Mayor of Wellington

The Mayor of Wellington is the head of the municipal government of Wellington, New Zealand, and presides over the Wellington City Council. Adjacent local bodies – Lower Hutt, Upper Hutt, and Porirua – have their own mayors. The Mayor is directly elected using STV.

Mayor of Wellington
Wellington COA.gif
Coat of arms of the City of Wellington
Flag of Wellington City, New Zealand.svg
Flag of the City of Wellington
Official photo of Andy Foster.png
Incumbent
Andy Foster

since 30 October 2019
StyleHis/Her Worship
Seat113 The Terrace
Term lengthThree years
Inaugural holderGeorge Hunter
Formation3 October 1842
DeputySarah Free
Salary$167,800[1]
Websiteofficial website

The current Mayor is Andy Foster, elected in October 2019.[2]

HistoryEdit

The development of local government in Wellington was erratic. The first attempt to establish governmental institutions, the so-called "Wellington Republic", was short-lived and based on rules written by the New Zealand Company. Colonel William Wakefield was to be the first president.

When the self-proclaimed government arrested a ship's captain for a violation of Wellington law, the Governor William Hobson quickly asserted British sovereignty over the whole of New Zealand, sending a contingent of soldiers to disband the council in Wellington.

In January 1842, the Legislative Council in Auckland passed the Municipal Corporations Ordinance, and in May 1842 Wellington was officially proclaimed a borough, the first municipality with this status. The office of mayor was established, but there were only two holders of this office under the Ordinance.

George Hunter received the most votes in the election for 12 Burgesses to the new council on 3 October 1842 and was declared mayor. He died suddenly on 19 July 1843. William Guyton was then declared mayor, as runner-up in 1842.

The British Government disallowed the Municipal Corporations Ordinance, but news of this did not reach Wellington until late September 1843, after the election had been held and a second Burgess Roll of qualified voters had been prepared, in 1843 (both Rolls are listed in Carman). After a brief period of little local government, the Province of Wellington was established in 1852, and most of Wellington's affairs were handled by the provincial government.

Initially, the councillors elected one of their own as mayor towards the end of the year. The role was traditionally awarded to the longest serving councillor. The system changed upon the introduction of The Municipal Corporations Acts Amendment Act, 1875. It legislated that mayors must be elected at large by eligible voters.[3] The inaugural mayoral election was held in 1875 resulting in William Hutchison being the first mayor to be elected by voters.[4]

In 1863, a Town Board was established with three wards (Thorndon, Lambton, Te Aro), but no Mayor.

On 16 September 1870, Wellington was officially incorporated as a city, and a new mayoralty created, which continues. The establishment of the new council was primarily driven by John Plimmer, called by some the Father of Wellington.

Since then the office of Mayor has been held by 35 people. Five people have been Mayor on two separate occasions, and the longest-serving Mayor was Sir Frank Kitts, from 1956 to 1974.

List of mayors of WellingtonEdit

Key

  Independent   Citizens'   Labour

# Name Portrait Term of office Elections
- George Hunter   3 October 1842 19 July 1843†
- William Guyton   28 July 1843 9 December 1843
1 Joseph Dransfield   28 September 1870 17 December 1873
2 Charles Borlase   8 January 1874 28 January 1875
3 William Sefton Moorhouse   28 January 1875 1 December 1875 1874
4 William Hutchison   15 December 1875 19 December 1877 187518761877
(1) Joseph Dransfield   19 December 1877 9 May 1879 1878
5 George Allen   10 May 1879 27 May 1879
(Acting Mayor)
(4) William Hutchison   27 May 1879 30 November 1881 18791880
6 George Fisher   30 November 1881 17 December 1885 18811882
18831884
7 Arthur Winton Brown   17 December 1885 15 December 1886 1885
8 Samuel Brown   15 December 1886 27 December 1888 18861887
9 John Duthie   27 December 1888 19 December 1889 1888
10 Charles Johnston   19 December 1889 23 December 1890 1889
(7) Arthur Winton Brown   23 December 1890 16 December 1891 1890
11 Francis Bell   16 December 1891 20 December 1893 18911892
12 Alfred Brandon   20 December 1893 20 December 1894 1893
13 Charles Luke   20 December 1894 19 December 1895 1894
(6) George Fisher   19 December 1895 16 December 1896 1895
(11) Francis Bell   16 December 1896 15 December 1897 1896
14 John Blair   15 December 1897 21 December 1899 18971898
15 John Aitken   21 December 1899 4 May 1905 189919001901
190219031904
16 Thomas William Hislop   4 May 1905 5 May 1909 19051906
19071908
17 Alfred Newman   5 May 1909 5 May 1910 1909
18 Thomas Wilford   5 May 1910 2 May 1912 19101911
19 David McLaren   2 May 1912 8 May 1913 1912
20 John Luke   8 May 1913 11 May 1921 191319141915
19171919
21 Robert Wright   11 May 1921 13 May 1925 19211923
22 Charles Norwood   13 May 1925 11 May 1927 1925
23 George Troup   11 May 1927 20 May 1931 19271929
24 Thomas Hislop   20 May 1931 14 June 1944 193119331935
19381941
25 Will Appleton   14 June 1944 6 December 1950 19441947
26 Robert Macalister   6 December 1950 6 December 1956 19501953
27 Frank Kitts   6 December 1956 13 November 1974 195619591962
196519681971
28 Michael Fowler   13 November 1974 26 October 1983 197419771980
29 Ian Lawrence   26 October 1983 30 October 1986 1983
30 Jim Belich   30 October 1986 10 October 1992 19861989
31 Fran Wilde   10 October 1992 14 October 1995 1992
32 Mark Blumsky   14 October 1995 13 October 2001 19951998
33 Kerry Prendergast   13 October 2001 27 October 2010 200120042007
34 Celia Wade-Brown   27 October 2010 10 October 2016 20102013
35 Justin Lester   10 October 2016 30 October 2019 2016
36 Andy Foster   30 October 2019 present 2019

