Metropolis of Larissa and Tyrnavos

The Metropolis of Larissa and Tyrnavos (Greek: Ιερά Μητρόπολις Λαρίσης και Τυρνάβου) is a Greek Orthodox metropolitan see in Thessaly, Greece.[1]

HistoryEdit

Christianity penetrated early to Larissa, though its first bishop is recorded only in 325 at the Council of Nicaea.[2] Saint Achillius of Larissa, of the 4th century, is celebrated for numerous miracles.

Michel Le Quien cites twenty-nine bishops from the 4th to the 18th centuries.[3]

In the Ecumenical Council of Ephesus in 431, the Bishop of Larissa is already mentioned as metropolitan bishop of Thessaly, and some of his suffragans who participated in the council were the bishops of Pharsalus, Lamia, Thessalian Thebes, Echinos, Hypate (Ypati), Kaisareia, and Demetrias.[4] Some time between 730 and 751, the Church in Thessaly, along with the rest of the Illyricum, were transferred from the jurisdiction of the Pope in Rome to that of the Patriarch of Constantinople.[5] Bishop Vigilantius attended the Council of Chalcedon.[6]

In the middle Byzantine period, the Notitiae Episcopatuum show Larissa with ten suffragan sees; these were in order Demetrias, Pharsalus, Thaumakos, Zetouni (Lamia), Ezeros, Loidoriki, Trikke, Echinus, Kolydros, and Stagoi.[7][8] Before the turn of the 10th century, Larissa also controlled Neopatras and the Spercheios valley, but sometime before 900 it was raised to a separate metropolis, while Pharsalus was likewise raised before 900 to the rank of an autonomous archbishopric.[8] In ca. 1020, Stagoi was ceded for a time to the Archbishopric of Ohrid.[9]

Subsequently, the number of suffragans increased and about the year 1175 under the Emperor Manuel I Comnenus, it reached twenty-eight.[10]

Following the Fourth Crusade and Thessaly's incorporation into the Kingdom of Thessalonica, a Roman Catholic archbishop was installed in the place of the previous Greek Orthodox metropolitan.[11] The city was soon recovered by the Greek Despotate of Epirus, however, possibly as early as 1212, and the Greek Orthodox metropolitan restored.[12] At the close of the 15th century, under the Turkish domination, there were only ten suffragan sees,[13] which gradually grew less and finally disappeared.

In 1881, Thessaly was ceded to Greece. In 1900, the see of Farsala and Platamon was united with Larissa, which became the Metropolis of Larissa and Platamon. Since the 1970s, the see has borne its current title.

Known bishopsEdit

 
St. Achillius.
 
The late Metropolitan of Larisa, Ignatios.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Holy Metropolis of Larisa and Tyrnavos Website.
  2. ^ "Catholic Encyclopedia". Catholic Encyclopedia. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  3. ^ Le Quien, Michel (1740). "Ecclesia Larissæ". Oriens Christianus, in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus: quo exhibentur ecclesiæ, patriarchæ, cæterique præsules totius Orientis. Tomus secundus, in quo Illyricum Orientale ad Patriarchatum Constantinopolitanum pertinens, Patriarchatus Alexandrinus & Antiochenus, magnæque Chaldæorum & Jacobitarum Diœceses exponuntur (in Latin). Paris: Ex Typographia Regia. cols. 103–112. OCLC 955922747.
  4. ^ Koder & Hild 1976, p. 81.
  5. ^ Koder & Hild 1976, p. 58.
  6. ^ Richard Price, Michael Gaddis, The Acts of the Council of Chalcedon, Volume 1(Liverpool University Press, 2005) p260.& 281.
  7. ^ Heinrich Gelzer, "Ungedruckte. . .Texte der Notitiae episcopatuum", Munich, 1900, 557.
  8. ^ a b Koder & Hild 1976, p. 82.
  9. ^ Koder & Hild 1976, p. 83.
  10. ^ Parthey, Hieroclis Synecdemus, Berlin, 1866, 120.
  11. ^ Nicol 2010, p. 36.
  12. ^ Nicol 2010, p. 41.
  13. ^ Gelzer, op. cit., 635.
  14. ^ Heinrich Gelzer , Patrum Nicaenorum nomina Latine, Graece, Coptice, Syriace, Arabice, Armeniace: adiecta est tabula geographica(In aedibus B.G. Teubneri, 1995) p242.
  15. ^ PLP, 7786. Θωμᾶς.
  16. ^ PLP, 20249. Νίκανδρος.
  17. ^ PLP, 13926. Κυπριανός.
  18. ^ PLP, 1098. Ἀντώνιος.
  19. ^ PLP, 20043. Νεῖλος.
  20. ^ PLP, 8915. Ἰωάσαφ.
  21. ^ The Holy Metropolis of Larissa and Tirnavos The Holy Metropolis of Larissa and Tirnavos.
  22. ^ Holy Metropolis of Larisa and Tyrnavos Website.
  23. ^ "Εκοιμήθη ο μητροπολίτης Λαρίσης και Τυρνάβου, Ιγνάτιος". Kathimerini. 2018-06-26. Archived from the original on 2018-06-27. Retrieved 2018-07-14.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit