St Marylebone (UK Parliament constituency)

St Marylebone was a parliamentary constituency centred on the Marylebone district of Central London. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

St Marylebone
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
19181983
Number of membersone
Replaced byWestminster North and City of London and Westminster South[1]
Created fromMarylebone East and Marylebone West

It was created for the 1918 general election, and abolished for the 1983 general election.

St Marylebone in London 1918-50
St Marylebone in London 1950-74

BoundariesEdit

Statutory descriptionEdit

Final approximate outline of this seat. Click for surrounding seats. (Colouring: Feb 1974 results)

1918–1950: The Metropolitan Borough of St Marylebone wards of Bryanston Square, Cavendish, Church Street, Dorset Square and Regent's Park, Hamilton Terrace, Langham, Park Crescent, Portman, and St John's Wood Terrace.

1950–1974: The Metropolitan Borough of St Marylebone wards of Bell Street, Bryanston Square, Cavendish Square, Church Street, Dorset Square, Hamilton Terrace, Lord's, Park Crescent, Portman Square, and St John's Wood Terrace

1974–1983: The City of Westminster wards of Baker Street, Cavendish, Church Street, Lord's, and Regent's Park

No substantive changeEdit

As shown by the maps, inset, there was no change in substance to the outer ward boundaries of this constituency during its lifetime.

Members of ParliamentEdit

Year Member Party
1918 Sir Samuel Scott Unionist
1922 Sir Douglas Hogg Unionist
1928 Sir Rennell Rodd Unionist
1932 Alec Cunningham-Reid Conservative
1945 Sir Wavell Wakefield Conservative
1963 Quintin Hogg Conservative
1970 Kenneth Baker Conservative
1983 constituency abolished

ElectionsEdit

Elections in the 1910sEdit

General election 1918: St Marylebone[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
C Unionist Samuel Scott Unopposed
Unionist win (new seat)
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920sEdit

General election 1922: St Marylebone[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Douglas Hogg Unopposed
Unionist hold
General election 1923: St Marylebone[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Douglas Hogg 16,763 66.6 N/A
Labour James Jonas Dodd 8,424 33.4 New
Majority 8,339 33.2 N/A
Turnout 25,187 52.5 N/A
Unionist hold Swing N/A
General election 1924: St Marylebone[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Douglas Hogg 24,359 73.5 +6.9
Labour George Edward Elmer 8,782 26.5 -6.9
Majority 8,339 47.0 +13.8
Turnout 33,141 65.5 +13.0
Unionist hold Swing +6.9
1928 St Marylebone by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Rennell Rodd 12,859 56.1 -17.4
Labour David Amyas Ross 6,721 29.4 +2.9
Liberal Basil Murray 3,318 14.5 New
Majority 6,138 26.7 -20.3
Turnout 22,898 43.1 -22.4
Unionist hold Swing -10.1
General election 1929: St Marylebone[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Rennell Rodd 26,247 61.4 -12.1
Labour David Amyas Ross 10,960 25.7 -0.8
Liberal Cyril Picciotto 5,520 12.9 N/A
Majority 15,287 35.7 -11.3
Turnout 42,727 57.3 -8.2
Unionist hold Swing -4.5

Elections in the 1930sEdit

General election 1931: St Marylebone[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rennell Rodd 39,976 86.7 +25.3
Labour Ernest Whitfield 6,147 13.3 -12.4
Majority 33,829 73.4 +36.7
Turnout 46,123 63.5 +6.2
Conservative hold Swing +18.3
1932 St Marylebone by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alec Cunningham-Reid 11,677 52.3 -34.4
Ind. Conservative Basil Blackett 10,664 47.7 New
Majority 1,013 4.6 -68.8
Turnout 22,341 30.8 -32.7
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1935: St Marylebone[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alec Cunningham-Reid 31,183 79.6 -7.1
Labour Elizabeth Jacobs 8,088 20.4 New
Majority 23,175 59.2 -14.2
Turnout 39,271 57.9 -5.6
Conservative hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1940sEdit

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

General election 1945: St Marylebone[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Wavell Wakefield 15,891 47.9 -31.7
Labour Elizabeth Jacobs 10,740 32.4 +12.0
Ind. Conservative Alec Cunningham-Reid 3,824 11.5 New
Liberal Thomas Lodge 2,711 8.2 New
Majority 5,151 15.5 -43.7
Turnout 33,166 68.3 +10.4
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950sEdit

