Maximilian Fretter-Pico

Maximilian Fretter-Pico (6 February 1892 – 4 April 1984) was a German general during World War II. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves of Nazi Germany.

Maximilian Fretter-Pico
Born6 February 1892
Karlsruhe, German Empire
Died4 April 1984 (1984-04-05) (aged 92)
Kreuth, West Germany
Allegiance German Empire
 Weimar Republic
 Nazi Germany
Years of service1910–45
RankGeneral of the Artillery
Commands heldXXX. Armeekorps
6th Army
Battles/warsWorld War I
World War II
AwardsKnight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
RelationsOtto Fretter-Pico (brother)


Fretter-Pico was born in Karlsruhe, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Fretter-Pico entered service in 1910 with the Prussian Army and served in World War I. During the inter-war years, he remained in the German military; in 1938, he was posted to Turkey as a military attaché.

During Operation Barbarossa, the 1941 invasion of the Soviet Union, Fretter-Pico commanded the 97th Jäger Division in Army Group South. On 27 December 1941, he was given command of XXX Corps, which participated in the Battle of Sevastopol in southern Ukraine. Fretter-Pico was promoted to a full general in June 1942. He remained the commanding officer of XXX Corps until mid-1944, and then commanded the 6th Army for the remainder of the year. In March 1945, he was given command of Wehrkreis IX (Kassel). He surrendered to the American Forces on 22 April 1945 and was interned until 1947. Fretter-Pico died at Bad Wiessee in Bavaria, Germany.

He was the elder brother of Otto Fretter-Pico, also a German general during World War II.


Family grave in Berlin-Kreuzberg.



  1. ^ a b c d e f Wegmann 2010, p. 163.
  2. ^ Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 122.
  3. ^ a b Scherzer 2007, p. 318.


  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8.
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
  • Wegmann, Günter (2010). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Deutschen Wehrmacht 1939–1945 Teil III: Infanterie Band 7: Fl–Fu [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the German Wehrmacht 1939–1945 Part III: Infantry Volume 7: Fl–Fu] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2380-1.
Military offices
Preceded by
General der Infanterie Sigismund von Förster
Commander of 97. Infanterie-Division
15 April 1941 – 27 December 1941
Succeeded by
Generalleutnant Ernst Rupp
Preceded by
Generaloberst Hans von Salmuth
Commander of XXX. Armeekorps
27 December 1941 – 4 July 1944
Succeeded by
General der Kavallerie Philipp Kleffel
Preceded by
General Maximilian de Angelis
Commander of 6. Armee
17 July 1944 – 22 December 1944
Succeeded by
General Hermann Balck