Minister for Foreign Affairs (Finland)

The Minister for Foreign Affairs (Finnish: ulkoministeri, Swedish: utrikesminister) handles the Finnish Government's foreign policy and relations, and is in charge of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs.[1] The Minister for Foreign Trade and Development is also associated with this ministry.

The current Minister for Foreign Affairs is Pekka Haavisto of Green League.

Constitutional mandateEdit

Section 93 (Competence in the area of foreign policy issues) of the Constitution of Finland says the following:[2]

The foreign policy of Finland is directed by the President of the Republic in co-operation with the Government.

However, the Parliament accepts Finland’s international obligations and their denouncement and decides on the bringing into force of Finland’s international obligations in so far as provided in this Constitution. The President decides on matters of war and peace, with the consent of the Parliament.

The Government is responsible for the national preparation of the decisions to be made in the European Union, and decides on the concomitant Finnish measures, unless the decision requires the approval of the Parliament.

The Parliament participates in the national preparation of decisions to be made in the European Union, as provided in this Constitution.

The communication of important foreign policy positions to foreign States and international organisations is the responsibility of the Minister with competence in foreign affairs.

This last paragraph specifies the constitutional responsibility of the Minister for Foreign Affairs.

List of Ministers for Foreign Affairs[3]Edit

No. Portrait Minister Took office Left office Time in office Party Cabinet
1Otto Stenroth
(1861–1939)
27 May 191827 November 1918184 daysYoung FinnishPaasikivi I
2Carl Enckell
(1876–1959)
27 November 191828 April 1919152 daysIndependentIngman I
K. Castrén
3Rudolf Holsti
(1881–1945)
28 April 191920 May 19223 years, 22 daysNational ProgressiveK. Castrén
Vennola I
Erich
Vennola II
(2)Carl Enckell
(1876–1959)
2 June 192214 November 1922165 daysIndependentCajander I
4Juho Vennola
(1872–1938)
14 November 192218 January 19241 year, 65 daysNational ProgressiveKallio I
(2)Carl Enckell
(1876–1959)
18 January 192431 May 1924134 daysIndependentCajander II
5Hjalmar Procopé
(1889–1954)
31 May 192431 March 1925304 daysSwedish People'sIngman II
6Gustaf Idman
(1885–1961)
31 March 192531 December 1925275 daysIndependentTulenheimo
7Emil Nestor Setälä
(1864–1935)
31 December 192513 December 1926347 daysNational CoalitionKallio II
8Väinö Voionmaa
(1869–1947)
13 December 192617 December 19271 year, 4 daysSocial DemocraticTanner
(5)Hjalmar Procopé
(1889–1954)
17 December 192721 March 19313 years, 94 daysIndependentSunila I
Mantere
Kallio III
Svinhufvud II
9Aarno Yrjö-Koskinen
(1885–1951)
21 March 193114 December 19321 year, 268 daysNational CoalitionSunila II
10Antti Hackzell
(1881–1946)
14 December 19327 October 19363 years, 298 daysIndependentKivimäki
(3)Rudolf Holsti
(1881–1945)
7 October 193616 November 19382 years, 40 daysNational ProgressiveKallio IV
Cajander III
(8)Väinö Voionmaa
(1869–1947)
16 November 19381 December 193815 daysSocial DemocraticCajander III
11Eljas Erkko
(1881–1945)
12 December 19381 December 1939354 daysNational ProgressiveCajander III
12Väinö Tanner
(1881–1966)
1 December 193927 March 1940117 daysSocial DemocraticRyti I
13Rolf Witting
(1879–1944)
27 March 19405 March 19432 years, 343 daysSwedish People'sRyti II
Rangell
14Carl Henrik Ramsay
(1886–1951)
5 March 19438 August 19441 year, 156 daysSwedish People'sLinkomies
(2)Carl Enckell
(1876–1959)
8 August 194417 March 19505 years, 221 daysIndependentHackzell
U. Castrén
Paasikivi II-III
Pekkala
Fagerholm I
15Åke Gartz
(1888–1974)
17 March 195020 September 19511 year, 187 daysIndependentKekkonen I-II
16Sakari Tuomioja
(1911–1964)
