Minister of Defence (Finland)

The Minister of Defence (Finnish: puolustusministeri, Swedish: försvarsminister) is a member of the Finnish Council of State. As the head of the Ministry of Defence, the minister is responsible for the administration of national defence. The ministry is headquartered in Helsinki. The current Minister of Defence is Antti Kaikkonen.

Minister of Defence of the Republic of Finland
Puolustusministeri
Försvarsminister
Flag of the Minister of Defence (Finland).svg
Flag of the Minister of Defence
Antti Kaikkonen in 2019.jpg
Incumbent
Antti Kaikkonen

since 6 June 2019
Ministry of Defence
Member ofCabinet
SeatHelsinki, Finland
NominatorPrime Minister
AppointerPresident
Term lengthFour years (de facto)
Formation1918; 104 years ago (1918)
First holderWilhelm Thesleff
Websitewww.defmin.fi/english

From June to November 1918 the post was called Chief of the War Department, and from then until 1922 the post was called the Minister of War.

The President of the Republic is the commander-in-chief of the Finnish Defence Forces. The commander of the military forces is the Chief of Defence.

Ministry OfficesEdit

 

Finnish Ministry of Defence Offices consists of two wings:

  • South Makasiinikatu 8 since - Built by CL Engel as barracks for the Finnish Guard in 1922 and destroyed in 1944 and rebuilt by retaining the original walls from 1954-1956 and used as Defense Headquarters since 1956[1]
  • Fabiansgatan 2 - newer wing was built in 1961 by Finnish architects Viljo Revell and Heikki Castrén.

Previous Ministry OfficesEdit

  • Eteläesplanadi 10 - 1918-1921 it was located here and now home to Ministry of Justice
  • Korkeavuorenkatu 21 (Ohrana House) - relocated in 1921 and here until beginning of World War II; now Finnish Border Guard Headquarters
  • Snellmaninkatu 4-6 - moved here 1941 to 1956 which now home to Finnish Financial Supervision Authority

List of Ministers of DefenceEdit

[2][3]

