Hukeri

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Hukkeri is a Town Municipal Council and taluka in Belagavi district in the Indian state of Karnataka.[1] Archeological studies reveal that the name Hukkeri is supposed to have been derived from the word Huvinakeri which means Street of Flowers. During Adil Shahi times, roses of good quality were grown here and were sent to Bijapur.[2]

Hukkeri
Town
Hukkeri is located in Karnataka
Hukkeri
Hukkeri
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 16°14′N 74°36′E / 16.23°N 74.6°E / 16.23; 74.6Coordinates: 16°14′N 74°36′E / 16.23°N 74.6°E / 16.23; 74.6
Country India
StateKarnataka
DistrictBelagavi
Area
 • Total7.71 km2 (2.98 sq mi)
Elevation
631 m (2,070 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total25,014
 • Density3,200/km2 (8,400/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialKannada
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
591309
Telephone code08333
Vehicle registrationKA-49

GeographyEdit

Hukkeri is located at 16°14′N 74°36′E / 16.23°N 74.6°E / 16.23; 74.6.[3]

Hukkeri is a Town Municipal and a taluka in Belagavi district of Karnataka state. It is 50 km north of Belagavi. Hukkeri taluka shares its borders with Chikkodi in the north, Gokak in the east, Belagavi taluk in the south and the Maharashtra State in the west. The area of Hukkeri taluka is 987 km2 and according to a 2011 census, the population in Hukkeri taluk is 399,270. The study area has an overall population density of 405 persons per km2. The decadal variation in population from 2001-2011 is 11.78% in Hukkeri taluk. The average annual rainfall is 422mm.

ClimateEdit

Hukkeri taluk enjoys a semi-arid climate. The area falls under Northern transitional agro-climatic zone of Karnataka state and is categorized as drought prone. The normal annual rainfall in Hukkeri taluk for the period 1981 to 2010 is 622 mm. Seasonal rainfall pattern indicates that, major amount of (406mm) rainfall was recorded during South-West Monsoon seasons, which contributes about 65% of the annual normal rainfall, followed by North-East Monsoon season (136 mm) constituting 22% and remaining (81 mm) 13% in Pre-Monsoon season.Computations were carried out for the 30 year blocks of 1981–2010, the mean monthly rainfall at Hukkeri taluk is ranging between 0 mm during February to 116 mm during June. The coefficient of variation percent for pre-monsoon, monsoon and post-monsoon season is 64, 39 and 65 percent respectively. Annual CV at this station works out to be 26 percent (Table-1).Table 1: Statistical Analysis of Rainfall Data of Hukkeri taluk, (1981 to 2010)

Agriculture & IrrigationEdit

Agriculture is the main occupation in Hukkeri taluk. Major Kharif crops are maize, bajra, jowar, tur and vegetables. Main crops of Rabi season are maize, Bajra, Jowar and sunflower. Water intensive crops like sugarcane and paddy are grown in 18% of total crop area. Maize is grown in 11% and oil seeds in 23% of total crop area of taluk. Bajra & jowar account 12% of total crop area.

Cropping patternEdit

Soil

The soils of Hukkeri taluk can broadly be classified into red soils and black soils. These soils vary in depth and texture, depending on the parent rock type, physiographic settings, and climatic conditions. By and large, black soils predominate the Deccan Trap terrain and the red soils are found in the southwestern and southeastern part of the district in gneissic terrain. These soils, in turn, can be grouped into seven categories viz. Shallow black soil, medium black soil, Deep to very black soil, mixed red & black soil, red loamy soil, which cover large tracts of land and the other two lateritic and alluvium soils are local in nature.

About the Transportation

Hukkeri has a wide range of road networks. Adjacent cities can be reached through state highways and villages have proper roadways as well. A National Highway(NH4) connects to Belagavi City.

Nearest Airport – Belagavi(Sambra) - 50 km, Kolhapur- 75 km.

Nearest Railway stations – Belagavi - 50 km and Ghataprabha – 18 km

Major Rivers – Ghataprabha River, Hiranyakesi River and Markandeya river

Near by Factories – Hira Sugar Factory (Sankeshwar), Sangam Sugar Factory (Hosur), Vishwanath Sugar Factory(Bellada Bagewadi)

Nearby Picknic spots

1)Gokak falls (A waterfall created by Ghataprabha river which falls from a height of 52metres/171feets over a sandstone cliff resembling a Niagara Falls. There is a hanging bridge across the river, measuring about 201 meters (659 ft). Its height above the rock bed is 14 meters (46 ft). There is an old electricity generation station and electricity was generated here for the first time in 1887),

2)Hidkal Dam ( A water reservoir built on a Ghataprabha river which provides irrigation benefits to Belagavi and Bagalkote districts),

3)Gudachanamalki falls (The Godachinmalki Falls is a waterfall located on Markandeya river)

It is said that one of the GolGumbaz located in the town has a secret subway to Bijapur.

