Ivan Dziuba

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Ivan Dziuba (Ukrainian: Іва́н Миха́йлович Дзю́ба) (born July 26, 1931) is a Ukrainian literary critic, social activist, Russian philologist, dissident, Hero of Ukraine, academic of National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, the second Minister of Culture of Ukraine (1992—1994), Head of the Committee for Shevchenko National Prize (1999–2001).

Ivan Dziuba
Дзюба Іван Михайлович
Ivan Dziuba (2004).jpg
Ivan Dziuba in 2004
Personal details
Born (1931-07-26) July 26, 1931 (age 88)
Mykolaivka, Volnovakha Raion, Ukrainian SSR
Nationality Ukraine
AwardsHero of Ukraine Member of the Order of Liberty Member of the Order of Liberty

Co-Chief of Editorial Board of the Encyclopaedia of Modern Ukraine.

Chief editor of the magazine The Contemporary (Сучасність) in the 1990s, a member of the editorial boards of scientific magazines "Київська старовина", "Слово і час", "Євроатлантика" and others.

BiographyEdit

Born into a peasant family. Until 17 years of age spoke only in Russian language.[1]

In 1932, Ivan's family, fleeing from the famine, moved from their home village to the nearby workers' village Novotroyits'ke for a short time. Later, they moved to Olenevski Quarry (now Dokuchaievsk), where Dziuba finished secondary school № 1.

He graduated from Donetsk Pedagogical Institute, and pursued postgraduate studies in the Shevchenko Institute of Literature. His work was first published in 1959.

In the 1970s, he was subjected to political persecutions for the views he expressed in some publications.

In the end of 1965 Dziuba wrote his work Internationalism or Russification? (London, 1968, and "Motherland" magazine (ukr. "Вітчизна"), 1990, No. 5-7), dealing with the problems threatening national relations in socialist society, which he sent to the Communist authorities. A special commission of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine inspected the text and decided that it was "lampoons on the Soviet reality, the national policy of the CPSU and the practice of communist construction in the USSR." Authorities accused Dziuba of undermining Soviet friendship of peoples, and fueling hatred between the Ukrainian and Russian peoples. In 1972 he was sentenced to 5 years in prison and 5 years in exile. Later he askes for pardon and after 18 months in prison Dziuba was pardoned and hired to work at the newspaper of Antonov Serial Production Plant.

After the change of political situation in the Soviet Union and transition to the independent Ukraine Dziuba became popular. He became co-founder of the People's Movement of Ukraine. From 1991 Dziuba was the head publisher of the Suchasnist Magazine.

Laureate of the Shevchenko Prize, O. Biletsky Prize, Antonovich Fund International Prize, Volodymyr Vernadsky Prize.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

  • Шевченківські лауреати. 1962—2001: Енциклопедичний довідник. — К., 2001. — С. 136—138.

BibliographyEdit

Cultural offices
Preceded by
Volodymyr Yavorivsky
Shevchenko National Prize Committee Chair
1999 – 2005
Succeeded by
Roman Lubkivsky
Government offices
Preceded by
Larysa Khorolets
Minister of Culture
1992 – 1994
Succeeded by
Dmytro Ostapenko
as Minister of Culture and Arts