Mayor of Kyiv

  (Redirected from Mayor of Kiev)

The Head of Kyiv City (Ukrainian: Київський міський голова, Kyivskyi miskyi holova), unofficially and more commonly the Mayor of Kyiv (Ukrainian: Мер Києва, Mer Kyieva), is elected by popular vote city official who serves as a head of the Kyiv city state administration (the capital of Ukraine) and a chairperson the Kyiv City Council.

Mayor of Kyiv City
2014-09-12 - Vitali Klitschko - 9019.jpg
Incumbent
Vitali Klitschko[1]

since 5 June 2014[1]
AppointerPopular vote
Term length4 years[2]
Inaugural holderLeonid Kosakivsky
Formation1997
Websitekmr.gov.ua

The mayor is elected for the term of four years.[2] Current mayor Vitali Klitschko was sworn in on 5 June 2014.[1] Klitschko won the 25 May 2014 Kyiv mayoral elections with almost 57% of the votes.[3][4]

Elections of mayor of KyivEdit

In March 1990, Kyiv's "First Truly Democratic" elections were announced (see Demokratizatsiya, part of Soviet Perestroika).[5] Dmytro Tabachnyk (ran as the Communist party candidate) and Mikhail Pogrebinsky (ran as an unaffiliated candidate) in an interview with Segodnya claimed that they were truly the most honest elections.[5] The elections took place alongside the 1990 Ukrainian Supreme Soviet election.

Following the political crisis of 1993–94, snap elections were held for to elect the country's president and parliament, as well as local elections.

In 2006, according to the Kyiv City Electoral Commission, Leonid Chernovetskyi won 31.83% of the popular vote, Vitali Klitschko placed second with 23.7%, and incumbent Oleksandr Omelchenko placed third with 21.2%.[6]

As of December 2006, Chernovetskyi's rating had decreased to 8%.[citation needed] This was mostly due to his betrayal of those who elected him, most notably through his increasing of the price of household services (such as water and gas) by 340%.[citation needed]

However, Chernovetskyi won a second term as Mayor of Kyiv with 38% of the vote in the 25 May 2008 snap local election, called by the Verkhovna Rada in March.[7] From the resignation of Chernovetskyi[8][9][10][11] in July 2012 until fresh elections in 2014, Kyiv City Council Secretary and Deputy Mayor Halyna Hereha was the acting Mayor of Kyiv.[12][13][14][15]

In the 2014 Kyiv local election, Vitali Klitschko was elected as mayor of Kyiv with almost 57% of the votes.[3] Klitschko was sworn in as mayor on 5 June 2014.[1][16]

The 2015 Kyiv local election (including mayoral elections) took place on 25 October 2015.[17] A second round of mayoral elections was held on 15 November 2015 between Klitschko and Boryslav Bereza after incumbent Mayor Klitschko scored 40.5% of the vote and Bereza 8.8% in the first round.[18][19] Klitschko won the second round with 66.5%; Bereza gained 33.51% of the votes.[20]

The 2020 Kyiv local election (including mayoral elections) is set for 25 October 2020.[21][22]

Dualism of authority in KyivEdit

An October 2010 Presidential decree relieved then-mayor of Kyiv Leonid Chernovetskyi of the office of Head of Kyiv City Administration, while still preserving the post of mayor.[23] This led to Chernovetskyi being deprived of his official decision-making role and most power in the capital was handed over to the Head of Kyiv City Administration.[11][24][25] At the time that was Oleksandr Popov, who was appointed by President Viktor Yanukovych on 16 November 2010.[11][24][25] Before these amendments, the elected mayor of the Kyiv City Council was automatically appointed also as head of the Kyiv City Administration.[23][26]

Chernovetskyi was not seen in Kyiv for several months after Popov's appointment,[11][27] but returned to the public eye in early 2011.[28][23] By that time, Chernovetskyi had become extremely unpopular among the residents of Kyiv.[29]

Chernovetskyi tendered his resignation on 1 June 2012.[30] The City Council decided on 12 July 2012 that Halyna Hereha would temporarily act as the mayor of the capital city.[30] A petition to the Ukrainian Parliament on holding an early mayoral election in the city was sent (the dates of the early mayoral elections are set by Ukraine's parliament).[30] New elections were held in 2014; Vitali Klitschko was elected as mayor of Kyiv with almost 57% of the votes.[3]

Since 25 June 2014 the post of mayor of Kyiv and Head of Kyiv City Administration have been held by a single person again.[31] This person is Vitali Klitschko, who was sworn in as mayor on 5 June 2014[1] and who was appointed Head of Kyiv City Administration by Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko on 25 June 2014.[31]

Head of Kyiv City (Mayor of Kyiv)Edit

Chairperson the Kyiv City Council (1990–1999)Edit

  • 1990: Arnold Nazarchuk
  • 1990–1991: Hryhoriy Malyshevsky
  • 1991–1992: Oleksandr Mosyuk (acting)
  • 1992–1994: Vasyl Nesternko
  • 1994–1997: Leonid Kosakivsky
  • 1998–1999: Oleksandr Omelchenko

