KwaDukuza

  (Redirected from Stanger)

KwaDukuza (formerly known as Stanger) is a city in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. In 2006, its official name was changed from Stanger to KwaDukuza, but the Zulu people in the area called it "Dukuza" well before then, and many South Africans still use the name "Stanger" (see below). "Stanger" has also been used on new road signs in the area.[3][4][5]

KwaDukuza
Stanger
KwaDukuza is located in KwaZulu-Natal
KwaDukuza
KwaDukuza
KwaDukuza is located in South Africa
KwaDukuza
KwaDukuza
Coordinates: 29°20′00″S 31°17′30″E / 29.33333°S 31.29167°E / -29.33333; 31.29167Coordinates: 29°20′00″S 31°17′30″E / 29.33333°S 31.29167°E / -29.33333; 31.29167
CountrySouth Africa
ProvinceKwaZulu-Natal
DistrictiLembe
MunicipalityKwaDukuza
Established1825 as Dukuza, 1873 as Stanger[1]
Area
 • Total32.37 km2 (12.50 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
 • Total51,536
 • Density1,600/km2 (4,100/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
 • Black African53.0%
 • Coloured1.9%
 • Indian/Asian43.7%
 • White0.7%
 • Other0.7%
First languages (2011)
 • English47.7%
 • Zulu46.0%
 • Xhosa1.4%
 • Other4.8%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
4449
PO box
4450

The city has been under major economical construction since 2015, having built a multi-million rand regional shopping mall in 2018.[6][7][8]

NameEdit

The city was named to honour William Stanger, a surveyor-general in South Africa. In 2006, the Minister of Arts and Culture approved a name change from Stanger to KwaDukuza, which was published in the Government Gazette of South Africa on 3 March 2006.

HistoryEdit

 
Albert Luthuli statue in KwaDukuza
 
King Shaka memorial stone in KwaDukuza

The city was founded about 1820 by King Shaka and was named KwaDukuza (Zulu: Place of the Lost Person) because of the capital's labyrinth of huts. After Shaka was assassinated on 22 September 1828 during a coup by two of his half-brothers, Dingane and Umthlangana (Mhlangane), the city was burnt to the ground. In 1873, European settlers built a town on the site, naming it Stanger after William Stanger, the surveyor-general of Natal.

Stanger became a municipality in 1949 and is the commercial, magisterial and railway center of an important sugar-producing district. A small museum adjoins the site of Shaka's grave, a grain pit in the city center. The city and its vibrant inhabitants are surrounded by sugar cane fields, bush and the mahogany tree where Shaka held meetings, which still stands in front of the municipal offices. The Shaka Day festival, a colorful ceremony of 10,000 or more Zulus, is held at the KwaDukuza Recreation Grounds on 24 September every year. The festival is usually attended by dignitaries to mark the significance of the Zulu nation.

The Stanger North Coast Museum houses historical items and information on Shaka, the sugar industry and local history. The city has a South Asian influence because of the influx of labourers from India in the late 19th and the early 20th centuries for sugarcane barons, such as Liege Hulett. The first few hundred Indian families left Port Natal for the cane farms on 17 November 1860. The importation of Indian labourers was stopped in 1911, when their numbers exceeded 100,000. Most Indians did not return when their work contracts expired, but exchanged their return-trip passes for money or property. The growth of the Indian community changed the economic and cultural nature of the city and has successfully developed it into what it is today. Celebrations include Diwali and the Winter Fair, the latter being a fundraiser for child welfare.

In July, 2021, the city was significantly impacted by large scale looting, vandalism, property damage and civil unrest caused during the 2021 South African unrest, much to the dismay of the Indian population.[9][10][11]

ClimateEdit

The Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies the KwaDuzuka climate as humid subtropical (Cfa),[12] with more rain in the summer.

The highest record temperature was 43 °C (109 °F) on February 3, 2008, and the lowest record temperature was 5 °C (41 °F) on June 12, 2013.[13]

Climate data for KwaDukuza
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 40
(104)
43
(109)
41
(106)
38
(100)
39
(102)
37
(99)
35
(95)
39
(102)
43
(109)
41
(106)
41
(106)
41
(106)
43
(109)
Average high °C (°F) 28.4
(83.1)
28.7
(83.7)
28.3
(82.9)
26.5
(79.7)
24.8
(76.6)
23.2
(73.8)
22.8
(73.0)
23.8
(74.8)
24.6
(76.3)
25.2
(77.4)
26.2
(79.2)
27.8
(82.0)
25.9
(78.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 24.2
(75.6)
24.5
(76.1)
23.9
(75.0)
21.8
(71.2)
19.4
(66.9)
17.3
(63.1)
16.9
(62.4)
18.2
(64.8)
19.6
(67.3)
20.8
(69.4)
21.9
(71.4)
23.5
(74.3)
21.0
(69.8)
Average low °C (°F) 20.1
(68.2)
20.4
(68.7)
19.5
(67.1)
17.1
(62.8)
14.1
(57.4)
11.5
(52.7)
11.1
(52.0)
12.6
(54.7)
14.6
(58.3)
16.4
(61.5)
17.7
(63.9)
19.3
(66.7)
16.2
(61.2)
Record low °C (°F) 16
(61)
15
(59)
15
(59)
11
(52)
6
(43)
5
(41)
6
(43)
6
(43)
5
(41)
10
(50)
7
(45)
14
(57)
5
(41)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 118
(4.6)
120
(4.7)
125
(4.9)
72
(2.8)
60
(2.4)
37
(1.5)
33
(1.3)
41
(1.6)
60
(2.4)
92
(3.6)
114
(4.5)
119
(4.7)
991
(39)
Source 1: Climate-Data.org (altitude: 60m)[12]
Source 2: Voodoo Skies for record temperatures[13]

HealthcareEdit

In February 2018, the city opened the KwaDukuza Private Hospital, the second major hospital in the area.[citation needed]

SchoolsEdit

  • Stanger Manor Secondary School
  • Stanger Secondary School
  • Glenhills Secondary School
  • Glenhills Primary School
  • Stanger M.L. Sultan Secondary School
  • Stanger High School
  • Dawnview Primary School
  • Zakkariyya Muslim School
  • Stanger Primary School
  • Stanger Manor Primary School
  • Stanger South Secondary School
  • Tshelenkosi secondary school

Notable residentsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "KwaDUKUZA / STANGER – A History". sahistory.org. Retrieved 2009-08-31.
  2. ^ a b c d "Main Place KwaDukuza". Census 2011.
  3. ^ Watson Highway, La Mercy, South Africa (Map). Google Maps. Retrieved 2010-12-12.
  4. ^ R 102, Nkwazi, South Africa (Map). Google Maps. Retrieved 2010-12-12.
  5. ^ N2, South Africa (Map). Google Maps. Retrieved 2010-12-12.
  6. ^ "Store Directory – Kwadukuza Regional Mall".
  7. ^ "KWADUKUZA MALL CELEBRATES 2ND BIRTHDAY - 5 Star Durban - Showcasing Beautiful KwaZulu-Natal". Archived from the original on 2020-10-26.
  8. ^ "KwaDukuza Mall's social media success | News24".
  9. ^ "WATCH | Protesters storm KwaDukuza CBD and Tongaat in KZN | Witness".
  10. ^ "WATCH: Mass looting across KwaDukuza and Mandeni | North Coast Courier".
  11. ^ "Fear gripped KwaZulu-Natal residents on Monday night while others partied | Witness".
  12. ^ a b "Climate: KwaDukuza - Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 2014-01-17.
  13. ^ a b "Stanger, South Africa". Voodoo Skies. Retrieved 2014-01-17.