Marylebone (UK Parliament constituency)
Marylebone was a parliamentary constituency in Middlesex, England from 1832 to 1885. The parliamentary borough formed part of the built up area of London, and returned two members to the House of Commons of the UK Parliament and was created under the Reform Act 1832. It was abolished by the Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885 which split it into 8 seats.
|Former Borough constituency|
for the House of Commons
The London urban seats including new, 1832, ones taking parts of Middlesex, Surrey and West Kent. Akin to the Metropolitan Board of Works Area (after 1889 the mainstay of the County of London)
|Number of members||two|
|Replaced by||Marylebone East, Marylebone West, Paddington North, Paddington South, St Pancras East, St Pancras North, St Pancras South and St Pancras West|
The commissioners appointed to fix parliamentary boundaries recommended that the part of St Pancras parish north of the Regent's Canal should not form part of the constituency and should remain in the parliamentary county of Middlesex as this was still a largely rural area. The inhabitants of St. Pancras, however, petitioned parliament for the inclusion of the entire parish, and this was accepted.
In 1885 the entity was split into eight new single-member divisions. These were Marylebone East, Marylebone West, Paddington North, Paddington South, St. Pancras East, St. Pancras North, St. Pancras South and St. Pancras West.
Members of ParliamentEdit
- 1 Election of Whalley in 1837 declared void on petition, as he could not prove his eligibility.
- 2 A peer of Ireland.
Turnout, in multi-member elections, is estimated by dividing the number of votes by two. To the extent that electors did not use both their votes, the figure given will be an underestimate.
Change is calculated for individual candidates, when a party had more than one candidate in an election or the previous one. When a party had only one candidate in an election and the previous one change is calculated for the party vote.
Elections in the 1830sEdit
|Radical||Leslie Grove Jones||316||2.9||N/A|
|Whig win (new seat)|
|Whig win (new seat)|
Portsman resigned by accepting the office of Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds, causing a by-election.
|Tory||Henry Thomas Hope||2,055||34.9||New|
|Whig||Charles Murray †||791||13.4||−55.7|
|Radical gain from Whig||Swing||+41.0|
|Radical||Gilbert Ainslie Young||378||4.7||+1.8|
|Radical gain from Whig||Swing||+9.4|
|Radical||Gilbert Ainslie Young||764||6.8||+2.1|
Whalley's election was declared void on petition, due to him having insufficient estate to qualify, causing a by-election.
|Radical||Thomas Perronet Thompson||186||2.3||−34.5|
|Conservative gain from Radical||Swing||+29.7|
Elections in the 1840sEdit
|Conservative||Benjamin Bond Cabbell||3,410||21.2||+8.1|
|Conservative||James John Hamilton||3,383||21.0||+7.9|
|Chartist||William Villiers Sankey||61||0.4||N/A|
|Conservative||James John Hamilton||3,677||24.4||+3.2|
|Turnout||7,525 (est)||48.0 (est)||−23.2|
|Whig gain from Radical||Swing||+15.4|
Elections in the 1850sEdit
Hall was appointed President of the General Board of Health, requiring a by-election.
Stuart's death caused a by-election.
Hall was appointed First Commissioner of Works and Public Buildings, requiring a by-election.
|Radical gain from Whig|
|Turnout||5,948 (est)||29.0 (est)||N/A|
Hall succeeded to the peerage, becoming Lord Llanover and causing a by-election.
|Liberal||Lothian Sheffield Dickson||1,083||14.2||N/A|
Elections in the 1860sEdit
James' resignation caused a by-election.
|Liberal||George Wingrove Cooke||2,369||23.0||N/A|
|Liberal||John Clark Marshman||65||0.6||N/A|
|Turnout||8,884 (est)||37.7 (est)||+4.7|
|Turnout||18,427 (est)||51.8 (est)||+14.1|
Elections in the 1870sEdit
|Turnout||18,063 (est)||58.8 (est)||+7.0|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+7.6|
Elections in the 1880sEdit
|Conservative||Frederick Seager Hunt||11,888||22.9||+4.1|
|Turnout||25,964 (est)||73.1 (est)||N/A|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||−3.5|
- Constituency abolished (1885)
- Representation of the People Act 1832 c.45 Sch.L
- Parliamentary Boundaries Act 1832 c.64 Sch.O
- Commissioners on Proposed Division of Counties and Boundaries of Boroughs (1832). Parliamentary representation: further return to an address to His Majesty, dated 12 December, 1831; for copies of instructions given by the Secretary of State for the Home department with reference to Parliamentary representation; likewise copies of letters of reports received by the Secretary of state for the Home department in answer to such instructions. London. p. 118.
