Marie Elisabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel

Marie Elisabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (7 January 1638 - 15 February 1687), was a German noblewoman member of the House of Welf and by her two marriages Duchess of Saxe-Eisenach and Saxe-Coburg.

Marie Elisabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Marie Elisabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.JPG
Duchess consort of Saxe-Eisenach
Reign1663-1668
Duchess consort of Saxe-Coburg
Reign1680–1687
Born(1638-01-07)7 January 1638
Brunswick
Died15 February 1687(1687-02-15) (aged 49)
Coburg
SpouseAdolf William, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
Albert, Duke of Saxe-Coburg
IssueKarl August, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Eisenach
Frederick William, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Eisenach
Adolf William, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Eisenach
Ernest August, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Eisenach
William August, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach
Prince Ernest August of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
HouseWelf
FatherAugustus, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg
MotherElisabeth Sophie of Mecklenburg

Born in Brunswick, she was the second of the three children of Augustus the Younger, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and his third wife, Duchess Elisabeth Sophie of Mecklenburg.[1][2] Marie Elisabeth and her older brother Ferdinand Albert are the only surviving children of their parents' marriage. In addition, they had seven older half-siblings from Duke Augustus' two previous marriages, of whom only four survive adulthood: Rudolph Augustus, Sibylle Ursula (by marriage Duchess of Holstein-Glücksburg), Clara Augusta (by marriage Duchess of Württemberg-Neustadt) and Anthony Ulrich, all born from Augustus' second marriage with Dorothea of Anhalt-Zerbst.

LifeEdit

In Wolfenbüttel on 18 January 1663, Marie Elisabeth married firstly Adolf William, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach. They had five sons:

  1. Karl August, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Eisenach (Eisenach, 31 January 1664 - Eisenach, 14 February 1665).
  2. Frederick William, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Eisenach (Eisenach, 2 February 1665 - Eisenach, 3 May 1665).
  3. Adolf William, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Eisenach (Eisenach, 26 June 1666 - Eisenach, 11 December 1666).
  4. Ernest August, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Eisenach (Eisenach, 28 August 1667 - Eisenach, 8 February 1668).
  5. William August, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach (Eisenach, 30 November 1668 - Eisenach, 23 February 1671).

Duke Adolf William died on 21 November 1668, leaving his widow heavily pregnant with their fifth and last child. Nine days later, William August was born and became Duke of Saxe-Eisenach from the moment of his birth, under the guardianship of his uncle John George; however, being a sickly child like all his four older brothers, died aged 2, and Saxe-Eisenach passed to John George.

In Gotha on 18 July 1676, Marie Elisabeth married secondly Albert, co-Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg with his brothers; after their marriage, the couple settled in Saalfeld, who was designed as Albert's residence. They had one son:

  1. Ernest August (Saalfeld, 1 September 1677 – Saalfeld, 17 August 1678).

After concluding a definitive treaty of partition with his brothers, in 1680 Albert received Coburg, where he and Marie Elisabeth moved their residence.

Marie Elisabeth died in Coburg, aged 49, having survived all her sons. Her widower remarried morganatically one year later and died childless in 1699.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Marek, Miroslav. "Genealogy of the House of Welf". genealogy.euweb.cz. Retrieved 28 September 2014.[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel line in: Royaltyguide.nl Archived 2014-10-06 at the Wayback Machine [retrieved 28 September 2014].
Marie Elisabeth of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Born: 7 January 1638 Died: 15 February 1687
German royalty
New creation Duchess consort of Saxe-Eisenach
1663-1668
Vacant
Title next held by
Johannetta of Sayn-Wittgenstein
New creation Duchess consort of Saxe-Coburg
1680-1687
Vacant
Title next held by
Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
as Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld