Czechoslovak National Democracy

The Czechoslovak National Democracy (Czech: Československá národní demokracie), called also Czechoslovak National Democratic Party (Czech: Československá strana národně demokratická), was a First Republic right-wing political party in Czechoslovakia.

Czechoslovak National Democracy
Československá národní demokracie
AbbreviationČsND
PresidentDr. Karel Kramář
Founded25 March 1919 (1919-03-25)
Dissolved27 October 1934 (1934-10-27)
Merger ofYoung Czechs, State's Right Progressives, Moravian Progressive Party, Moravian-Silesian People's Party
Czech Constitutionalist Progressive Party
Merged intoNational Unification
HeadquartersPrague, Bohemia, Czechoslovakia
NewspaperThe National Newspaper
Youth wingYoung Generation
IdeologyNational liberalism[1][2]
National conservatism[2]
Czechoslovak nationalism[2]
Political positionRight-wing
Colours  Dark blue

HistoryEdit

The party was established in 1918 by a merger of the Free-minded National Party ("Young Czechs") and several smaller parties such as the State's Rights Progressives, Moravian Progressive Party, and the Moravian-Silesian People's Party. It was initially known as the Czech Constitutional Democratic Party.[3] It formed the first provisional government led by Karel Kramář, and the following year it was renamed the National Democracy.[3]

In 1935 the party merged with the National League and the National Front to form the National Unification.[3]

Electoral resultsEdit

Chamber of Deputies
Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1920 387,552 (#6) 6.25
19 / 281
Karel Kramář
1925 284,628 (#12) 4.1
13 / 300
  6 Karel Kramář
1929 359,547 (#9) 4.9
15 / 300
  2 Karel Kramář
1935 458,351 (#8) 5.6
17 / 300
  2 Karel Kramář
Senate
Election year # of
overall votes
% of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
1920 354,561 (#6) 6.78
10 / 142
Karel Kramář
1925 256,360 (#11) 4.2
7 / 150
  3 Karel Kramář
1929 325,023 (#9) 5.0
8 / 150
  1 Karel Kramář
1935 410,095 (#8) 5.6
9 / 150
  1 Karel Kramář

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Suppan, Arnold (2004). Catholic People's Parties in East Central Europe: The Bohemian Lands and Slovakia. Political Catholicism in Europe 1918-1945. Vol. 1. Routledge. p. 179.
  2. ^ a b c Hloušek, Vít; Kopeček, Lubomír (2010). Origin, Ideology and Transformation of Political Parties: East-Central and Western Europe Compared. Farnham, Surrey and Burlington, VT: Ashgate. p. 165.
  3. ^ a b c Vincent E McHale (1983) Political parties of Europe, Greenwood Press, p145 ISBN 0-313-23804-9