Peter Murphy (musician)
Peter John Joseph Murphy (born 11 July 1957) is a singer, songwriter, and musician. He was the vocalist of the goth rock band Bauhaus and later went on to release a number of solo albums, such as Love Hysteria, Deep, and Holy Smoke. Thin with prominent cheekbones, a baritone voice, and a penchant for gloomy poetics, he is often called the "Godfather of Goth".
Murphy performing in April 2011
|Birth name||Peter John Joseph Murphy|
|Born||11 July 1957|
Northampton, Northamptonshire, England
|Genres||Post-punk, gothic rock, alternative rock|
Peter John Joseph Murphy was born on 11 July 1957 in Northampton, Northamptonshire. He is of Irish descent. He was raised in Wellingborough, Northamptonshire, where he was a school friend of Daniel Ash.
Daniel Ash convinced Murphy to join Bauhaus, one of the establishing acts of the goth movement. Their use of spacey recording effects and theatrical aesthetics was evocative of glam rock; they became an influential group in the early days of gothic rock. In 1983, Bauhaus appeared during the opening sequences of the horror film The Hunger, performing one of their most popular songs, "Bela Lugosi's Dead". The camera focused almost exclusively on Murphy during most of the scene, panning only briefly to the stars David Bowie and Catherine Deneuve. Bauhaus reformed in 1998 for a tour, and later reunited again in late 2019 for three reunion shows.
By 1983, Bauhaus had broken up and Murphy went on to new projects not involving Bauhaus members Kevin Haskins, David J or Daniel Ash. After some brief dabbling with acting and dance – including a television performance to Bauhaus's "Hollow Hills" – he formed Dalis Car with Mick Karn, the bass player from Japan. The group recorded only one album.
After Dalis Car's lack of commercial success, Murphy's first solo album, Should the World Fail to Fall Apart, was similarly overlooked. Should the World Fail to Fall Apart did spawn several singles, including a cover of Pere Ubu's "Final Solution" that made a minor splash on the club scene.
The followup, Love Hysteria, was not successful in the UK although in the US it performed better than his previous solo releases. The album also marked the beginning of a long-term collaboration with songwriter Paul Statham from B-Movie, who co-wrote songs with Murphy until 1995. The resulting singles "All Night Long" and "Indigo Eyes" helped garner a wider following, and the black-and-white video for "All Night Long" entered rotation on MTV.
The pinnacle of Murphy's solo popularity in the US came with the release of Deep. For this album Murphy sported hair dyed platinum blonde and returned to the more aggressive alt-rock sound that was a trademark of early Bauhaus. The single "Cuts You Up" from Deep held on to the top spot on the Billboard Modern Rock Tracks chart for seven weeks.
Peter Murphy moved to Turkey with his wife, and a Middle Eastern influence can be heard in his later albums. 1992's Holy Smoke mixed some traditional Turkish influences into the music while continuing the sound pioneered on Deep.
In 1995, Murphy embraced a lower-key, ambient pop sound for Cascade, featuring producer Pascal Gabriel, guest work from "infinite guitarist" Michael Brook, and overall a much stronger incorporation of electronics. This album was also to be his last major collaboration with Paul Statham, who departed to form Peach with Pascal Gabriel and eventually write songs for Dido and Kylie Minogue. Cascade was also Murphy's last original release for Beggar's Banquet records, which had been his label since Bauhaus. Shortly after this departure, Murphy recorded the Recall EP for the newly formed Red Ant records, featuring a few new songs and some new, heavily electronic versions of older material, reworked in conjunction with Sascha Konietzko, Bill Rieflin and Tim Skold of the band KMFDM. Once again, he became label-mates with former Bauhaus alums Love and Rockets, who had also signed to Red Ant. This generated a significant number of rumours regarding a possible reformation of Bauhaus. While Red Ant quickly folded, Bauhaus did reform in 1998 for the Resurrection tour, one performance of which (at the Hammerstein Ballroom, New York City) was recorded and released on DVD by Metropolis Records as Gotham. The tour was a success.
In 2000, Murphy performed his international Just for Love tour, which resulted in the album aLive Just for Love. It is a live recording of the fully uninterrupted set from the El Rey show in Los Angeles on 30 November 2000. During the tour, Murphy chose to perform with only two back-up musicians, Canadian electric violinist Hugh Marsh and Peter DiStefano from Porno for Pyros on guitar, although former Bauhaus bassist David J sometimes joined the trio for an encore. At this point he also contributed to works by film composer Harry Gregson-Williams.
Also in 2000, Murphy gave a nod to the North American goth scene, where his solo works and his works with Bauhaus are still popular, by making a surprise guest appearance at the sixth annual Convergence festival in Seattle, to perform a low-key, acoustic solo set.
