Megaera (//; Ancient Greek: Μέγαιρα, English translation: "the jealous one") is one of the Erinyes, Eumenides or "Furies" in Greek mythology. Lamprière's Classical Dictionary states "According to the most received opinions, they were three in number, Tisiphone, "Megaera ... daughter of Nox and Acheron", and Alecto".
Jealousy and envy
"Questa e megera dal sinistro canto", front the Divine Comedy, 1793 printing
|Parents||Uranus or Nyx|
|Siblings||Alecto and Tisiphone|
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Megaera is the cause of jealousy and envy, and punishes people who commit crimes, especially marital infidelity. Like her sisters Alecto and Tisiphone, as well as the Melian Nymphs, she was born of the blood of Uranus when Cronus castrated him.
In modern French (mégère), Portuguese (megera), Modern Greek (μέγαιρα), Italian (megera) and Russian (мегера), this name denotes a jealous or spiteful woman - Google translates all five as "shrew".[unreliable source?]
- Related to μεγαίρω "to grudge, envy" from Proto-Indo-European *meǵh2- "great" (see R. S. P. Beekes, Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Brill, 2009, p. 917).
- Lamprière's Classical Dictionary of Proper Names mentioned in Ancient Authors, 1949, p. 366
- Lamprière's Classical Dictionary of Proper Names mentioned in Ancient Authors, 1949, p. 234
- Graves, Robert (1960). The Greek Myths. London: Penguin Books. p. 37. ISBN 9780140171990.
- "(464) Megaira". (464) Megaira In: Dictionary of Minor Planet Names. Springer. 2003. p. 52. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_465. ISBN 978-3-540-29925-7.}}
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