Andonis Michaelides (Greek: Αντώνης Μιχαηλίδης; 24 July 1958 – 4 January 2011), better known as Mick Karn, was an English-Cypriot musician and songwriter who rose to fame as the bassist for the art rock/new wave band Japan. His distinctive fretless bass sound and melodic playing style were a trademark of the band's sound.
Karn in November 1982
|Birth name||Andonis Michaelides|
|Born||24 July 1958|
|Died||4 January 2011 (aged 52)|
|Genres||Avant-garde, experimental rock, post-punk, new wave|
|Instruments||Bass, bass clarinet, keyboards, saxophone, oboe|
|Labels||Virgin, CMP, Medium Productions|
|Associated acts||Japan, Dalis Car, JBK, Polytown, NiNa, No-Man, the d.e.p., David Torn, Andy Rinehart, Yoshihiro Hanno|
The band Japan, whose other members included David Sylvian, keyboardist Richard Barbieri and Sylvian's brother Steve Jansen as drummer, began as a group of friends, who all studied at Catford Boys' School. As youngsters they played music as a means of escape, playing Sylvian's two-chord numbers – sometimes with Karn as the front man, sometimes with Sylvian at the fore. Guitarist Rob Dean joined the band later.
They christened themselves Japan in 1974, signed a recording contract with German disco label Hansa, with whom they recorded three studio albums and became an alternative glam rock outfit in the mould of David Bowie, T.Rex, and The New York Dolls. They switched to Virgin Records to record their subsequent albums Gentlemen Take Polaroids and Tin Drum.
As the band started to achieve commercial success with the release of Tin Drum, and "Ghosts", which reached the top five in 1982, tensions and personality conflicts between band members rose; Tin Drum was to be the band's final studio album. Long-simmering differences among the bandmembers came to a head when Karn's girlfriend, photographer Yuka Fujii, moved in with Sylvian and the individual members forged ahead with their own projects. Karn said in an interview that as tensions with their record company had abated following Japan's commercial success, band members began focusing on personal differences rather than on the common enemy.
Session work and solo projectsEdit
Karn played bass guitar and saxophone on Gary Numan's 1981 top ten hit "She's Got Claws" and tracks on the song's parent album, Dance. In November 1982, Karn released his first solo album, Titles, just as Japan had announced their split. In 1982 Karn wrote some material with Michael Finbarr Murphy guitarist and writer for Heatwave, Alan Murphy of Level 42, and Diana Ross among others. They did some low key gigs around London during the summer of 1982, and then went their separate ways. In 1983, he collaborated with Midge Ure on the UK top 40 single "After a Fashion", and in 1984, he formed Dalis Car with Peter Murphy. The duo released one album, The Waking Hour, in late 1984. In the 1990s he worked with artist David Torn, Andy Rinehart and a number of Japanese musicians, and formed the multinational new wave band, NiNa. Latterly, he worked as a solo artist.
Karn contributed to recordings by other artists, playing bass guitar on Bill Nelson's Chimera mini-LP, bass guitar and saxophone on Gary Numan's 1981 album Dance, and also played with Kate Bush and Joan Armatrading. In the 1990s he started the Medium Productions label along with Steve Jansen and Richard Barbieri, two of his fellow former Japan-members. and Debi Zornes (label management and artist co-ordination). In 2006, the MK Music imprint was established, by Karn and Debi Zornes—and beginning with 2006's Three Part Species, all releases, including the autobiography, have the MK Music logo on them.
In 2001, Karn began to work with Gota Yashiki, Vivian Hsu, Masahide Sakuma, and Masami Tsuchiya in the band The d.e.p., or doggy eels project. In 2001, he worked with Paul Wong on his "Yellow Paul Wong" release. Karn left London in 2004 to live in Cyprus with his wife and son, financially enabling himself to keep working as a musician/artist. In 2009, Karn also released his autobiography, titled Japan & Self Existence, available through his website and Lulu, which details his music career, his interests in sculpture and painting, his childhood, relationships, and family.
On 30 August 2010, Peter Murphy disclosed via video message (subsequently removed/hidden) on his personal Facebook profile that he would be reuniting with Karn for a week in London, perhaps in November, to begin writing and recording for a second Dalis Car album. Murphy also added that this would be the first time the two had seen each other since 1983. The project was cut short, however, as Karn had recently been diagnosed with cancer. After his death, five of the tracks they did record were released on 5 April 2012 as an EP entitled InGladAloneness. The tracks were mixed by Steve Jansen, mastered by Pieter Snaper in Istanbul and the artwork for the EP was created by Thomas Bak with a painting by Jarosław Kukowski.
Karn was essentially a self-taught musician, stating, "I rely very much on my ears. If it sounds as if it's the right thing, then I'll keep it—even if it may not be." His first musical instrument was bassoon, with which he attended and passed an LSSO audition. After his bassoon was stolen from him, he purchased a bass guitar for £5. It was then he joined up with David Batt (Sylvian), who played acoustic guitar.
Karn was principally the bassist within Japan, but also played all the wind instruments, including the saxophone; on Tin Drum, he played the Chinese suona (credited as "dida") for the authentic oriental sound. Karn's use of the fretless bass guitar, a relatively unusual instrument in modern popular music, produces a distinctive sound and playing style, which makes his playing immediately recognisable.
Karn played an aluminium-neck Travis Bean bass on all Japan albums up to Gentlemen Take Polaroids. In 1981 he moved to Wal basses, purchasing two Mark I instruments, one with rare African tulipwood facings, the other a cherry solidbody. Karn recorded Japan's last studio album Tin Drum with the Wal and had continued to use these, along with a headless Klein K Bass.
