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Minister for Foreign Affairs (Finland)

The Minister for Foreign Affairs (Finnish: ulkoministeri, Swedish: utrikesminister) handles the Finnish Government's foreign policy and relations, and is in charge of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs.[1] The Minister for Foreign Trade and Development is also associated with this ministry.

The current Minister for Foreign Affairs is Pekka Haavisto of Green League.

Constitutional mandateEdit

Section 93 (Competence in the area of foreign policy issues) of the Constitution of Finland says the following:[2]

The foreign policy of Finland is directed by the President of the Republic in co-operation with the Government.

However, the Parliament accepts Finland’s international obligations and their denouncement and decides on the bringing into force of Finland’s international obligations in so far as provided in this Constitution. The President decides on matters of war and peace, with the consent of the Parliament.

The Government is responsible for the national preparation of the decisions to be made in the European Union, and decides on the concomitant Finnish measures, unless the decision requires the approval of the Parliament.

The Parliament participates in the national preparation of decisions to be made in the European Union, as provided in this Constitution.

The communication of important foreign policy positions to foreign States and international organisations is the responsibility of the Minister with competence in foreign affairs.

This last paragraph specifies the constitutional responsibility of the Minister for Foreign Affairs.

List of Ministers for Foreign AffairsEdit

Minister for Foreign Affairs Party In office [3]
Otto Stenroth Young Finnish Party 1918
Carl Enckell Non-partisan 1918–1919
Rudolf Holsti National Progressive Party 1919–1922
Carl Enckell Non-partisan 1922
Juho Vennola National Progressive Party 1922–1924
Carl Enckell Non-partisan 1924
Hjalmar Procopé Swedish People's Party 1924–1925
Gustaf Idman Non-partisan 1925
Emil Nestor Setälä National Coalition Party 1925–1926
Väinö Voionmaa Social Democratic Party 1926–1927
Hjalmar Procopé Non-partisan 1927–1931
Aarno Yrjö-Koskinen National Coalition Party 1931–1932
Antti Hackzell Non-partisan 1932–1936
Rudolf Holsti National Progressive Party 1936–1938
Väinö Voionmaa Social Democratic Party 1938
Eljas Erkko National Progressive Party 1938–1939
Väinö Tanner Social Democratic Party 1939–1940
Rolf Witting Swedish People's Party 1940–1943
Carl Henrik Ramsay Swedish People's Party 1943–1944
Carl Enckell Non-partisan 1944–1950
Åke Gartz Non-partisan 1950–1951
Sakari Tuomioja Non-partisan 1951–1952
Urho Kekkonen Agrarian League 1952–1953
Ralf Törngren Swedish People's Party 1953–1954
Urho Kekkonen Agrarian League 1954
Johannes Virolainen Agrarian League 1954–1956
Ralf Törngren Swedish People's Party 1956–1957
Johannes Virolainen Agrarian League 1957
Paavo Hynninen Non-partisan 1957–1958
Johannes Virolainen Agrarian League 1958
Karl-August Fagerholm Social Democratic Party 1958–1959
Ralf Törngren Swedish People's Party 1959–1961
Ahti Karjalainen Agrarian League 1961–1962
Veli Merikoski People's Party 1962–1963
Jaakko Hallama Non-partisan 1963–1964
Ahti Karjalainen Centre Party 1964–1970
Väinö Leskinen Social Democratic Party 1970–1971
Olavi J. Mattila Non-partisan 1971–1972
Kalevi Sorsa Social Democratic Party 1972
Ahti Karjalainen Centre Party 1972–1975
Olavi J. Mattila Non-partisan 1975
Kalevi Sorsa Social Democratic Party 1975–1976
Keijo Korhonen Centre Party 1976–1977
Paavo Väyrynen Centre Party 1977–1982
Pär Stenbäck Swedish People's Party 1982–1983
Paavo Väyrynen Centre Party 1983–1987
Kalevi Sorsa Social Democratic Party 1987–1989
Pertti Paasio Social Democratic Party 1989–1991
Paavo Väyrynen Centre Party 1991–1993
Heikki Haavisto Centre Party 1993–1995
Paavo Rantanen Non-partisan 1995
Tarja Halonen Social Democratic Party 1995–2000
Erkki Tuomioja Social Democratic Party 2000–2007
Ilkka Kanerva National Coalition Party 2007–2008
Alexander Stubb National Coalition Party 2008–2011
Erkki Tuomioja Social Democratic Party 2011–2015
Timo Soini Finns Party / Blue Reform 2015–2019
Pekka Haavisto Green League 2019–

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The organisation of the Ministry for Foreign Affairs". Retrieved 2018-03-21.
  2. ^ Constitution of Finland. Finnish Government. 2000.
  3. ^ "List of Ministers of Foreign Affairs". Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

External linksEdit