General election 1950: St Marylebone[4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Wavell Wakefield 26,310 60.7 +12.8
Labour John Silkin 12,890 29.7 -2.7
Liberal Bjorn Guy 4,149 9.6 +1.4
Majority 13,420 31.0 N/A
Turnout 43,349 75.2 +6.9
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General election 1951: St Marylebone[4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Wavell Wakefield 28,783 67.3 +6.6
Labour William Balfour 13,964 32.7 +3.0
Majority 14,819 34.6 +3.6
Turnout 42,747 70.3 -4.9
Conservative hold Swing +1.8
General election 1955: St Marylebone[4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Wavell Wakefield 26,302 70.7 +3.4
Labour Ivan Michael Yates 10,903 29.3 -3.4
Majority 15,399 41.4 +6.8
Turnout 37,205 64.5 -5.8
Conservative hold Swing +3.4
General election 1959: St Marylebone[4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Wavell Wakefield 23,278 64.5 -6.2
Labour Benjamin Hooberman 8,507 23.6 -5.7
Liberal Edwin Michael Wheeler 4,304 11.9 New
Majority 14,771 40.9 -0.5
Turnout 36,089 65.5 +1.0
Conservative hold Swing -0.2

Elections in the 1960sEdit

1963 St Marylebone by-election[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Quintin Hogg 12,495 54.97 -9.53
Labour Peter William Plouviez 7,219 31.76 +8.19
Liberal Edwin Michael Wheeler 3,016 13.27 +1.34
Majority 5,276 23.21 -17.7
Turnout 22,730
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1964: St Marylebone[4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Quintin Hogg 18,117 56.23
Labour Peter William Plouviez 9,324 28.94
Liberal Arthur William R. Capel 4,776 14.82
Majority 8,793 27.29
Turnout 32,217 64.43
Conservative hold Swing
General election 1966: St Marylebone[4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Quintin Hogg 17,443 56.67
Labour Cyril Cooper 9,382 30.48
Liberal Arthur William R. Capel 3,258 10.58
Anti Common Market Christopher Newman Frere-Smith 445 1.45 New
Independent Evan Jeremy Miller 252 0.82 New
Majority 8,061 26.19
Turnout 30,780 65.08
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970sEdit

General election 1970: St Marylebone[4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Quintin Hogg 17,639 62.1 +4.4
Labour Keith W. Morrell 8,325 29.3 -1.2
Liberal Michael B.J. Vann 2,443 8.6 -2.0
Majority 9,314 32.8 +6.6
Turnout 28,407 59.6 -5.5
Conservative hold Swing
1970 St Marylebone by-election
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Kenneth Baker 10,684 63.49 +1.40
Labour Keith W. Morrell 4,542 26.99 -2.32
Liberal Michael B.J. Vann 1,038 6.19 -2.41
National Front Malcolm Skeggs 401 2.38 New
Fourth World Group John Papworth 163 0.97 New
Majority 6,142 36.50
Turnout 16,828
Conservative hold Swing
General election February 1974: St Marylebone
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Kenneth Baker 15,683 54.6 -7.5
Labour J Merriton 6,996 24.3 -5.0
Liberal Bernard Silver 5,599 19.5 +10.9
Independent Powellite W Davies 470 1.6 New
Majority 8,717 30.3 -2.3
Turnout 28,748 66.1 +6.5
Conservative hold Swing
General election October 1974: St Marylebone
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Kenneth Baker 13,660 54.9 +0.3
Labour Patricia Moberly 7,157 28.8 +4.5
Liberal Bernard Silver 4,067 16.3 -3.2
Majority 6,503 26.1 -4.2
Turnout 24,884 57.1 -9.0
Conservative hold Swing -2.1
General election 1979: St Marylebone
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Kenneth Baker 14,899 59.9 +5.0
Labour Joseph Hegarty 6,586 26.5 -2.3
Liberal Edward Mann 2,459 9.9 -6.4
Ecology Jonathon Porritt 691 2.8 New
National Front C Elrick 239 1.0 New
Majority 8,313 33.4 +7.3
Turnout 24,874
Conservative hold Swing

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "'St Marylebone', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 21 March 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  3. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  4. ^ a b c d e f g British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973, FWS Craig
  5. ^ a b c d e f g The Times House of Commons, 1950-70
  6. ^ "1963 By Election Results". Archived from the original on 2012-02-25. Retrieved 2015-08-17.