Shortly thereafter, Murphy collaborated with the Turkish artist Mercan Dede on the album Dust. Heavily steeped in traditional Turkish instrumentation and songwriting, coupled with Dede's trademark atmospheric electronics, the album showed Murphy all but abandoning his previous pop and rock incarnations. Dust, released on goth/industrial stalwart label Metropolis Records, alienated many fans who had expected a more uptempo Murphy album (especially post-Recall), but it garnered some critical praise. Peter Murphy considers it his most unusual work to date and is most proud of the song "Your Face" from the album.
In 2004, Murphy signed to yet another new label, Viastar, which was home to several other 1980s pop artists who had moved into more eclectic areas. Despite numerous problems with the label, the album Unshattered was released, showcasing Murphy returning to a more pop sound.
Murphy undertook extensive tours of Europe and the US to promote Unshattered in 2005, with a live band featuring guitarist Mark Thwaite, (The Mission , Tricky) on guitar, Jeff Schartoff of Human Waste Project and Professional Murder Music on bass and Justin Bennett of Skinny Puppy on drums. Murphy and the band reconvened in November 2007 for shows in Portugal and Spain, with Nick Lucero replacing Bennett on drums. In May 2008 Murphy recorded a cover of the song "Warm Leatherette" with Trent Reznor and Jeordie White from Nine Inch Nails. This was played live at an intimate studio performance, and the video recording was released on both the official Nine Inch Nails website and on YouTube.
In 2009, Murphy appeared at shows across the United States with Reznor, and the band members Reznor had for the 'Lights in the Sky Over North America 2008' tour. He also appeared with Nine Inch Nails on in August 2009 at Terminal 5 as special guest musician. Additionally, he appeared with Nine Inch Nails on 28 and 29 August at the Aragon Ballroom.
Throughout 2009, Murphy released a series of cover songs exclusively through iTunes. The released songs are "Instant Karma!" (originally by John Lennon), "Space Oddity" (originally by David Bowie), "Transmission" (originally by Joy Division), and "Hurt" (originally by Nine Inch Nails). In support of these releases, Murphy underwent an international tour entitled "The Secret Covers Tour". During this time, an additional cover song, Soul of the World, was released through his official website.
The spring of 2010 saw the cancellation of what would have been a 100-date world tour with Brendan Perry of Dead Can Dance. Murphy cancelled due to unexplained health issues, which yielded a negative reaction from Perry.
In August 2010, on a video blog on his MySpace page Murphy announced that he was once again going to be working with Mick Karn on a second Dalis Car album, adding this would be the first time they had seen each other since 1983. Several months prior to this announcement, Karn had been diagnosed with stage-four cancer. The recording session took place in September 2010; however, because of Karn's increasingly severe illness, they only managed to record four songs during the session. Karn died on 4 January 2011. According to the biography on Karn's website, the four songs the duo recorded will be released as an EP later in 2011.
In February 2011, Murphy announced a 29-date tour across North America to support his upcoming album Ninth, released in June 2011. Murphy released the song "I Spit Roses" as a digital single through online retailers in March 2011, as well as single "Seesaw Sway" that May.
Starting in April 2013, Murphy toured Europe and the US on the Mr Moonlight Tour, celebrating 35 years of Bauhaus, with longtime guitarist Mark Thwaite, drummer Nick Lucero and bassist Emilio DiZefalo-China. He later replaced guitarist Mark Thwaite (who left the band in September 2013) with Andee Blacksugar in October, who finished out the remaining tour dates in China, Russia, Australia and New Zealand.
In June 2014, Murphy released his tenth studio album Lion.
In June 2015, Murphy released Remixes From Lion– a companion piece to last year's tenth solo album Lion that was produced by Killing Joke bassist Martin Glover who is listed as "Youth" on the Lion album. This release includes "Youth" remixes of songs from Lion as well as four bonus songs from the Lion recording sessions. Murphy describes the Lion material as "a mixture of stuff, almost like operas for the dispossessed. It's very romantic and very deep and emotional, quite symphonic in places, but then becomes, like, a rabble-rousing pirate sea shanty."
In 1992, Murphy moved to Istanbul with his Turkish wife, Beyhan, who is the head choreographer of the Turkish National Modern Dance group. He is a Sufi Muslim. In 2013, Murphy received a 3 year probation sentence for a California hit and run accident in which he was found in possession of methamphetamine. In August 2019, Murphy was hospitalized for a heart attack at the Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City.
Popular culture and miscellaneousEdit
- In Neil Gaiman's comic book series The Sandman, Dream's face and appearance is based on Murphy. In fact, Gaiman explained that Murphy was the original model for Morpheus. Gaiman also stated that Sandman artist, Dave McKean, based Dream's face in the cover of Sandman No. 1 on Murphy.
- In James O'Barr's comic book The Crow, Eric's face was heavily based on Murphy.