- "House of Commons Debates". Hansard 1803-2005. 12: c752. 8 May 1832. Retrieved 20 October 2018.
- Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 212–213. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
- Farrell, Stephen (2009). "PORTMAN, Edward Berkeley II (1799–1888), of Bryanston, Dorset". The History of Parliament. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
- Maccoby, S. (2002). "Election Pledges IN 1832". English Radicalism: 1832–1852. London: Routledge. p. 68. ISBN 0-415-26573-8. Retrieved 5 September 2019 – via Google Books.
- Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer. p. 233. Retrieved 5 September 2019 – via Google Books.
- The Annual Register, Or, A View of the History and Politics of the Year ..., Volume 83. J.G. & F. Rivington. 1842. p. 65. Retrieved 4 April 2018 – via Google Books.
- "The General Election". Hampshire Telegraph. 3 July 1852. p. 6. Retrieved 13 May 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "London Electoral History — Steps Towards Democracy: 6.3 History of Elections in Marylebone, 1837–1841" (PDF). London Electoral History 1700-1850. Newcastle University. p. 4. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
- Hawkins, Angus (2007). "Colonies and Corn Laws: 1841-1845". The Forgotten Prime Minister: The 14th Earl of Derby. Volume I: Ascent: 1799-1851. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 237. ISBN 978-0-19-920440-3. Retrieved 13 May 2018 – via Google Books.
- Wise, Sarah (2012). The Italian Boy: Murder and Grave-Robbery in 1830s London (Illustrated ed.). Random House. p. 90. ISBN 9781448162246. Retrieved 4 April 2018 – via Google Books.
- "The General Election". Morning Post. 24 July 1847. p. 3. Retrieved 22 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Sanders, Lloyd Charles (1912). . Dictionary of National Biography (2nd supplement). London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Steele, E. D. (1991). "At home". Palmerston and Liberalism, 1855-1865. Cambridge University Press. p. 100. ISBN 9780521400459. Retrieved 4 April 2018 – via Google Books.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 14–15. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "Mr Murray Resigns". The Times. 19 March 1833. p. 5.
- Brooke, James Williamson (1839). The Democrats of Marylebone. London: William Jones Cleaver. pp. 144–145 – via Google Books.
- "History of Elections in Marylebone, 1837–1841" (PDF). London Electoral History 1700–1850. Newcastle University. p. 2. Retrieved 5 September 2019.
- "The Political Examiner". 26 June 1841. pp. 1–4. Retrieved 23 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The Scotsman". 23 June 1841. p. 3. Retrieved 23 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Marylebone". Northern Warder and General Advertiser for the Counties of Fife, Perth and Forfar. 6 July 1841. p. 2. Retrieved 23 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The General Election". Morning Post. 31 July 1847. pp. 2–4. Retrieved 23 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "This Day". Globe. 31 July 1847. p. 2. Retrieved 23 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Matthew, H.C.G. (2004). "Oxford DNB article: Fortescue, Hugh". Oxford University Press (subscription needed). Retrieved 23 November 2008.
- "The Nomination". Bell's Weekly Messenger. 26 February 1859. p. 6. Retrieved 4 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "County Intelligence". Dover Express. 19 February 1859. p. 4. Retrieved 4 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Marylebone Election". Marylebone Mercury. 2 July 1859. p. 1. Retrieved 4 April 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The Times and the Marylebone Election". Dunfermline Saturday Press. Fife. 20 April 1861. p. 3. Retrieved 2 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Marylebone Election". London Evening Standard. 18 April 1861. pp. 5–6. Retrieved 2 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1977)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832-1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume II 1886-1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1978)
- The Times, 8th Dec. 1884; p. 13.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "M" (part 1)
- MAPCO: Map And Plan Collection Online - Topographical Survey Of The Borough Of St. Marylebone 1834