Matsudaira Hirotada

Matsudaira Hirotada (松平 広忠, June 9, 1526 – April 3, 1549) was the lord of Okazaki Castle in Mikawa province, Japan during the Sengoku Period of the 16th century. He is best known for being the father of Tokugawa Ieyasu, founder of the Tokugawa Shogunate.[1]

Matsudaira Hirotada
松平 広忠
Head of Matsudaira clan
In office
1535–1549
Preceded byMatsudaira Kiyoyasu
Succeeded byTokugawa Ieyasu
Personal details
Born9 June 1526
Died3 April 1549(1549-04-03) (aged 22)
Okazaki, Aichi
Spouse(s)Odai no Kata
Makihime
ChildrenTokugawa Ieyasu
Parents
Military service
AllegianceJapanese crest Imagawa Akadori.svg Imagawa clan
UnitTokugawa family crest.svg Matsudaira clan
CommandsOkazaki Castle
Battles/warsSiege of Anjō Castle (1540)
Battle of Azukizaka (1542)
Battle of Azukizaka (1548)

BiographyEdit

Hirotada was the son of Matsudaira Kiyoyasu (seventh head of the Mikawa Matsudaira clan). He was known in his childhood as Senshōmaru, Senchiyo, and Jirōzaburō.

After his father's assassination in 1535, Hirotada was placed under the protection of a loyal retainer, Abe Sadayoshi. He allied with the Imagawa, and with their help was installed at Okazaki castle. The alliance with them brought him into conflict with the Oda clan.

In 1540, Oda Nobuhide attacked and took Anjō castle, which was held by the Matsudaira family. Hirotada was assisted by Mizuno Tadamasa. After took Anji castle, Oda Nobuhide's son, Oda Nobuhiro, was installed as the lord of the castle.

In 1541, Hirotada married Mizuno Tadamasa's daughter, Okichi. A son, was born to them a year later, Matsudaira Takechiyo later known as Tokugawa Ieyasu.

Hirotada joined Imagawa Yoshimoto to fight Oda Nobuhide at the First Battle of Azukizaka in 1542, and were defeated.

In 1543, his uncle, Matsudaira Nobutaka, rebelled and joined Oda Nobuhide. Hirotada had a serious disagreement with his father-in-law, Mizuno Tadamasa. Later in 1544, he divorced Tadamasa daughter, Okichi. He then married the daughter of Toda Yasumitsu, Makihime.

In 1549, when his son Matsudaira Takechiyo (later known as Tokugawa Ieyasu) was six years old, Hirotada was murdered by his own vassals, who had been bribed by the Oda clan.

 
Grave of Matsudaira Hirotada at Daiju-ji in Okazaki, Aichi.

He was posthumously conferred the rank of Dainagon by his son Ieyasu in 1612.

FamilyEdit

ParentsEdit

Status image Name posthumous Name Birth Death Parents
Father   Matsudaira Kiyoyasu Zentokuin-dono nenshoudohodaikoji September 28, 1511 December 29, 1535 Matsudaira Nobutada (1490-September 8, 1531),
Okochi Mitsunari's daughter
Mother Haruhime Matsudaira Masayasu (d.1525) of Ōkusa-Matsudaira clan

Wives and concubinesEdit

Status Image Name posthumous Name Birth Death Parents Children
First Wife (divorce 1544)   Odai no Kata Denzū-in 1528 October 13, 1602 Mizuno Tadamasa
Otomi-no-Kata
Matsudaira Motonobu
Second Wife Makihime Toda Yasumitsu (d.1547) Ichibahime (d.1593) married to Arakawa Yoshihiro later to Tsutsui Sadatsugu of Iga-Ueno Domain
Concubine Ohisa-no-kata Matsudaira Norimasa of Ogyu-Matsudaira clan Matsudaira Tadamasa (1544-1591)
Esai
Concubine Hirahara Clan Yadahime married Matsudaira Yasutada (1546–1618) of Nagasawa-Matsudaira clan
Concubine Omiyu-no-Kata Matsudaira Iemoto
Concubine Naito Clan Naito Nobunari of Nagahama Domain

ChildrenEdit

Image Name posthumous Name Birth Death Mother Spouse Children
  Matsudaira Motonobu Hogo Onkokuin January 31, 1543 June 1, 1616 Odai-no-Kata First: Lady Tsukiyama
Second: Asahi no kata
By First: Tokugawa Nobuyasu
Kamehime married Okudaira Nobumasa of Kano Domain
By Concubines: First: Tokuhime married Hojo Ujinao later Ikeda Terumasa of Himeji Domain
Yuki Hideyasu of Fukui Domain
Tokugawa Hidetada
Matsudaira Tadayoshi of Fukui Domain
Furi-hime (1580-1617) married to Gamō Hideyuki of Aizu Domain later Asano Nagaakira of Hiroshima Domain
Takeda Nobuyoshi of Mito Domain
Matsudaira Tadateru of Takada Domain
Matsudaira Matsuchiyo of Fukaya Domain
Tokugawa Yoshinao of Owari Domain
Tokugawa Yorinobu of Kishu Domain
Tokugawa Yorifusa of Mito Domain
Senchiyo (1595-1600)
Matsuhime (1595-1598)
Ichi-hime (1607-1610)
Matsudaira Tadamasa 1544 1591 Ohisa-no-Kata Matsudaira Nagakiyo
Esai Ohisa-no-Kata
Yadahime Hirahara clan's daughter Matsudaira Yasutada (1546–1618) of Nagasawa-Matsudaira clan Matsudaira Yasunao (1569–1593) of Fukaya Domain
Matsudaira Iemoto Shogenin 1548 September 19, 1603 Omiyu-no-Kata
  Naito Nobunari of Nagahama Domain Denzun-in-dono Yōtakesōkendaikoji June 13, 1545 August 20, 1612 Naito clan's daughter Awao Nagakatsu's daughter Naito Nobumasa (1568–1626) of Nagahama Domain
Naito Nobuhiro (1592–1649)
Daughter married Sanjo clan's man
Daughter married Ide Masanobu
Daughter married Endō Toshiharu
Daughter married Niwa Sadaaki later Momiyama Sadamasa
Ichibahime June 1, 1593 Makihime First: Arakawa Yoshihiro
Second: Tsutsui Sadatsugu of Iga-Ueno Domain
Arakawa Hirotsuna
Arakawa Ienori
daughter married Matsudaira Kanemitsu
Matsudaira Chikayoshi

AncestryEdit

[2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Turnbull, Stephen (1987). Battles of the Samurai. Arms and Armour Press. p. 34. ISBN 0853688265.
  2. ^ "Genealogy". Reichsarchiv (in Japanese). Retrieved 17 December 2017.