Previous postsEdit

  • 1500 – 1835 Vogt of the city of Kyiv, official title was "Vijt" (Ukrainian: Війт) which is an adaptation of the Polish "Wojt"
    • Vogt was in charge of city magistrate. After the partition of Poland the post was transformed and magistrate became a city court. In 1831 the Magdeburg town rights were abolished in the Russian Empire, except for Kyiv where it was discontinued in 1835 following a transitional period that began in 1781.
  • 1835 – 1919 Head of the city of Kyiv (Russian Empire)
  • 1919 – 1941 Chairperson of the Kyiv Council (Soviet Union)
  • 1941 – 1943 Burgomaster (Nazi Germany)
  • 1990 – 1999 Chairperson of the Kyiv Council
  • 1999 – present Head of the city of Kyiv

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Vitali Klitschko sworn in as Kyiv mayor, Interfax-Ukraine (5 June 2014)
  2. ^ a b Mahera: Elections in Kyiv may be held in May-June Archived 2013-09-02 at the Wayback Machine, forUm (13 February 2013)
  3. ^ a b c Klitschko officially announced as winner of Kyiv mayor election, Interfax-Ukraine (4 June 2014)
  4. ^ Ukraine boxing hero Klitschko claims Kiev mayor seat, The Straits Times (26 May 2014)
  5. ^ a b Tuchynskaya, S., Chalenko, A. How mayors were elected in Kyiv for the past 15 years (Как в Киеве 15 лет мэров выбирали). UkrRudProm. 24 April 2008
  6. ^ "Today Chernovetsky may become the Mayor of Kyiv". Korrespondent (in Ukrainian). April 14, 2006. Retrieved 2008-03-20.
  7. ^ Liang, Yan (May 29, 2008). "Ukraine's Kiev mayor wins re-election". www.chinaview.cn. Xinhua. Archived from the original on February 18, 2009. Retrieved 2008-06-16.
  8. ^ Chernovetsky says he will no longer run for Kyiv mayor, Kyiv Post (16 February 2012)
  9. ^ Danilova, Maria (February 8, 2011). "Missing Kiev mayor back to work - maybe". msnbc.com.
  10. ^ Events by themes: Chernovetsky opened sitting of Kyiv city council, UNIAN (February 24, 2011)
  11. ^ a b c d #14 Richest: Leonid Chernovetsky, 59, Kyiv Post (December 17, 2010)
  12. ^ Рішення Київської міської ради від 12.07.2012 № 649/7986 Про дострокове припинення повноважень Київського міського голови Черновецького Л.М. (in Ukrainian). Kyiv City Council. 12.07.2012. Archived from the original on 11 August 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2013. Check date values in: |date= (help)
  13. ^ "Kyiv City Council accepts Mayor Chernovetsky's resignation".[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ Kyiv’s hot races: City mayor vs. Svoboda activist[permanent dead link], Kyiv Post (30 October 2012)
    Svoboda activist snatches victory in a tight race with Kyiv mayor[permanent dead link], Kyiv Post (31 October 2012)
  15. ^ "Decision on appointment of Mayor of Kyiv". Archived from the original on 2013-08-11. Retrieved 2012-10-20.
  16. ^ Parliament sets elections for Kyiv mayor and Kyiv City Council deputies for May 25, Interfax-Ukraine (25 February 2014)
  17. ^ "Klitschko undisputed leader in elections for Kyiv mayor, while second round possible - Savik Shuster Studio exit poll".
  18. ^ "With 100% of ballots counted, Klitschko, Bereza to stand in Kyiv mayoral election runoff".
  19. ^ "Klitschko, MP Bereza enter 2nd round of Kyiv mayor election".
  20. ^ "Kyiv Mayor Klitschko reelected with 66.5% of vote, 100% of ballot protocols processed - preliminary data". en.interfax.com.ua. Retrieved 22 December 2019.
  21. ^ (in Ukrainian) "Servant of the people" chose a candidate for mayor of Kyiv, Ukrayinska Pravda (16 July 2020)
  22. ^ Rada appoints next elections to local self-govt bodies for Oct 25, Interfax-Ukraine (15 July 2020)
  23. ^ a b c Political Risks and Political Stability in Ukraine, UCIPR (October 2010)
  24. ^ a b Popov: Activity of city council and city head limited, Kyiv Post (February 1, 2011)
  25. ^ a b Party of Regions leader: 'Pre-term mayoral elections in Kyiv are pointless', Kyiv Post (November 18, 2011)
  26. ^ Political Risks and Political Stability in Ukraine, UCIPR (October 2010)
  27. ^ Azarov asks “to find Chernovetskyi by all means”, UNIAN (January 28, 2011)
  28. ^ Missing Kiev mayor back to work _ maybe, The Washington Post (February 8, 2011)
  29. ^ Poll: 80 percent of Kyivans want mayor to resign, Kyiv Post (26 March 2009)
  30. ^ a b c Hereha sends petition to parliament on holding of early mayoral election in Kyiv, Kyiv Post (19 July 2012)
  31. ^ a b Poroshenko appoints Klitschko head of Kyiv city administration - decree, Interfax-Ukraine (25 June 2014)
    Poroshenko orders Klitschko to bring title of best European capital back to Kyiv, Interfax-Ukraine (25 June 2014)
  32. ^ Victory goes to Chernovetsky, "Our Ukraine" almost passes "Regions" (Черновецькому нарахували перемогу, "Наша Україна" ледь обігнала "регіони"). Ukrayinska Pravda. 31 March 2006
  33. ^ (in Russian) Halyna Hereha resigns, Komsomolskaya Pravda in Ukraine (13 June 2014)