Marie of Luxembourg (1304 – 26 March 1324) was Queen of France and Navarre as the second wife of King Charles IV and I.
|Marie of Luxembourg|
|Queen consort of France and Navarre|
|Tenure||21 September 1322 - 26 March 1324|
|Coronation||15 May 1323|
|Died||26 March 1324 (aged 19–20)|
|Spouse||Charles IV of France|
|Father||Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor|
|Mother||Margaret of Brabant|
She was the daughter of Henry VII, Holy Roman Emperor and Margaret of Brabant. Her two siblings were John of Luxembourg and Beatrice of Luxembourg, Queen of Hungary.
Marie was betrothed in 1308 to Louis of Bavaria, son and heir to Rudolf I, Duke of Bavaria. The engagement was agreed on soon after Marie's father Henry became King of the Romans; Rudolf had been a supporter of her father during the struggle for power. It ended due to the death of Louis around 1311. During the same year, Marie's mother Queen Margaret died whilst travelling with Henry in Genoa.
On 21 September 1322 in either Paris or Provins Marie married to Charles IV of France following the annulment of his first marriage to the adulterous Blanche of Burgundy. Blanche had given birth to two children, Philip and Joan, but both of them died young and Charles needed a son and heir to carry on the House of Capet.
On 15 May 1323 Marie was consecrated Queen of France at Sainte-Chapelle by Guillaume de Melum, Archbishop of Sens. In the same year she became pregnant but she later miscarried a girl. Whilst pregnant again in March 1324, Marie and Charles were travelling to Avignon to visit the pope when Marie fell out of the bottom of the coach. As a result, she went into labour and her child, a boy (Louis), was born prematurely, and died several hours later; Queen Marie died on 26 March 1324 and was buried at Montargis in the Dominican church. Following her death Charles married Jeanne d'Évreux, but failed to father a son, so the direct House of Capet was succeeded by its branch, the House of Valois.
|Ancestors of Marie of Luxembourg, Queen of France|
- ^ a b Gades 1951, p. 119.
- ^ Jean-Marc Cazilhac: Jeanne d'Evreux, Blanche de Navarre : Deux reines de France, deux douairières durant la Guerre de Cent ans, Editions L'Harmattan, 2010, 178 p., p. 20.
- ^ Christian Bouyer: Dictionnaire des Reines de France, Librairie Académique Perrin, 1992, p. 201.
- ^ Alexandre Le Noble: Histoire du Sacre et du Couronnement des Rois et Reines de France, Paris, Imprimerie Gaultier-Laguionie, 1825, p. 208 [retrieved 9 January 2015].
- ^ RHGF XXI, E floribus chronicorum auctore Bernardo Guidonis, p. 733.
- Gades, John A. (1951). Luxemburg in the Middle Ages. Brill.