TimelineEdit

Andy FosterJustin LesterCelia Wade-BrownKerry PrendergastMark BlumskyFran WildeJim BelichIan LawrenceMichael FowlerFrank KittsRobert MacalisterWill AppletonThomas HislopGeorge TroupCharles NorwoodRobert WrightJohn LukeDavid McLarenThomas WilfordAlfred NewmanThomas William HislopJohn AitkenJohn BlairCharles LukeAlfred BrandonFrancis BellCharles JohnstonJohn DuthieSamuel BrownArthur Winton BrownGeorge FisherGeorge AllenWilliam HutchisonWilliam Sefton MoorhouseCharles BorlaseJoseph DransfieldWilliam GuytonGeorge Hunter

List of deputy-mayors of WellingtonEdit

Key

  Independent   Citizens'   Labour   Greens

Name Term of office Mayor
John Smith 1910 1912 Wilford
Vacant
George Frost 1920 1921 Luke
Vacant
Martin Luckie 1929 1931 Troup
Vacant
William Bennett 1935 1936† Hislop
Martin Luckie 1936 1947
Appleton
Robert Macalister 1947 1950
William Stevens 1950 1953 Macalister
Ernest Toop 1953 1956
Harry Nankervis 1956 1960 Kitts
William Arcus 1960 1962
Denis McGrath 1962 1965
Matt Benney 1965 1966
Robert Archibald 1966 1970
George Porter 1970 1971
John Jeffries 1971 1974
Ian Lawrence 1974 1983 Fowler
Gavin Wilson 1983 1986 Lawrence
Helene Ritchie 1986 1988 Belich
Terry McDavitt 1988 1989
David Watt 1989 1995
Wilde
Kerry Prendergast 1995 2001 Blumsky
Alick Shaw 2001 2007 Prendergast
Ian McKinnon 2007 2013
Wade-Brown
Justin Lester 2013 2016
Paul Eagle 2016 2017 Lester
Jill Day 2017 2019
Sarah Free 2019 present Foster

Living former mayorsEdit

Six former mayors are alive:

Ian Lawrence (1983–1986) was the most recent former mayor to die on 8 March 2019.[5]

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Hendry, Simon (2 May 2016). "Mayors and councillors' pay will increase by between 1.5 and 3 per cent from July". The Dominion Post. Retrieved 5 October 2016.
  2. ^ Fonseka, Dileepa; Desmarais, Felix (13 October 2019). "Justin Lester out: Andy Foster new Wellington mayor in tight race". The Dominion Post. Retrieved 14 October 2019.
  3. ^ "Municipal Corporations Acts Amendment Act 1875". University of Auckland. 21 October 1875. Retrieved 20 April 2013.
  4. ^ "The Mayoralty Election". The Evening Post. Vol. XII, no. 143. 15 December 1875. p. 2. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
  5. ^ "Former mayor of Wellington Ian Lawrence dies". Retrieved 10 March 2019.

ReferencesEdit

  • Wellington: Biography of a City by Redmer Yska (2006, Reed Books, Auckland) ISBN 9780790011172
  • Betts on Wellington: A City and its Politics by G. M. Betts (1970, Reed, Wellington) ISBN 0-589-00469-7
  • The Birth of a City: Wellington 1840–1843 by A. H. Carman (1970, Wright & Carman, Wellington)
  • No Mean City by Stuart Perry (1969 booklet, Wellington City Council) includes a paragraph and a portrait or photo of each mayor, including Hunter & Guyton.

External linksEdit