Kirkwood is an inner-ring western suburb of St. Louis located in St. Louis County, Missouri, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city's population was 27,540. Founded in 1853, the city is named after James P. Kirkwood, builder of the Pacific Railroad through that town. It was the first planned suburb located west of the Mississippi River.
Downtown Kirkwood in December 2014
Location of Kirkwood, Missouri
|Incorporated||1865, 1899 (as a 4th-class city), 1930 (as a 3rd-class city), 1984 (as a home rule city)|
|• Mayor||Timothy E. Griffin|
|• Chief Administrative Officer||Russell B. Hawes|
|• Total||9.20 sq mi (23.83 km2)|
|• Land||9.16 sq mi (23.72 km2)|
|• Water||0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)|
|Elevation||659 ft (201 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||3,000/sq mi (1,200/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0756252|
Plans for a new community close to St. Louis were begun after the St. Louis fire of 1849 and the preceding and subsequent cholera outbreak that killed one-tenth of the residents of downtown St. Louis. In 1850, Hiram W. Leffingwell and Richard Smith Elliott bought land 14 miles (23 km) from downtown, which was at about the same time James P. Kirkwood, chief engineer of the Missouri Pacific Railroad, was laying out a route for the train line. The city of Kirkwood, named after chief engineer Kirkwood, was platted in 1852. Kirkwood was the first suburban municipality built outside of the St. Louis city boundaries.
When the railroad reached the community in 1853, the developers sold lots for the Kirkwood Association. Other Leffingwell developments were to include the construction of Grand Avenue and the establishment of Forest Park.
Traditions and cultural institutionsEdit
The Greentree Festival is held every September. It offers arts and crafts for kids and many different foods from many different cultures. This has been a tradition for over 50 years. Since 1961, the festival has been held in Kirkwood Park, and consists of a parade and a fair. The festival was originally created to replace the drought-stricken trees in the park.
The Kirkwood High School Pioneers and Webster Groves Statesmen alternate as hosts of the annual Turkey Day Game, the longest-running football high school Thanksgiving Day rivalry west of the Mississippi. The 100th anniversary game was in 2007. The winner of the Turkey Day Game receives the Frisco Bell, while the loser gets the Little Brown Jug.
The train station of Richardsonian Romanesque style was built in 1893. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP), it has become a symbol of the town. It is the only station stop that Amtrak makes in the St. Louis metropolitan area outside the central city. Among the four other buildings in Kirkwood listed on the NRHP is a Frank Lloyd Wright house in Ebsworth Park Foundation.
In 1895, the Meramec Highlands resort was built on the bluffs above the Meramec River.
The National Museum of Transportation is a private, 42-acre transportation museum in Kirkwood. Founded in 1944, it restores, preserves, and displays a wide variety of vehicles spanning 15 decades of American history: cars, boats, aircraft, and in particular, locomotives and railroad equipment from around the United States.
The Kirkwood Farmers' Market was founded in 1976. The outdoor market offers a variety of homegrown vegetables and fruits. More than 300 local businesses contribute to the market.
The Magic House, St. Louis Children's Museum in Kirkwood has become a popular family attraction for the region. Opened in 1979, it receives over 500,000 visitors annually and has been visited by more than 10 million people. The museum's original building was built in 1901 and has undergone several renovations and expansions. The Magic House was ranked by Zagat as America's top travel destination based on child appeal.
Kirkwood is located at (38.580652, -90.414289).
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 27,540 people in Kirkwood, 11,894 households, and 7,327 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,006.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,160.9/km2). There were 12,895 housing units at an average density of 1,407.8 per square mile (543.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96% White, 2.0% African American, 0.5% Native American, 1% Asian, 0.5% another race.
There were 11,894 households of which 29.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 38.4% were non-families. 33.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.97.
The median age in the city was 42.6 years. 23.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.8% were from 25 to 44; 29.8% were from 45 to 64; and 17.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.0% male and 54.0% female.
In 2000 there were 11,763.5 households out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.5% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.3% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the city, the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 5.9% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 24.9% from 45 to 64, and 18.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $70,261, and the median income for a family was $89,219. Males had a median income of $51,515 versus $36,235 for females. The per capita income for the city was $32,012. About 2.8% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.1% of those under age 18 and 3.6% of those age 65 or over.
The city is normally low in crime.
In 2005, 2007 and 2008, Kirkwood was the site of three sensational events. On July 5, 2005, Kevin Johnson shot and killed Sgt. William McEntee, who was investigating a fireworks call when Johnson walked up and shot him several times. Johnson was upset with police because he thought that they were responsible for his younger brother's death (although the brother died from a heart condition). He is currently on Missouri death row for the murder of McEntee.