No. Portrait Minister Took office Left office Time in office Party Cabinet
1Vilhelm Thesleff
(1880–1941)
27 May 191827 November 1918184 daysIndependentPaasikivi I
2Rudolf Walden
(1878–1946)
27 November 191815 August 1919261 daysIndependentIngman
K. Castrén
3Karl Emil Berg
(1869–1921)
15 August 191915 March 1920213 daysIndependentVennola I
4Bruno Jalander
(1872–1966)
15 March 19209 April 19211 year, 25 daysIndependentErich
5Onni Hämäläinen
(1885–1954)
9 April 19213 September 1921147 daysIndependentVennola II
(4)Bruno Jalander
(1872–1966)
3 September 192122 June 19231 year, 292 daysIndependentVennola II
Cajander I
Kallio I
6Kyösti Kallio
(1873–1940)
22 June 192316 August 192355 daysCentreKallio I
7Vilho Nenonen
(1883–1960)
16 August 192318 January 1924155 daysIndependentKallio I
8Viktor Henrik Schvindt
(1866–1928)
18 January 192411 March 192453 daysIndependentCajander II
9Ivar Aminoff
(1868–1931)
11 March 192431 May 192481 daysIndependentCajander II
10Lauri Malmberg
(1888–1948)
31 May 192431 March 1925304 daysIndependentIngman II
11Aleksander Lampén
(1879–1935)
31 March 192531 December 1925275 daysNational CoalitionTulenheimo
12Leonard Hjelmman
(1869–1952)
31 December 192513 December 1926347 daysNational CoalitionKallio II
13Kaarlo Heinonen
(1878–1944)
13 December 192617 December 19271 year, 4 daysSocial DemocraticTanner
14Jalo Lahdensuo
(1882–1973)
17 December 192722 December 19281 year, 5 daysCentreSunila I
15Aimo Cajander
(1879–1943)
22 December 192816 August 1929237 daysNational ProgressiveMantere
16Juho Niukkanen
(1888–1954)
16 August 19294 July 1930322 daysCentreKallio III
17Albin Manner
(1888–1954)
10 July 193021 March 1931254 daysCentreSvinhufvud II
(14)Jalo Lahdensuo
(1882–1973)
21 March 193114 December 19321 year, 268 daysCentreSunila II
18Arvi Oksala
(1891–1949)
14 December 193212 March 19374 years, 88 daysIndependentKivimäki
Kallio IV
(16)Juho Niukkanen
(1888–1954)
12 March 193727 March 19403 years, 15 daysCentreCajander III
Ryti I
(2)Rudolf Walden
(1878–1946)
27 March 19401 December 19444 years, 249 daysIndependentRyti II
Rangell
Linkomies
Hackzell
U. Castrén
Paasikivi II
19Väinö Valve
(1895–1995)
1 December 194417 April 1945137 daysIndependentPaasikivi II
20Mauno Pekkala
(1890–1952)
17 April 194527 March 1946344 daysLeft AlliancePaasikivi III
Pekkala
21Yrjö Kallinen
(1886–1976)
27 March 194629 July 19482 years, 124 daysSocial DemocraticPekkala
22Emil Skog
(1897–1981)
29 July 194817 March 19501 year, 231 daysSocial DemocraticFagerholm I
23Kustaa Tiitu
(1896–1990)
17 March 195017 January 1951306 daysCentreKekkonen I
(22)Emil Skog
(1897–1981)
17 January 19519 July 19532 years, 173 daysSocial DemocraticKekkonen II-III
24Kauno Kleemola
(1906–1965)
9 July 195317 November 1953131 daysCentreKekkonen IV
25Päiviö Hetemäki
(1913–1980)
17 November 19535 May 1954169 daysNational CoalitionTuomioja
(22)Emil Skog
(1897–1981)
5 May 195427 May 19573 years, 22 daysSocial DemocraticTörngren
Kekkonen V
Fagerholm II
26Atte Pakkanen
(1912–1994)
27 May 19572 September 195798 daysCentreSukselainen I
27Pekka Malinen
(1921–2004)
2 September 195729 November 195788 daysLiberalsSukselainen I
28Kalle Lehmus
(1907–1987)
29 November 195726 April 1958148 daysIndependentvon Fieandt
29Edvard Björkenheim
(1901–1965)
26 April 195829 August 1958125 daysIndependentKuuskoski
30Toivo Wiherheimo
(1898–1970)
29 August 195813 January 1959137 daysNational CoalitionFagerholm II
31Leo Häppölä
(1911–1998)
13 January 195914 July 19612 years, 182 daysCentreSukselainen II
(29)Edvard Björkenheim
(1901–1965)
14 July 196113 April 1962273 daysCentreMiettunen I
32Arvo Pentti
(1915–1986)
13 April 196218 December 19631 year, 249 daysCentreKarjalainen I
33Kaarlo Leinonen
(1914–1975)
18 December 196312 September 1964269 daysIndependentLehto
(32)Arvo Pentti
(1915–1986)
12 September 196427 May 19661 year, 257 daysCentreVirolainen
34Sulo Suorttanen
(1921–2005)
27 May 196614 May 19703 years, 352 daysCentrePaasio I
Koivisto I
(32)Arvo Pentti
(1915–1986)
14 May 197015 July 197062 daysIndependentAura I
35Kristian Gestrin
(1929–1990)
15 July 197029 October 19711 year, 106 daysSwedish People'sKarjalainen II
(32)Arvo Pentti
(1915–1986)
29 October 197123 February 1972117 daysIndependentAura II
36Sulo Hostila
(1920–2002)
23 February 19724 September 1972194 daysSocial DemocraticPaasio II
(35)Kristian Gestrin
(1929–1990)
4 September 197230 September 19742 years, 26 daysSwedish People'sSorsa I
37Carl-Olaf Homén
(born 1936)
1 October 197413 June 1975255 daysSwedish People'sSorsa I
38Erkki Huurtamo
(1917–1999)
13 June 197530 November 1975170 daysIndependentLiinamaa
39Ingvar S. Melin
(1932–2011)
30 November 197529 September 1976304 daysSwedish People'sMiettunen II
40Seppo Westerlund
(1930–2014)
29 September 197615 May 1977228 daysLiberalsMiettunen II
41Taisto Tähkämaa
(born 1924)
15 May 197726 May 19792 years, 11 daysCentreSorsa II
42Lasse Äikäs
(1932–1988)
26 May 197919 February 19822 years, 269 daysCentreKoivisto II
43Juhani Saukkonen
(born 1937)
19 February 19826 May 19831 year, 76 daysCentreSorsa III
44Veikko Pihlajamäki
(1922–2007)
6 May 198330 April 19873 years, 359 daysCentreSorsa IV
45Ole Norrback
(born 1941)
30 April 198713 June 19903 years, 44 daysSwedish People'sHolkeri
46Elisabeth Rehn
(born 1935)
13 June 19901 January 19954 years, 202 daysSwedish People'sHolkeri
Aho
47Jan-Erik Enestam
(born 1947)
2 January 199513 April 1995101 daysSwedish People'sAho
48Anneli Taina
(born 1951)
13 April 199515 April 19994 years, 2 daysNational CoalitionLipponen I
(47)Jan-Erik Enestam
(born 1947)
15 April 199917 April 20034 years, 2 daysSwedish People'sLipponen II
49Matti Vanhanen
(born 1955)
17 April 200324 June 200368 daysCentreJäätteenmäki
50Seppo Kääriäinen
(born 1948)
24 June 200319 April 20073 years, 299 daysCentreVanhanen I
51Jyri Häkämies
(born 1961)
19 April 200722 June 20114 years, 64 daysNational CoalitionVanhanen II
Kiviniemi
52Stefan Wallin
(born 1967)
22 June 20115 July 20121 year, 13 daysSwedish People'sKatainen
53Carl Haglund
(born 1979)
5 July 201229 May 20152 years, 328 daysSwedish People'sKatainen
Stubb
54Jussi Niinistö
(born 1970)
29 May 20156 June 20194 years, 8 daysFinnsSipilä
55Antti Kaikkonen
(born 1974)
6 June 2019Incumbent2 years, 234 daysCentreRinne
Marin

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.defmin.fi/ministerio/puolustusministerio/historiaa (Finnish)
  2. ^ "Council of State - Ministers of War". Valtioneuvosto.fi. Retrieved 30 December 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  3. ^ "Council of State - Ministers of Defence". Valtioneuvosto.fi. Archived from the original on 29 March 2019. Retrieved 30 December 2017.

External linksEdit