 1992||August 19, 1994|
|Ministry of Culture and Arts||Dmytro Ostapenko||September 25, 1995||August 4, 1999|
|Yuriy Bohutsky||August 4, 1999||December 7, 1999|
|Bohdan Stupka||December 30, 1999||May 31, 2001|
|Yuriy Bohutsky||June 1, 2001||February 3, 2005|
|Ministry of Culture and Tourism||Oksana Bilozir||February 4, 2005||October 5, 2005|
|Ihor Likhovyi||October 5, 2005||November 1, 2006|
|Yuriy Bohutsky||November 1, 2006||December 18, 2007|
|Vasyl Vovkun||December 18, 2007||March 11, 2010|
|Ministry of Culture||Mykhailo Kulynyak||March 11, 2010||December 24, 2012|
|Leonid Novokhatko||December 24, 2012||27 February 2014|
|Yevhen Nyshchuk||27 February 2014||2 December 2014|
|Vyacheslav Kyrylenko||December 2, 2014||April 14, 2016|
|Yevhen Nyshchuk||April 14, 2016||29 August 2019|
|Minister of Culture, Youth and Sports||Volodymyr Borodiansky||29 August 2019||4 March 2020|
|Minister of Culture and Information Policy||Svitlana Fomenko (acting)||10 March 2020||4 June 2020|
|Oleksandr Tkachenko||4 June 2020||incumbent|
- "Official website of the Ministry. Contact Us".
- Ukraine's new culture minister vows to sell stake in Odesa Film Studio, UNIAN (4 June 2020)
- New Cabinet formed in Ukraine The Rada appointed the new Cabinet: Avakov and Markarova remained (РАДА ПРИЗНАЧИЛА НОВИЙ КАБМІН: АВАКОВ І МАРКАРОВА ЛИШИЛИСЬ), Ukrayinska Pravda (29 August 2019)
- State registry of fixed landmarks of Ukraine. Landmarks of national significance. Ministry of Culture. 11 December 2012
- (in Ukrainian) ЯНУКОВИЧ ПРИЗНАЧИВ НОВИЙ КАБМІН. І КОРОЛЕВСЬКІЙ ДАЛИ КРІСЛО, Ukrayinska Pravda (24 December 2012)
- Maidan nominates Yatseniuk for prime minister, Interfax-Ukraine (26 February 2014)
Ukrainian parliament endorses new cabinet, Interfax-Ukraine (27 February 2014)
- Rada supports coalition-proposed government lineup, Interfax-Ukraine (2 December 2014)
Rada approves new Cabinet with three foreigners, Kyiv Post (2 December 2014)
(in Ukrainian) Rada voted the new Cabinet, Ukrayinska Pravda (2 December 2014)
- New Cabinet formed in Ukraine, UNIAN (14 April 2016)
Bohutskyi, Yu. Ukrainian society in aspect of its organization and self-organization (УКРАЇНСЬКЕ СУСПІЛЬСТВО В АСПЕКТІ ОРГАНІЗАЦІЇ ТА САМООРГАНІЗАЦІЇ). Theory and History of Culture (ТЕОРІЯ ТА ІСТОРІЯ КУЛЬТУРИ).