Markandeya River (Western Ghats)

Markandeya is a river of southern India. It rises in the Bailur in Khanapur Taluk of Belgaum district, Karnataka state,[1] enters Belagavi taluk on southern side and flows towards western side of the Belagavi city and flows 66 kilometres (41 mi) in Belgaum district forming beautiful Godchinamalaki Falls (near Gokak Falls) before reaching its confluence into the Ghataprabha River at Gokak about 60 kilometres (37 mi) from Belgaum[2]

Markandeya River
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • locationBailur in Karnataka, India
 • elevation651m
Mouth 
 • location
Ghataprabha River, Gokak, Karnataka, India
 • elevation
570m
Length41.2 mi (66.3 km)

Current StateEdit

At present, the Markandeya is filled with silt and bushes have grown along the banks. Besides, hundreds of farmers have constructed wells within the riparian bed to irrigate their standing crops during summer. The silt formation has resulted in reduction of water storage capacity.[3] Around two decades ago, the 70-km long river would flow throughout the year, but now it has turned into a rivulet. At Kangrali, the river is around 30 feet wide and just around 8 feet deep. The rejuvenation had already started from Rakasakopp reservoir, from where the River gets excess spill. The 24-km long stretch passing through Belagundi, Bijagarni, Sulaga and Uchagaon to be rejuvenated.[4] Also encroachment is one of the problem for rejuvenation.[5]

DamEdit

Government of Karnataka is constructing an irrigation dam across Markandeya river at Shirur, near Hukkeri. Catchment area of the Dam will be 432 Sq. km. Gross Storage to be 3.7 TMC. For the construction of this Dam, 898 Hectares of land was to be acquired, out of which 142 Hectares was Forest area and 756 Hectares was Cultivable land. Total 9 Villages were submerged which lead 2258 people to vacate their land.[6]

Bellary NalaEdit

Bellary Nala is a tributary of Markandeya River, which confluences near Karaguppi in Hukkeri Taluk (2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from Pachapur Railway Station) in Belgaum district.[7][8][9][10]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "RIVER SYSTEMS OF KARNATAKA". waterresources.kar.nic.in.
  2. ^ "Morphometric Analysis of Markandeya River Sub Basin (MRSB), Belgaum District, Karnataka using Remote Sensing and Geographical Information System".
  3. ^ https://allaboutbelgaum.com/news/rejuvenation-markandeya-river-way/ Rejuvenation of Markandeya river under way
  4. ^ "Markandeya river to be rejuvenated | Hubballi News - Times of India". The Times of India.
  5. ^ https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/karnataka/clear-encroachments-on-markandeya-river-cm/article8519325.ece Clear encroachments on Markandeya river: CM
  6. ^ http://waterresources.kar.nic.in/salient_features_markandeya.htm salient_features_markandeya dam
  7. ^ Bellary Nala spills over, 700 acres under water https://www.news18.com/news/india/bellary-nala-spills-over-700-acres-under-water-390462.html
  8. ^ "Bellary Nala turning into a curse for farmers". 1 August 2019.
  9. ^ Belagavi villagers demand filter plant to treat contaminated water from Ballari Nala https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/karnataka/Belagavi-villagers-demand-filter-plant-to-treat-contaminated-water-from-Ballari-Nala/article16076721.ece
  10. ^ http://knnlindia.com/pdf/Annual%20Report%202017%20English%20with%20Photos.pdf BELLARY NALA PROJECT

Coordinates: 12°28′04″N 80°09′16″E / 12.46778°N 80.15444°E / 12.46778; 80.15444