- In the advertisements for Maxell audio cassettes, Murphy was the model for their "Break the Sound Barrier" UK advertising campaign.
- The American folk musician Jewel was the opening act for Murphy on his North American tour in support of his album Cascade in 1995.
- The Scottish guitarist John McGeoch (known for his work on Siouxsie and the Banshees and Public Image Ltd.) contributed to Murphy's first solo album, Should the World Fail to Fall Apart.
- The PBS children's show Mama Mirabelle's Home Movies included Peter Murphy soundtrack vocals in two episodes. 
- He was a musical guest on MTV's The Jon Stewart Show, performing his song "The Scarlet Thing In You" to promote his album, Cascade.
- Should the World Fail to Fall Apart (1986) (UK #82)
- Love Hysteria (1988) (US #135)
- Deep (1989) (US #44)
- Holy Smoke (1992) (US#108)
- Cascade (1995)
- Dust (2002)
- Unshattered (2004)
- Ninth (2011)
- Lion (2014) (US #173)
- aLive Just for Love (2001)
- Mr. Moonlight Tour – 35 Years of Bauhaus (2014)
- Wild Birds Live Tour (2015)
- Bare-Boned and Sacred (2017)
- Live in London (2019)
Singles and EPsEdit
|US Hot 100||US Modern Rock||US Mainstream Rock||UK Singles Chart|
|1985||"Final Solution"||–||–||–||92||Should the World Fail to Fall Apart|
|"Tale of the Tongue"||–||–||–||–|
|1988||"All Night Long"||–||–||–||100||Love Hysteria|
|1989||"The Line Between the Devil's Teeth (And That Which Cannot Be Repeat)"||–||18||–||–||Deep|
|1990||"Cuts You Up"||55||1||10||–|
|"A Strange Kind of Love"||–||21||–||–|
|1992||"The Sweetest Drop"||–||2||–||–||Holy Smoke|
|"You're So Close"||–||18||–||–|
|1995||"The Scarlet Thing in You"||–||–||–||–||Cascade|
|"I'll Fall with Your Knife" (promo only)||–||–||–||–|
|1997||Recall EP||–||–||–||–||Non-album EP|
|2009||"Instant Karma!"||–||–||–||–||iTunes Secret Covers|
|"Transmission (Live And Cracklin)"||–||–||–||–|
|2011||"I Spit Roses"||–||–||–||–||Ninth|
|The Secret Bees of Ninth EP||–||–||–||–||Non-album EP|
|"I Am My Own Name"||–||–||–||–|
- Goodman, Wİlliam (27 August 2009). "Watch: NIN Joined by Bauhaus' Peter Murphy!". Spin. Retrieved 11 July 2017.
- Dom Gourlay (25 September 2011). "DiS meets Peter Murphy". Drowned in Sound. Drowned in Sound. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
Having emerged from the tail end of punk rock's ethers in 1978 as lead vocalist with iconic four-piece Bauhaus, Peter Murphy has forged a reputation as one of the most unique, and challenging songwriters of his and every subsequent generation since.
- Gill, Andy (16 August 2002). "Album: Peter Murphy". The Independent. London: Independent News & Media. Retrieved 7 November 2008.
- Theiner, Manny (19 June 2008). "Music Preview: Bauhaus frontman Peter Murphy tours with solo retrospective". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. PG Publishing Co. Retrieved 7 November 2008.
- Romanowski, George-Warren & Pareles 1995, p. 54.
- Larkin 2011, p. 469.
- DAVID BRINN (15 July 2010). "A role to sink his teeth into Jerusalem Post 15 July 2010". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 27 October 2010.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
- "Bauhaus Biography". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
- "Peter Murphy Interview". Acidlogic.com. 16 June 2002. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- "Peter Murphy | Portrait of a Sufi Artist from West". www.techofheart.co. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
- "Interview with Peter Murphy about Bauhaus, "Go Away White" and his solo career, February 2008". Postwave.gr. 25 February 2008. Retrieved 27 October 2010.
- "Peter Murphy – Secret Cover Tour". Petermurphy.info. Archived from the original on 18 February 2010. Retrieved 27 October 2010.
- "The Official Site of Peter Murphy". Petermurphy.info. Retrieved 27 October 2010.
- "Mick Karn - Biography". Web.archive.org. 6 February 2011.
- "Peter Murphy Official Site". Petermurphy.info. 3 June 2014. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- "I Spit Roses – Single by Peter Murphy". iTunes Store. 22 March 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- "Seesaw Sway – Single by Peter Murphy". iTunes Store. 23 May 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 8 May 2013. Retrieved 5 May 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Rocha, Veronica (10/11/2013). "No jail time for rocker Peter Murphy". LA Times. Retrieved 08/28/2019. Check date values in:
- "Goth legend Peter Murphy hospitalized after suffering heart attack". The Los Angeles Times. 14 August 2019.