Sculpture and paintingEdit
Karn was a self-taught sculptor working in mainly clay although he explored other mediums. He held several exhibitions. He also painted in oils and experimented with using ceramic on the canvas to create a 3D effect. He was photographed in the early 1980s by Steve Jansen. Several of his paintings were used as sleeve covers for his music including, "Buoy" and "The Concrete Twin". His sculpture "Mask of Confidence", combining his hands with the arms, upper torso and face of photographer Yuka Fujii, was used as the inner sleeve cover for Kajagoogoo's Islands album. Karn, influenced by Chinese edible folk sculpture dating back thousands of years, also experimented in designing and creating edible life size portraiture, some of which were showcased at his restaurant "The Penguin Cafe". Karn said, "There was a definite change in style when I stopped using self-hardening clay in the mid '80s and began sculpting with more conventional clay. Finding it much more malleable, the pieces could be worked on a larger scale and needn't be focused, as was the case previously, on small detail." He continued to sculpt throughout his life and eventually learned to fire his own pieces.
Illness and deathEdit
In June 2010, Karn announced on his website that he had been diagnosed with advanced-stage cancer, though the specific type of cancer was not mentioned. According to David Torn, Karn's cancer had apparently already spread and he was undergoing chemotherapy. The website announcement stated that Karn had been struggling financially for some time, and appealed for donations to help pay for his medical care and provide financial assistance for his family. In addition, several people Karn has worked with, in particular Midge Ure, Porcupine Tree, and Masami Tsuchiya, announced concerts in support of the appeal. According to a website update dated 3 September 2010, the funds raised by the appeal enabled Karn and his family to move back to London, where Karn received treatment. However, the cancer had spread beyond the possibility of treatment, and he died at his home in London on 4 January 2011.
- Titles (Virgin, 1982) – UK No. 74
- The Waking Hour as Dalis Car with Peter Murphy (Beggars Banquet, 1984) – UK No. 84
- Dreams of Reason Produce Monsters featuring David Sylvian (Virgin, 1987) – UK No. 89
- Lonely Universe as Michael White, Michel Lambert, David Torn, Mick Karn (CMP, 1990)
- Bestial Cluster (CMP, 1993)
- Polytown as David Torn, Mick Karn, Terry Bozzio (CMP, 1994)
- The Tooth Mother (CMP, 1995)
- Seed EP, as Jansen-Barbieri-Karn (Medium UK, 1997)
- Beginning to Melt as Jansen-Barbieri-Karn (Medium UK, 1997)
- Liquid Glass with Yoshihiro Hanno (Medium, 1998)
- -ism as Jansen-Barbieri-Karn (Medium UK, 2000)
- Each Eye a Path (Medium, 2001)
- Each Path a Remix (Medium, 2003)
- More Better Different (Invisible Hands, 2004)
- Love's Glove EP (MK, 2005)
- Three Part Species (MK, 2006)
- Selected (MK, 2007)
- The Concrete Twin (MK, 2009)
- Endless by Fjieri, with Barbieri-Harrison-Bowness, as guest on two tracks (Forward Music, 2009)
- Timelines by Stefano Panunzi with Gavin Harrison, on five tracks (RES, 2005)
- A Rose by Stefano Panunzi, as guest on two tracks (Emerald, 2009)
- InGladAloneness EP by Dalis Car (MK, 2011)
- Japan & Self Existence publisher: MK Music. Biography, covering his life from 1958 to 2006.
- "Mick Karn: Honorable tension", Interview by Anil Prasad, Innerviews.org
- Rymer, Paul "History of Japan", Nightporter.co.uk
- Also in the office that day was David Sylvian's former partner, Yuka Fujii. Once a girlfriend of Mick Karn, who now lives in Cyprus, Fujii had contributed to the unease within the band by leaving Karn for Sylvian. 'Being in the middle of all that was very difficult,' says Jansen. 'The tension back stage on tour was unbelievable. Mick has quite an ego on him. In those days he was very headstrong about what he wanted to do. He started to make plans for a solo album during the recording of Tin Drum, and Dave wasn't happy about that. And the girlfriend problem set it right off between them. Mick never really got over those issues. I don't think you can.'
- Anil Prasad interview – 'How did becoming so successful so young affect you?'
- Strong, Martin C. (2003) The Great Indie Discography, Canongate, ISBN 1-84195-335-0, p. 85–7
- Hayes, Kelvin "Mick Karn Biography", Allmusic, retrieved 5 February 2010
- Martin, Ian (16 July 2010). "Former band members unite to help cancer-stricken Karn", The Japan Times
- "Video message from Pete Murphy on his FB page".
- Obituaries in the Performing Arts, 2011. 10 January 2014. ISBN 9780786491346.
- "Mickkarn.net / Pages / Biography". Mickkarn.net. Archived from the original on 1 April 2006. Retrieved 15 July 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Anil Prasad interview (1996) – 'You don't read music. How does that affect your ability to communicate with fellow musicians?'
- Gray, Louise (April 1994). "Karnal knowledge", The Wire 122,
- Japan & Self Existence, Karn, Mick (2009) page 281
- MickKarn.net, retrieved 27 September 2010
- Larkin, Adrian (11 June 2010). Midge Ure's fundraiser BBC6
- Meikle, James (5 January 2011). "Former Japan bass player Mick Karn loses battle with cancer". The Guardian.
- Karn, Mick (2009). Japan and Self Existence. MK Music. p. 172.
- Mick Karn, ChartStats, retrieved 5 February 2010