Methanococcus

Methanococcus is a genus of coccoid methanogens of the family Methanococcaceae.[1] They are all mesophiles, except the thermophilic M. thermolithotrophicus and the hyperthermophilic M. jannaschii. The latter was discovered at the base of a “white smoker” chimney at 21°N on the East Pacific Rise[2] and it was the first archaeal genome to be completely sequenced, revealing many novel and eukaryote-like elements.[3]

Methanococcus
Scientific classification
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Methanococcus
Binomial name
Methanococcus
Kluyver and van Niel 1936 emend. Barker 1936 (Approved Lists 1980)
Species

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ See the NCBI webpage on Methanococcus. Data extracted from the "NCBI taxonomy resources". National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved 2007-03-19.
  2. ^ W.J. Jones; et al. (December 1983). "Methanococcus jannaschii sp. nov., an extremely thermophilic methanogen from a submarine hydrothermal vent". Arch. Microbiol. 136 (4): 254–261. doi:10.1007/BF00425213.
  3. ^ C.J. Bult; et al. (August 1996). "Complete genome sequence of the methanogenic archaeon, Methanococcus jannaschii". Science. 273 (5278): 1058–1073. Bibcode:1996Sci...273.1058B. doi:10.1126/science.273.5278.1058. PMID 8688087.

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