Imagawa clan

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Imagawa clan (Japanese: 今川氏, Hepburn: Imagawa-uji) was a Japanese samurai clan that claimed descent from the Seiwa Genji by way of the Kawachi Genji. It was a branch of the Minamoto clan by the Ashikaga clan.

Imagawa
今川
Ashikaga mon.svg
The emblem (mon) of the Imagawa clan
Home provinceMikawa
Suruga
Tōtōmi
Parent houseAshikaga clan
TitlesVarious
FounderImagawa Kuniji (Ashikaga Kuniuji)
Founding year13th century
Cadet branchesHorikoshi clan
Sena clan
Japanese crest Imagawa Akadori.svg

OriginsEdit

 
Monument of the birthplace of Imagawa clan(Nishio, Aichi Prefecture

Ashikaga Kuniuji, grandson of Ashikaga Yoshiuji, established himself in the 13th century at Imagawa (Mikawa Province) and took its name.

Imagawa Norikuni (1295–1384) received from his cousin the shōgun Ashikaga Takauji the province of Tōtōmi, and later that of Suruga.

Located atEdit

Ounami no Kori, Mikawa (modern day Nishio, Aichi) mainly Suruga Province and Tōtōmi Province during the Warring States period

CrestsEdit

  • Two hikiryou
  • Yoshimoto's version of the akaitori (pictured)
  • Two hikiryou and a paulownia planted in white soil

Major figuresEdit

Muromachi eraEdit

Sengoku eraEdit

After the death of Yoshimoto at the Battle of Okehazama in 1560, during the Sengoku period, many Imagawa officers defected to other clans. Within a decade, the clan had lost all of its land holdings to the Tokugawa and Takeda clans. The Imagawa subsequently became masters of ceremonies in the service of the Tokugawa clan.[1]

Clan castlesEdit

Separated by province name.

Edo periodEdit

Key genealogiesEdit

Emperor Seiwa
Minamoto no Yoriyoshi
"Hachimantaro" Yoshiie"Shinra Saburō" Yoshimitsu
Takeda clan
Minamoto no YoshichikaMinamoto no YoshikuniMinamoto no YoshinariTakeda Yoshikiyo
Ashikaga clanNitta clanSatake clan
Minamoto no TameyoshiAshikaga YoshiyasuNitta YoshishigeSatake Masayoshi
Minamoto no YoshitomoAshikaga Yoshikane
Kamakura Shogun
Minamoto no Yoritomo
Ashikaga Yoshiuji
Kira clan
Ashikaga YasuujiKira Osauji
Imagawa clan
Ashikaga YoriujiKira MitsujiImagawa Kuniuji
Ashikaga Ietoki
Ashikaga Sadauji
Muromachi Shogun
Ashikaga Takauji
Nitta Yoshisada

Suruga

Tōtōmi

Tōtōmi (Horikoshi branch)

Tōtōmi (Sena branch)

Notable membersEdit

Notable retainersEdit

Popular cultureEdit

Imagawa is a playable nation in Europa Universalis IV.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ (in Japanese) "Suruga Imagawa-shi" on Harimaya.com (12 July 2008)

ReferencesEdit