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Mayor of Kiev, official title Head of the Kiev City (Ukrainian: Київський міський голова, Kyivskyi miskyi holova) is elected by popular vote city official who serves as a head of the Kiev city state administration (the capital of Ukraine) and a chairperson the Kiev City Council. Unofficially it is also known and widely used as Mayor of Kiev (Ukrainian: Мер Києва, Mer Kyieva).

Mayor of Kiev City
Kiev City Council.jpg
2014-09-12 - Vitali Klitschko - 9019.jpg
Incumbent
Vitali Klitschko[1]

since 5 June 2014[1]
AppointerPopular vote
Term length4 years[2]
Inaugural holderLeonid Kosakivsky
Formation1997
Websitekmr.gov.ua

The mayor is elected for the term of four years.[2] Current mayor Vitali Klitschko was sworn in on 5 June 2014.[1] Klitschko had won the 25 May 2014 Kiev mayoral elections with almost 57% of the votes.[3][4]

Elections of mayor of KievEdit

In March of 1990 it was officially announced about the "First Truly Democratic" elections (see Demokratizatsiya, part of Soviet Perestroika).[5] Dmytro Tabachnyk (ran as Communist candidate) and Mikhail Pogrebinsky (ran as unaffiliated) in interview to Segodnya claimed that those were truly the most honest elections.[5] Those elections was taking place along the 1990 Ukrainian Supreme Soviet election.

Following a political crisis of 1993–94, there were held snap elections for president, parliament as well as local elections.

According to the Kiev City Electoral Commission, Chernovetsky won in 2006 31.83% of the popular vote, Vitali Klitschko placed second with 23.7%, and incumbent Oleksandr Omelchenko placed third with 21.2%.[6]

As of December 2006, the rating of Chernovetsky decreased to 8%.[citation needed] That is mostly due to his betrayal of those who elected him, most notably through his increasing of the price of household services (such as hot and cold running water and gas) by 340%.

Leonid Chernovetskyi won another term as Mayor of Kiev with 38% of the vote in the May 25, 2008 snap local election, called on by the Verkhovna Rada in March.[7] Since the resignation of Chernovetsky[8][9][10][11] in July 2012, the Kiev City Council Secretary and Deputy Mayor Halyna Hereha was the acting Mayor of Kiev.[12][13][14][15]

In the 2014 Kiev local election Vitali Klitschko won the election for mayor of Kiev with almost 57% of the votes.[3] Klitschko was sworn in as mayor on 5 June 2014.[1][16]

The last Kiev local election (including Mayoral elections) took place on 25 October 2015.[17] A second round of Mayoral elections will be held on 15 November 2015 between Klitschko and Boryslav Bereza after incumbent Mayor Klitschko scored 40.5% of the vote and Bereza 8.8% in the first round.[18][19]

Dualism of authority in KievEdit

An October 2010 Presidential decree relieved (then) mayor of Kiev Leonid Chernovetsky of the office of Head of Kiev City Administration, while still preserving the post of mayor.[20] This led to Chernovetsky being deprived of any official decision-making role and most power in the capital was handed over to the Head of Kiev City Administration.[11][21][22] At that time that was Oleksandr Popov who was appointed by President Viktor Yanukovych on 16 November 2010.[11][21][22] Before these amendments, the elected mayor of the Kiev City Council was automatically appointed also as head of the Kiev City City Administration.[20][23]

Chernovetsky was not seen in Kiev for several months after Popov's appointment.[11][24] But returned to the public eye early 2011.[25][20] Among the city residents of Kiev, Chernovetskyi had become extremely unpopular.[26]

Chernovetsky tendered his resignation on 1 June 2012.[27] The City Council decided on 12 July 2012 that Halyna Hereha would temporarily act as the mayor of the capital city.[27] A petition to the Ukrainian Parliament on holding an early mayoral election in the city was sent (the date of the early mayoral election is set by this parliament).[27] But as of January 2013 the Ukrainian Parliament has set no date for these elections.[28]

But since 25 June 2014 the post of mayor of Kiev and Head of Kiev City Administration are held by the same person again.[29] This person is Vitali Klitschko who was sworn in as mayor on 5 June 2014[1] and who was appointed Head of Kiev City Administration by Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko on 25 June 2014.[29]

Head (Mayor) of the Kiev CityEdit

Chairperson the Kiev City Council (1990–1999)Edit

  • 1990: Arnold Nazarchuk
  • 1990–1991: Hryhoriy Malyshevsky
  • 1991–1992: Oleksandr Mosyuk (acting)
  • 1992–1994: Vasyl Nesternko
  • 1994–1999: Leonid Kosakivsky

Previous postsEdit

  • 1500 – 1835 Vogt of the Kiev City, official title was "Vijt" (Ukrainian: Війт) which is an adaptation of the Polish "Wojt"
    • Vogt was in charge of city magistrate. After the partition of Poland the post was transformed and magistrate became a city court. In 1831 the Magdeburg town rights were abolished in the Russian Empire, except for Kiev where it was discontinued in 1835. During 1781 – 1835 it was a transitional period.
  • 1835 – 1919 Head of the Kiev City (Russian Empire)
  • 1919 – 1941 Chairperson of the Kiev Council (Soviet Union)
  • 1941 – 1943 Burgomaster (Nazi Germany)
  • 1990 – 1999 Chairperson of the Kiev Council
  • 1999 – present Head of the Kiev City

