Metrorail (South Africa)

Metrorail is an operator of commuter rail services in the major urban areas of South Africa. It is a division of the Passenger Rail Agency of South Africa (PRASA), a state-owned enterprise which is responsible for most passenger rail services in South Africa. The Metrorail system consists of 471 stations, 2,228 kilometres (1,384 mi) of track, and carries an average of 1.7 million passengers per weekday.[1]

A Metrorail 10M5 train pulling out of Kalk Bay station south of Cape Town.

Metrorail was formed in 1996 as a business unit of Transnet and was transferred to the South African Rail Commuter Corporation (SARCC), the predecessor of PRASA. In the early-1990s Metrorail was placed under Spoornet, another business unit of Transnet but on 1 January 1997, Metrorail became an independent business within Transnet and the Metrorail regions were formed. In 2006 Metrorail was transferred back into the SARCC; in 2008 the SARCC became PRASA.

New Metrorail trainset the X'Trapolis Mega referred to stimela sa bantu

Regions Edit

Because Metrorail operates services in several separate cities, for operational purposes it is subdivided into four regions.

Map of Metrorail Gauteng Region
Gauteng region

Previously there were two regions: Witwatersrand in the south and Tshwane in the north. The southern area covers the Greater Johannesburg Metropolitan Area (also known as the Witwatersrand). Trains run from Johannesburg and Germiston outwards to Springs, Pretoria, Soweto and Randfontein via Krugersdorp.[2]

The northern part covers Pretoria and surrounding suburbs. Trains run from Pretoria station outwards to the various suburbs of the city, as well as southwards to Johannesburg via Kempton Park and Germiston stations (in the Witwatersrand region).[3]

Map of Metrorail Durban Region
Durban region

This region covers Durban and the surrounding suburbs and towns. Trains run from Durban station outwards as far as Stanger on the north coast, Kelso on the south coast, and Cato Ridge inland.[4]

Map of Metrorail Eastern Cape
Eastern Cape region

This region operates two separate lines in the Eastern Cape: one running from East London to Berlin, and one from Port Elizabeth to Uitenhage. Plans are in the pipeline to connect the service to Coega.[5]

Map of Metrorail Western Cape
Western Cape region

This region covers the Cape Town metropolitan area and surrounding towns. Trains run from Cape Town railway station southwards to Simon's Town, southeastwards to Mitchell's Plain and Khayelitsha, and eastwards through Bellville to Strand, Stellenbosch and Wellington; occasional services run to Malmesbury and Worcester.[6]

Track and equipment Edit

Metrorail trains, as with the rest of the South African rail network, run on 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in) track. Some routes run on track owned and operated by PRASA; other routes run on track operated by Transnet and also used for long-distance and freight trains.

Most Metrorail services are operated by electric multiple unit train sets of the domestically built 5M2A type and the Japanese-built 8M type. Since 1999, the 5M2A trains are being refurbished. Everything above the underframe is completely removed, and replaced by new, prefabricated wall and roof modules.[7] In 2007 alone more than 300 coaches were refurbished.[8] The new trains are designated 10M3 (Cape Town), 10M4 (Gauteng) or 10M5 (Durban).[9][10]

The Metrorail services on the Eastern Cape are operated by four diesel trains, each consisting of ten coaches and a diesel locomotive.[11]

280 train sets operate on the system,[1] each able to carry up to 1,800 passengers.[12]

In October 2013, Gibela was awarded a contract to build 600 X'Trapolis Mega EMU trainsets (3,600 cars), the first half of a multi-phase rolling stock renewal program that would see up to 1,200 new trainsets delivered by the 2030s.[13]

Safety concerns Edit

In recent years, much concern has been raised about the safety of passengers on Metrorail trains, both due to crime and accidents.[14][15] Serious incidents include murders and assaults on-board trains; several level crossing accidents,[16][17] and a crash in Soweto.[18] An organisation called the Rail Commuters Action Group instituted a lawsuit against Metrorail and the government to force them to invest more money in security.[19] The case reached the Constitutional Court, which declared that Metrorail has "an obligation to ensure that reasonable measures are taken to provide for the security of rail commuters".[20] Despite this, safety on the trains remains a dire concern.[21]

Metrorail services have also suffered from instances of arson of train-sets which occurred during passenger protests but not necessarily by disgruntled passengers,[22] in some cases forcing the closure of lines;[23] as well as incidents of cable theft disrupting services.[24]

In 2006 the Faure level crossing accident killed 19 people.

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ a b "Metrorail". Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  2. ^ Metrorail Regional Routes—Witwatersrand
  3. ^ Metrorail Regional Routes—Tshwane
  4. ^ Metrorail Regional Routes—Durban
  5. ^ Metrorail Regional Routes—Eastern Cape
  6. ^ Metrorail Regional Routes—Western Cape and Route Map
  7. ^ "Class 10M4 Coach Refurbishment Programme Using the UCW Partnership's Modular Concept". Union Carriage & Wagon Company (Pty) Limited. Archived from the original on 16 June 2008. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  8. ^ SARCC Annual Report 2006/07[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ "Electric Multiple Unit (EMU) Class 6M - 8M - 10M3 - 10M5 Photos". Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  10. ^ "Welcome to the official South African government online site! | South African Government". Archived from the original on 10 February 2012. Retrieved 1 September 2017.
  11. ^ Eastern Cape Metrorail 2010 Operational Plan April 2008 Archived 2008-12-06 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Metrorail Homepage
  13. ^ "PRASA and Alstom sign R51bn EMU contract". Railway Gazette International. 14 October 2013. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  14. ^ IOL: Class action suit launched against Metrorail
  15. ^ IOL: 'Train safety, efficiency vital for 2010'
  16. ^ IOL: Train derailed after collision with trailer
  17. ^ IOL: News for South Africa and the World
  18. ^ IOL: Scores injured as trains crash in Soweto
  19. ^ IOL: Commuters take rail terror battle to court
  20. ^ Rail Commuters Action Group v Transnet Ltd t/a Metrorail [2004] ZACC 20 (26 November 2004), Constitutional Court (South Africa)
  21. ^ IOL: The perilous Khayelitsha train line
  22. ^ IOL: Stranded passengers torch trains in Soweto
  23. ^ :: Metrorail - Getting South Africa To Work ::
  24. ^ IOL: Scorpions bust alleged cable theft syndicate

External links Edit