- Dave McKean, Neil Gaiman (1997). The collected Sandman covers, 1989–1997. Watson-Guptill. p. 1. ISBN 9780823046324.
The Sandman image was inspired hy Peter Murphy, the ex-Bauhaus singer and Maxell tape model, because when artist Mike Dringenberg saw the original sketches for the character, he said: "He looks like Peter Murphy from Bauhaus."
- Kelly Jones (2004). Joseph McCabe (ed.). Hanging out with the dream king: conversations with Neil Gaiman and his collaborators. Fantagraphics. p. 92. ISBN 9781560976172.
['Sandman' artist Kelly Jones talks about the inspiration behind Dream's appearance] I know Neil always said [the Sandman] was based on Robert Smith of the Cure, but I just hated the Cure. I didn't want to hear that. I was really into Peter Murphy at that time, the guy from Bauhaus. I didn't like Bauhaus, but I liked him on his own, and he had a song called "Cut You Up" or something; it was on the radio at the time. I bought the CD, and I said, 'You know, with that big poufy hair, he looks like that guy.' At that time, Murphy was very gestural. I don't think the guy ever had a picture taken of him that wasn't angled and in deep lighting. So I took that, too. I said, 'Whenever I do him, I'm gonna do that kind of thing. And get into his face, don't just keep him in deep shadow all the time. He will be in deep shadow all the time, but I want to put across a guy who's clueless. Not stupid, but he's not understanding things.' Because he's an immortal guy who...
- Neil Gaiman (16 February 2013). "The official Neil Gaiman Tumblr". Tumblr. Retrieved 10 July 2013.
The original idea-model for Morpheus was Peter Murphy from Bauhaus.
- Neil Gaiman. "Neil Gaiman – FAQ – Comics". Retrieved 22 September 2012.
If I remember correctly Dave based the face on the cover of Sandman No. 1 on an image of Peter Murphy.
- Gavin Baddeley, Paul A. Woods (2006). Paul A. Woods (ed.). Goth chic: a connoisseur's guide to dark culture (2 ed.). Plexus. p. 1941. ISBN 9780859653824.
Sandman inker Mike Dringenberg observed, '"Hey, [he] looks like Peter Murphy from Bauhaus.'" Cover artist Dave McKean and Gaiman 'got some Bauhaus videos and immediately saw that Mike was right; and Dave ended up making the central image on the cover of Sandman [number one] a Peter Murphy-like face.
- Evans Smith, Nathan Brown (2008). "22: Comparative Mythology in Pop Culture". The Complete Idiot's Guide to World Mythology. Penguin. p. 287. ISBN 9781436268103.
The physical appearance of Eric Draven was based heavily on the face of Peter Murphy of the band Bauhaus, who O'Barr also saw while in Germany, and the body of rock icon Iggy Pop.
- Mark Voger (2006). "As the Crow Flies". The Dark Age. TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 51. ISBN 9781893905535.
Q: How did the Crow character of Eric come to you? O'Barr: Basically, I was just playing around with the makeup on the face. I was in England. On the side of a building was painted the three faces of the English theater, which were Pain, Irony and Despair. The smiling face was Irony. So that's basically where the makeup came from. Physically, Eric is kind of a mixture of Iggy Pop and Peter Murphy.
- Durham, RB (10 February 2015). Twilight: An Unofficial Companion. Lulu.com. p. 246. ISBN 978-1312907089.
- Erica K. Landau (30 October 2009). "Grrrly Talk: Q&A with Jewel, Playing at the Fillmore Tuesday, November 3". Miami New Times.
NT: You once opened for Peter Murphy. That's really funny. Are you a fan of Bauhaus? J: I didn't really know who they were until I opened for Peter Murphy and then I realized how influential they were, which is really fascinating. Goth sort of before goth happened. But it was a difficult show to open for.
- Jewel (15 September 2015). Never Broken: Songs are Only Half the Story. Penguin Publishing Group. p. 180. ISBN 9780399174339.
I was nowhere near famous, opening for Peter Murphy of Bauhaus in small clubs. Goth fans in makeup, fangs and scars, and black clothes.
- Nielsen Business Media, Inc (September 1995). "Newsmakers". Billboard. 107 (37): 89. ISSN 0006-2510.
- Pierre Perrone (11 March 2004). "John McGeoch" (Obituary). The Independent. The Independent. Retrieved 2 July 2018.
- "Mama Mirabelle's Home Movies - A Savannah Kwanzaa/You Must Have Been A Beautiful Baby". IMDb. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- "Mama Mirabelle's Home Movies - Have You Heard/This Is Mama's World". IMDb. Retrieved 28 August 2019.
- "Bauhaus Concert Guide". Retrieved 25 September 2019.
- "Peter Murphy - The Scarlet Thing In You". Retrieved 25 September 2019.