Marguerite Martyn

Marguerite Martyn (September 26, 1878 – April 17, 1948) was an American journalist and political cartoonist with the St. Louis Post-Dispatch in the early 20th century. She was noted as much for her published sketches as for her articles.

Marguerite Martyn
Marguerite Martyn, Kajiwara Photo.jpg
Marguerite Martyn, Kajiwara Photo
Born(1878-09-26)September 26, 1878
DiedApril 17, 1948(1948-04-17) (aged 69)
NationalityAmerican
OccupationJournalist
Years active1905-1939

Personal lifeEdit

Marguerite Martyn was born on September 26, 1878.[1] Her father was William E. Martyn, and her mother was Fanny Plumb of Springfield, Missouri, whose family had been in that town for four generations. William and Fanny were married in 1877. The Martyn family lived in Portland, Oregon, during the early years of Marguerite's life, and her father, a Virginian, died there at the age of 30 while employed as a St. Louis–San Francisco Railway superintendent. Her mother then studied telegraphy and was employed by the same railway company.[2][3][4] When Marguerite was 17 years old, the family returned to Springfield, and she enrolled in an arts program at Washington University in St. Louis.[2][3]

Martyn had two brothers, William E., who died in 1942, and Philip T., who died in 1959.[5][6]

Clair Kenamore, an editor on the Post-Dispatch, and Martyn were married in the latter's home at Lake and Bompart avenues in Webster Groves, Missouri, on May 17, 1913.[4][7][8]

About her, it was said in a rival newspaper, the St. Louis Star: "This talented woman has the face of an artist – she is slim – rather tall, with red brown hair and beautiful brown eyes. To say she is quiet does not express it – meek is the proper word, not realizing that she is doing anything out of the ordinary, nor that the skillful way in which she handles her pencil ranks her as unusually gifted."[3]

She retired in 1939[2] and died of a cerebral hemorrhage in her Webster Groves home, 401 Lake Avenue, on April 17, 1948. Burial was in Oak Hill Cemetery in Kirkwood, Missouri.[2][9]

CareerEdit

In 1899, Martyn was an art student.[10] During the St. Louis World's Fair of 1904, Martyn drew a poster which she thought would be applicable to the closing of the exposition, and she brought it to the Sunday editor of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch. It came too late for publication, but she was told to return with some other drawings, and, as a result, she was offered a job as an artist, a position she filled a year later.[3]

 
Martyn and her signature,
1908

At first, she illustrated articles in the newspaper's Sunday magazine. At one point she was told by the newspaper's managing editor to go to Belleville, Illinois, and interview a woman of note there, but she declined. The editor insisted, and she returned with a story which she handed in. The editor said it could not be printed and pointed to the fact that she had buried the most important information in the last paragraph. That was, it was said, "the first instruction she had ever had, and she has been writing successfully ever since."[3][11]

The earliest work which carried her byline was a drawing of spectators and models at a St. Louis convention of the National Dressmakers' Association in September 1905, Martyn being the only artist admitted.[12]

In 1908, Martyn and a roommate, Miss L.B. Friend, were unsuccessfully sued by Samuel Kessler, a "rich furrier" who owned their apartment building at 8A North Sarah Street, which they vacated without notice because the heat in their unit was not working. Kessler lost the case when Justice "Marty" Moore, who was himself a steamfitter at one time, queried the building janitor and found that the man had neither the proper engineering license nor the knowledge to substantiate the landlord's claim.[13]

In Martyn's obituary, the Post-Dispatch said that she: "did a great variety of articles, mostly about individuals, but in some cases descriptive of public events, such as national political conventions, the Kentucky Derby race or world series ball games." She also wrote about women's fashion and the women's suffrage movement, "in which she was enthusiastically interested." Other topics were men's fashion, stage drama, horse shows and college life.[2]

Martyn's working style, in 1912, at least, was generally to ask few questions but then to listen "so intently one feels impelled to give the desired information." She took no notes but during the interview she made her sketch.[3]

She was said to draw "in a light and sometimes fanciful style",[2] which was also described as "gossamer-like".[9]

Self-sketchesEdit

Martyn included her own figure in some of her drawings.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ [1] Archived 2022-07-14 at the Wayback Machine Ancestry.com. U.S., Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007 [database on-line]. Provo, Utah: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2015
  2. ^ a b c d e f ""Marguerite Martyn Dies; Artist, Writer," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, April 17, 1948, page 5A". Archived from the original on December 21, 2016. Retrieved December 21, 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Mrs. Charles P. Johnson, "Newspaper Woman Who Is Artist, Too, Sees No Romance in Journalistic Work," St. Louis Star, December 8, 1912, Society and Foreign Section, page 4 (page 30 of internet version)". Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 12, 2016.
  4. ^ a b [2] Archived 2022-07-14 at the Wayback Machine Marriage license
  5. ^ "William E. Martyn death notice, St. Louis Post-Dispatch, March 15, 1942, page 39". Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 12, 2016.
  6. ^ ""Philip T. Martyn Dies; Funeral to Be Saturday," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, March 26, 1959, page 3-B". Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 12, 2016.
  7. ^ ""Marguerite Martyn Weds Newspaperman," St. Louis Star, May 18, 1913, page 2". Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved December 12, 2016.
  8. ^ ""Post-Dispatch Artist and Writer Who Weds Today," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, May 17, 1913, page 3". Archived from the original on January 7, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  9. ^ a b ""Marguerite Martyn Funeral Tomorrow," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, April 18, 1948, page 5B (page 29 of the internet version)". Archived from the original on January 7, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  10. ^ ""Art Students' Exhibit," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, June 11, 1899, page 9". Archived from the original on January 7, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  11. ^ Another source [3] Archived 2017-01-07 at the Wayback Machine said it was city editor Oliver K. Bovard who had encouraged Martyn to "undertake interviews with the subjects of her drawings."
  12. ^ ""So Interested, Women Spectators Stand on Chairs for Hours at Dressmakers' Convention," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, September 28, 1905, page 1". Archived from the original on January 7, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2017.
  13. ^ ""Justice Moore Was Gasfitter Himself," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, July 12, 1908. page 16". Archived from the original on January 7, 2017. Retrieved January 7, 2017.

External linksEdit

  • [4] Bob Wyss, "Toll Mounts to Keep St. Louis Clean," A Coal Black Sky, January 15, 2015, quotes Marguerite Martyn article on St. Louis smoke in 1939