On January 12, 2007, Michael J. Devlin was arrested for abducting 13-year-old William "Ben" Ownby. Police had discovered that Ownby and also 15-year-old Shawn Hornbeck lived in Devlin's apartment. Hornbeck had been missing since he was 11 years old, when he was abducted from near his home in Richwoods, Missouri. The Shawn Hornbeck Foundation was set up to find him as well as other missing children.
|Wikinews has related news: Gunman opens fire at Missouri city council meeting|
On February 7, 2008, Kirkwood resident Charles L. "Cookie" Thornton shot many people at a Kirkwood city council session, killing five — Council Members Connie Karr and Michael H.T. Lynch, Public Works Director Kenneth Yost, and police officers Sgt. William Biggs and Tom Ballman. Sgt. Biggs was killed in the lot of a nearby Imo's Pizza restaurant. Thornton stole his gun and proceeded to enter the City Hall. Once inside, he killed Officer Ballman and opened fire on the city council. Kirkwood mayor Mike Swoboda and Suburban Journals reporter Todd Smith were injured. The gunman had a history of disruptive behavior and legal actions against the city government, related to ordinance violations and other issues with the police and the city council. Thornton was shot to death by additional police officers, all of whom responded after one of the fatally-shot officers was able to activate his emergency signal by radio. Within minutes, multiple officers were on the scene. Mayor Swoboda died on September 6, 2008, succumbing to cancer in addition to complications from the February shootings.
Kirkwood sits along the Jefferson City Subdivision of the Union Pacific Railroad. Passenger rail service is provided by Amtrak. Kirkwood Station is located near the center of downtown Kirkwood and is a stop for Amtrak's Missouri River Runner.
Bus service in Kirkwood is provided by MetroBus. Service connects Kirkwood to other suburban communities and downtown St. Louis.
Interstate Highway 270 runs along the western edge of Kirkwood. Interstate 44 passes through the community along the southern portions of the city limits. Major surface streets include Manchester Road (Missouri Route 100) bordering the city to the north, and US 61/67 (Lindbergh Boulevard) which runs north-south through downtown Kirkwood as Kirkwood Road.
Primary and secondary schoolsEdit
Public education in Kirkwood falls under the Kirkwood R-7 School District. The district covers all of Kirkwood as well as all or parts of the neighboring smaller communities of Des Peres, Frontenac, Glendale, Huntleigh, Oakland, and Warson Woods.
The district includes five elementary schools (Tillman Elementary, North Glendale Elementary, Keysor Elementary, Robinson Elementary, and Westchester Elementary); two middle schools (Nipher Middle School and North Kirkwood Middle school); and one high school, Kirkwood High School. (The high school was established in 1865 and was originally located in the building that houses Nipher Middle School.) Upon graduation from elementary school, students from North Glendale, Robinson, and half of Tillman go to Nipher Middle School, and students from Keysor, Westchester, and the other half of Tillman go to North Kirkwood Middle School.
St. John Vianney High School, a private Catholic school, is also located in Kirkwood.
Colleges and universitiesEdit
St. Louis Community College (STLCC) operates a 78-acre (320,000 m2) campus in Kirkwood, STLCC-Meramec. It is the largest community college in Missouri, with over 12,000 undergraduate and transfer students.
Kirkwood has a lending library, the Kirkwood Public Library.
Kirkwood is the world headquarters of the Lutheran Church–Missouri Synod, a confessional Lutheran denomination with 2.1 million members.
- Scott Bakula, actor
- Mel Bay, author
- Alan Bovik, Primetime Emmy-winning engineering professor
- Jack Buechner, U.S. Congress member
- Edgar W. Denison, naturalist and author
- Nikki Glaser, comedian
- Trent Green, NFL player
- Geoffrey C. Hazard Jr., law professor
- Jeremy Maclin, NFL player
- Marianne Moore (born 1887), poet and writer
- Bill Pleis, Major League Baseball
- Rodger O. Riney, broker and business executive
- David Sanborn, musician
- Rick Stream, former Missouri state representative
- Brandon Williams, NFL player
- Mike Wood, NFL player
- "City of Kirkwood : Requested Page Not Found" (PDF). www.kirkwoodmo.org. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 April 2018. Retrieved 30 April 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-07-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-02-14. Retrieved 2012-07-08. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 24, 2019.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Archived from the original on 2012-02-12. Retrieved 2008-01-31. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Kirkwood city, Missouri". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved October 21, 2011. Cite uses deprecated parameter
-  Archived November 15, 2006, at the Wayback Machine
- The City Of Kirkwood - History Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine
- Eaton, David Wolfe (1918). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 360.
- "News Releases / Newsroom - Explore St. Louis". explorestlouis.com. Archived from the original on 12 October 2008. Retrieved 30 April 2018. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Turkey Day - Turkey Day Archived 2008-02-12 at the Wayback Machine
- Thompson, Danette (7 July 2009). "Magic House Anticipates Record Attendance This Year". stltoday.com. Archived from the original on 30 April 2018. Retrieved 31 May 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- ZAGATSURVEY U.S. Family Travel Guide: Sites & Attractions, Restaurants, Lodging. New York: Zagat Survey, LLC. 2004. p. 24. ISBN 1-57006-624-8.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Archived from the original on 2012-03-05. Retrieved 2011-04-23. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- "Kirkwood city, Missouri - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2010-04-06.
- "Missouri Public Libraries". PublicLibraries.com. Archived from the original on 10 June 2017. Retrieved 2 June 2019. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Stroud, Jerri. "Ground Broken, Work Stalled." St. Louis Post-Dispatch. May 3, 1989. Edition 5, Page 9a. Retrieved on August 19, 2009.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kirkwood, Missouri.|
- City of Kirkwood official website
- Kirkwood Area Chamber of Commerce
- Kirkwood Historical Society
- Kirkwood at the Open Directory Project
- "Kirkwood, Missouri photographs". University of Missouri–St. Louis.
- Historic maps of Kirkwood in the Sanborn Maps of Missouri Collection at the University of Missouri