There are 3 GolGumbaz's are located in the middle of the town Hukkeri. One is used as PWD IB and other 2 are just left.[citation needed]

Agriculture is the major occupation in the taluk. Major crops grown are Cotton, Groundnut, Sugar cane, Soybean, and Maize.

DemographicsEdit

As of 2001 India census,[4] Hukkeri had a population of 25014. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Hukkeri has an average literacy rate of 63%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 72%, and female literacy is 55%. In Hukkeri, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

 
Hidkal Dam Near Hukkeri
 
Hidkal Dam Near Hukkeri

HistoryEdit

Hukkeri has been famous since 14th century. In 1327, Mohammed bin Tughluk appointed an Amir here. It is known that Hukkeri and the area around it was under the command of fateh bahadur, a dictator of the dynasty, and in 1502 it was taken over by Yusuf Adil Shah, the Sultan of Bijapur. During his time, Ain-ul-Mulk Jilani built Hukkeri's fortress, palace, and water fountains. In 1542, he along with the Buran Nizamshah of Ahmednagar opposed the Sultan of Bijapur. But, he once again befriended the Shah of Bijapur after Buran Nizamshah was defeated. He was then given the kingdom of Kittur.[5]

After Ain-ul-Mulk Jilani, his brother Fateh Mulk occupied the throne. Subsequently, in 1569 Ranadullakhan of Bijapur and his son Rustam Zaman came to power in 1616. After that, Abdul Qadar took the control of Hukeri.[5]

Hukkeri Rural Electric Co-operative Society Ltd (HRECS)Edit

The Hukkeri Rural Electric Co-Operative Society Ltd is the First Rural Electric Co-operative Society to be registered in India.[citation needed] Hukkeri Society is one of the last surviving epitomes of the co-operative movement in India.[citation needed]. The Society is daring all odds as amidst 74% IP set consumption, the highest ever for any distribution areas in the state, without receiving any subsidy from the Government.[citation needed] Whole of Hukkeri Taluk and some villages of Belgaum, Gokak and Chikkodi taluks are serviced by Hukkeri Rural Electricity Co-operative Society. HRECS covers an area of 30.00 km2, with a population of over 4Lacs. The organization has five zones which are called as

  • Hukkeri (East)
  • Hukkeri (West)
  • Sankeshwar
  • Yamakanmardi
  • Hidkal Dam

Hukkeri Society is the only Rural Electric Cooperative Society in the state of Karnataka serving about 83,000 consumers in Hukkeri, Taluka,Sutagatti and Maranahole villages of Belgaum taluk, Kamatyanatti of Chikkodi taluk and water supply works of Mallapur village in Gokak taluk. The organization was formed as a co-operative society under the Karnataka Co-operative Societies Act, 1959 as one of the five pilot Rural Electric Co-operative Societies (RECS) established on 21-07-1969 through Rural Electrification Corporation Limited (REC), New Delhi, as per the decision of Government of India and based on sponsorship from United States Agency for International Development (USAID) in collaboration with National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA), of the United States of America. Initially, the Government of Karnataka (GoK) granted the license for distribution of electricity to the Society on 12-10-1970. Since then, the Society is engaged in the distribution of electricity to Hukkeri Taluk. Thereafter, Karnataka Electric Regulatory Commission (KERC) was constituted under the Karnataka Electricity Reforms Act, 1999. The Society was granted the license initially for a period of five years, in October, 2001 thereafter, KERC, by its order No L/1/06 dated 14 November 2006 for a period of twenty five (25) years from 19 October 2006

Mahatma Gandhi's visitEdit

Mahatma Gandhi visited Hukeri on 7 November 1916 along with his visits to Nipani, Chikodi and Sankeshwar, Karnataka and he halted at Belgaum .[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Reports of National Panchayat Directory: Village Panchayat Names of Hukeri, Belgaum, Karnataka". Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India. Archived from the original on 13 November 2011. Retrieved 12 April 2013.
  2. ^ (PDF) http://censusindia.gov.in/2011census/dchb/2901_PART_A_DCHB_BELGAUM.pdf. Retrieved 14 January 2020. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Hukkeri
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  5. ^ a b "ಮೈಸೂರು ವಿಶ್ವವಿದ್ಯಾನಿಲಯ ವಿಶ್ವಕೋಶ/ಹುಕ್ಕೇರಿ - ವಿಕಿಸೋರ್ಸ್". Retrieved 15 June 2019.
  6. ^ Shashidhar, Dr Melkunde. A HISTORY OF FREEDOM AND UNIFICATION MOVEMENT IN KARNATAKA. Lulu.com. ISBN 9781329825017. Retrieved 4 June 2019.