Mine workers council elections in the First Czechoslovak Republic

Between 1920 and 1936 miners in Czechoslovakia elected representative councils.[1] Several different trade unions, representing various different political tendencies, contested the elections.

A law for work councils in the mining industry was passed in June, 1920, being the first such law in Czechoslovakia.[2] Councils were elected with tenures of two years.[3] Elections to local mining councils were held at all mines with 20 employees or more.[4] The condition to stand as a candidate was to be a Czechoslovak citizen aged 24 years or older, who had worked at the mine for minimum six months over the past 3 years.[4] In order to vote in the election one had to be a Czechoslovak citizen aged 18 years or older, and having worked at least three months in the past 2 years.[4] Each council had two advisers representing the management, one technical and one commercial.[4]

ResultsEdit

Summary of 1928 election resultsEdit

Per Dubský (1984), the elections held in 1928 yielded the following result across the country;

Union Political
affiliation
North
Bohemia
Falkenov Plzeň Kladno Žacléř Ostrava Rosice-
Oslavany
Slovakia Total
Mezinárodní všeodborový svaz – sekce horníků
('International All-Union League - Miners Section')
Communist 115 10 18 66 3 125 21 34 392
Svaz horníků v Československé republice
('Miners' Union of the Czechoslovak Republic')
Czechoslovak Social Democrat 56 34 27 1 130 42 79 369
Union der Bergarbeiter
('Union of Miners')
German Social Democrat (DSAP) 178 95 17 9 9 308
Národní sdružení odborových organizací
('National Association of Trade Union Organizations')
Czechoslovak National Democracy[5] 12 12 1 50 75
Jednota horníků a hutníků
('Unity of Miners and Ironworkers')
Czechoslovak National Socialist 31 1 2 3 13 50
Sdružení československých horníků
('Association of Czechoslovak Miners')
Syndicalist[6] 23 1 2 26
Deutschsozialistische Bergarbeiterverband
('German Socialist Miners' Union')
German National Socialist 22 3 25
Svaz křesťanských horníků a hutníků
('Union of Christian Miners and Ironworkers')
Czechoslovak People's Party[7][8][9] 2 1 10 2 8 23
Others 14 18 3 2 37
Total 451 126 72 109 20 341 65 121 1,305

[1]

Results in 3 Bohemian districts 1924-1936Edit

Per Oellermann (2013), having slightly different estimates than Dubský, the work council elections in Northern Bohemia, Falkenov and Trautenau had the following composition;

Northern BohemiaEdit

Union Political
affiliation
1924 1926 1929 1931 1933 1936
Union der Bergarbeiter
('Union of Miners')
German Social Democrat 204 188 180 162 123 132
Svaz horníků v Československé republice
('Miners' Union of the Czechoslovak Republic')
Czechoslovak Social Democrat 60 58 54 59 55 62
Sdružení československých horníků
('Association of Czechoslovak Miners')
Syndicalist 50 35 12
Mezinárodní všeodborový svaz – sekce horníků
('International All-Union League - Miners Section')
Communist 86 97 113
Průmyslový svaz horníků
('Industrial Miners' Union')
Communist 86 78 46
Jednota horníků a hutníků
('Unity of Miners and Ironworkers')
Czechoslovak National Socialist 30 30 31 44 39 35
Deutschsozialistische Bergarbeiterverband
('German Socialist Miners' Union')
German National Socialist 25 24 21 38 67

[10]

FalkenovEdit

Union Political
affiliation
1924 1926 1929 1931 1933 1936
Union der Bergarbeiter
('Union of Miners')
German Social Democrat 102 10 95 89 87 66
Svaz horníků v Československé republice
('Miners' Union of the Czechoslovak Republic')
Czechoslovak Social Democrat 4 2
Mezinárodní všeodborový svaz – sekce horníků
('International All-Union League - Miners Section')
Communist 3 6 10
Průmyslový svaz horníků
('Industrial Miners' Union')
Communist 5 8 6
Deutschsozialistische Bergarbeiterverband
('German Socialist Miners' Union')
German National Socialist 3 6 7
Deutschen Arbeitergewerkschaft
('German Workers Trade Union')
Sudeten German Party[11] 35
Fachverbandes der Berg- und Hüttenarbeiter u.v.B. „Solidarität“
('Trade Union of Miners, Ironworkers and related professions "Solidarity"')
25 22 18 14 12

[10]

TratenauEdit

Union Political
affiliation
1924 1926 1929 1931 1933 1936
Union der Bergarbeiter
('Union of Miners')
German Social Democrat 17 10 12 11 9 9
Svaz horníků v Československé republice
('Miners' Union of the Czechoslovak Republic')
Czechoslovak Social Democrat 1 1 1 1 1 1
Sdružení československých horníků
('Association of Czechoslovak Miners')
Syndicalist 4
Mezinárodní všeodborový svaz – sekce horníků
('International All-Union League - Miners Section')
Communist 8 4 3
Průmyslový svaz horníků
('Industrial Miners' Union')
Communist 1 2 4
Jednota horníků a hutníků
('Unity of Miners and Ironworkers')
Czechoslovak National Socialist 3 3 3 4 4
Deutschsozialistische Bergarbeiterverband
('German Socialist Miners' Union')
German National Socialist 2 5 4 5 5
Národní sdružení
('National Association')
Czechoslovak National Democracy 1 4 4
Verband der christlichen Berg. und Hüttenarbeiter
('Union of Christian Miners and Ironworkers')
German Christian-Social 2 5
Independents 3 3 3 3

[10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Vladimír Dubský (1984). Závodní výbory a rady v předmnichovském Československu. Práce. p. 271, 274.
  2. ^ Boris Stern (1925). Works Council Movement in Germany. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 95.
  3. ^ Sociálni ústav C ̆eskoslovenské Republiky, Prague (1924). Social Policy in the Czechoslovak Republic. "Orbis" publishing Company. p. 80.
  4. ^ a b c d The Czechoslovak Review. Bohemian Review Company. 1924. p. 153.
  5. ^ Joan Campbell; John P. Windmuller (1992). European Labor Unions. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 83. ISBN 978-0-313-26371-2.
  6. ^ Masaryk University. Sdružení československých horníků - představitelé revolučního syndikalismu
  7. ^ Masarykova akademie präce, Prague. Üstav pro technichë hospodärs̈tvï prümyslovë (1925). Knihovna. p. 160.
  8. ^ Ročenka Československé republiky. 1926. p. 194.
  9. ^ Miloš Trapl (1995). Political Catholicism and the Czechoslovak People's Party in Czechoslovakia, 1918-1938. Social Science Monographs. p. 75. ISBN 978-0-88033-306-1.
  10. ^ a b c Oellerman, Thomas. Mehr als nur eine Partei. Die deutsche Sozialdemokratie in der Tschechoslowakischen Republik 1918-1938
  11. ^ Peter Glotz (1990). München 1938: das Ende des alten Europa. R. Hobbing. p. 189. ISBN 978-3-920460-55-0.