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Vitali Klitschko sworn in as Kiev mayor, Interfax-Ukraine (5 June 2014)
  2. ^ a b Mahera: Elections in Kiev may be held in May-June Archived 2013-09-02 at the Wayback Machine, forUm (13 February 2013)
  3. ^ a b Klitschko officially announced as winner of Kiev mayor election, Interfax-Ukraine (4 June 2014)
  4. ^ Ukraine boxing hero Klitschko claims Kiev mayor seat, The Straits Times (26 May 2014)
  5. ^ a b Tuchynskaya, S., Chalenko, A. How in Kiev for last 15 years mayors were elected (Как в Киеве 15 лет мэров выбирали). UkrRudProm. 24 April 2008
  6. ^ "Today Chernovetsky may become the Mayor of Kiev". Korrespondent (in Ukrainian). April 14, 2006. Retrieved 2008-03-20.
  7. ^ Liang, Yan (May 29, 2008). "Ukraine's Kiev mayor wins re-election". www.chinaview.cn. Xinhua. Archived from the original on February 18, 2009. Retrieved 2008-06-16. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  8. ^ Chernovetsky says he will no longer run for Kiev mayor, Kiev Post (16 February 2012)
  9. ^ Danilova, Maria (February 8, 2011). "Missing Kiev mayor back to work - maybe". msnbc.com.
  10. ^ Events by themes: Chernovetsky opened sitting of Kiev city council, UNIAN (February 24, 2011)
  11. ^ a b c d #14 Richest: Leonid Chernovetsky, 59, Kiev Post (December 17, 2010)
  12. ^ Рішення Київської міської ради від 12.07.2012 № 649/7986 Про дострокове припинення повноважень Київського міського голови Черновецького Л.М. (in Ukrainian). Kiev City Council. 12.07.2012. Archived from the original on 11 August 2013. Retrieved 26 August 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help); Check date values in: |date= (help)
  13. ^ "Kiev City Council accepts Mayor Chernovetsky's resignation".[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ Kiev’s hot races: City mayor vs. Svoboda activist[permanent dead link], Kiev Post (30 October 2012)
    Svoboda activist snatches victory in a tight race with Kiev mayor[permanent dead link], Kiev Post (31 October 2012)
  15. ^ "Decision on appointment of Mayor of Kiev". Archived from the original on 2013-08-11. Retrieved 2012-10-20. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  16. ^ Parliament sets elections for Kiev mayor and Kiev City Council deputies for May 25, Interfax-Ukraine (25 February 2014)
  17. ^ "Klitschko undisputed leader in elections for Kyiv mayor, while second round possible - Savik Shuster Studio exit poll".
  18. ^ "With 100% of ballots counted, Klitschko, Bereza to stand in Kyiv mayoral election runoff".
  19. ^ "Klitschko, MP Bereza enter 2nd round of Kyiv mayor election".
  20. ^ a b c Political Risks and Political Stability in Ukraine, UCIPR (October 2010)
  21. ^ a b Popov: Activity of city council and city head limited, Kiev Post (February 1, 2011)
  22. ^ a b Party of Regions leader: 'Pre-term mayoral elections in Kiev are pointless', Kiev Post (November 18, 2011)
  23. ^ Political Risks and Political Stability in Ukraine, UCIPR (October 2010)
  24. ^ Azarov asks “to find Chernovetskyi by all means”, UNIAN (January 28, 2011)
  25. ^ Missing Kiev mayor back to work _ maybe, The Washington Post (February 8, 2011)
  26. ^ Poll: 80 percent of Kievans want mayor to resign, Kiev Post (26 March 2009)
  27. ^ a b c Hereha sends petition to parliament on holding of early mayoral election in Kiev, Kiev Post (19 July 2012)
  28. ^ Lytvyn: Date for mayoral election in Kiev to be determined after parliamentary elections[permanent dead link], Kiev Post (29 August 2012)
    Speaker: Elections in Kiev may be held in spring of 2013[permanent dead link], Kiev Post (24 November 2012)
    Klitschko party proposes holding mayoral election in Kiev on June 3[permanent dead link], Kiev Post (13 December 2012)
  29. ^ a b Poroshenko appoints Klitschko head of Kiev city administration - decree, Interfax-Ukraine (25 June 2014)
    Poroshenko orders Klitschko to bring title of best European capital back to Kiev, Interfax-Ukraine (25 June 2014)
  30. ^ A victory was awarded to Chernovetsky, "Our Ukraine" almost passed "Regions" (Черновецькому нарахували перемогу, "Наша Україна" ледь обігнала "регіони"). Ukrayinska Pravda. 31 March 2006
  31. ^ (in Russian) Halyna Hereha resign, Komsomolskaya Pravda in Ukraine (13 June 2014)