20 September 195126 November 19521 year, 67 daysIndependentKekkonen III
17Urho Kekkonen
(1900–1986)
26 November 19529 July 1953225 daysCentreKekkonen III
18Ralf Törngren
(1899–1961)
9 July 19535 May 1954300 daysSwedish People'sKekkonen IV
Tuomioja
(17)Urho Kekkonen
(1900–1986)
5 May 195420 October 1954168 daysCentreTörngren
19Johannes Virolainen
(1914–2000)
20 October 19543 March 19561 year, 135 daysCentreKekkonen V
(18)Ralf Törngren
(1899–1961)
3 March 195627 May 19571 year, 85 daysSwedish People'sFagerholm II
(19)Johannes Virolainen
(1914–2000)
27 May 195729 November 1957186 daysCentreSukselainen I
20Paavo Hynninen
(1883–1960)
29 November 195729 August 1958273 daysIndependentFieandt
Kuuskoski
(19)Johannes Virolainen
(1914–2000)
29 August 19584 December 195897 daysCentreFagerholm III
21Karl-August Fagerholm
(1901–1984)
4 December 195813 January 195940 daysSocial DemocraticFagerholm III
(18)Ralf Törngren
(1899–1961)
13 January 195916 May 19612 years, 123 daysSwedish People'sSukselainen II
22V. J. Sukselainen
(1906–1995)
Acting
16 May 196119 June 196134 daysCentreSukselainen II
23Ahti Karjalainen
(1923–1990)
19 June 196113 April 1962298 daysCentreSukselainen II
Miettunen I
24Veli Merikoski
(1905–1982)
13 April 196218 December 19631 year, 249 daysPeople'sKarjalainen I
25Jaakko Hallama
(1917–1996)
18 December 196312 September 1964269 daysIndependentLehto
(23)Ahti Karjalainen
(1923–1990)
12 September 196414 May 19705 years, 244 daysCentreVirolainen
Paasio I
Koivisto I
26Väinö Leskinen
(1917–1972)
14 May 197029 October 19711 year, 168 daysIndependentAura I
Karjalainen II
27Olavi J. Mattila
(1918–2013)
29 October 197123 February 1972117 daysIndependentAura II
28Kalevi Sorsa
(1930–2004)
23 February 19724 September 1972194 daysSocial DemocraticPaasio II
(23)Ahti Karjalainen
(1923–1990)
4 September 197213 June 19752 years, 282 daysCentreSorsa I
(27)Olavi J. Mattila
(1918–2013)
13 June 197530 November 1975170 daysIndependentLiinamaa
(28)Kalevi Sorsa
(1930–2004)
30 November 197529 September 1976304 daysSocial DemocraticMiettunen II
29Keijo Korhonen
(born 1934)
29 September 197615 May 1977228 daysCentreMiettunen III
30Paavo Väyrynen
(born 1946)
15 May 197719 February 19824 years, 280 daysCentreSorsa II
Koivisto II
31Pär Stenbäck
(born 1941)
19 February 19826 May 19831 year, 76 daysSwedish People'sSorsa III
(30)Paavo Väyrynen
(born 1946)
6 May 198330 April 19873 years, 359 daysCentreSorsa IV
(28)Kalevi Sorsa
(1930–2004)
30 April 198731 January 19891 year, 276 daysSocial DemocraticHolkeri
32Pertti Paasio
(1939–2020)
31 January 198926 April 19912 years, 85 daysSocial DemocraticHolkeri
(30)Paavo Väyrynen
(born 1946)
26 April 19915 May 19932 years, 9 daysCentreAho
33Heikki Haavisto
(born 1935)
5 May 19933 February 19951 year, 274 daysCentreAho
34Paavo Rantanen
(born 1934)
3 February 199513 April 199569 daysIndependentAho
35Tarja Halonen
(born 1943)
13 April 199525 February 20004 years, 318 daysSocial DemocraticLipponen I-II
36Erkki Tuomioja
(born 1946)
25 February 200019 April 20077 years, 53 daysSocial DemocraticLipponen II
Jäätteenmakki
Vanhanen I
37Ilkka Kanerva
(born 1948)
19 April 20074 April 2008351 daysNational CoalitionVanhanen II
38Alexander Stubb
(born 1968)
4 April 200822 June 20113 years, 79 daysNational CoalitionVanhanen II
Kiviniemi
(36)Erkki Tuomioja
(born 1946)
22 June 201129 May 20153 years, 341 daysSocial DemocraticKatainen
Stubb
39Timo Soini
(born 1962)
29 May 20156 June 20194 years, 8 daysFinnsSipilä
40Pekka Haavisto
(born 1958)
6 June 2019Incumbent1 year, 60 daysGreen LeagueRinne
Marin

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The organisation of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs". Retrieved 2018-03-21.
  2. ^ Constitution of Finland. Finnish Government. 2000.
  3. ^ "List of Ministers of Foreign Affairs". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2009-01-17.

External linksEdit