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Marcus Pompeius Silvanus Staberius Flavianus

Pompeius Silvanus, fully Marcus Pompeius Silvanus Staberius Flavinus or Flavianus (died 83), was a Roman senator who was consul twice and died before he could be consul a third time.

Werner Eck has stated that he was from Arelate, but certainly came from Gallia Narbonensis; Silvanus was the son of the senator M. Pompeius M.f. Priscus, known from an unpublished senatus consultum of AD 20.[1] The additional three nomina of his name -- "Silvanus Staberius Flavianus" -- is due to either a testamentary adoption, or comes from his mother's family.

The first time he was consul was as suffect for the nundinium of 45 as the colleague of Aulus Antoninus Rufus.[2] This was followed a little more than ten years later as Proconsul of Africa from 56 to 58.[3] After returning to Rome Silvanus was charged for actions related to his governance but was acquitted by the Emperor.[4]

During the Year of Four Emperors Silvanus was appointed governor of Dalmatia by Galba. Tacitus describes him as "rich and advanced in years",[5] which was likely what Galba wanted: a complacent non-entity overseeing an important province. However, he proved pliable by the legionary legate Lucius Annius Bassus, who encouraged him to support Vespasian at the critical moment.[6] In reward for his loyalty, Flavianus was appointed to a second consulship for the nundinium of either March-April or May-June 76 as the colleague of Lucius Tampius Flavianus.[7]

Silvanus was designated as consul a third time for the year 83, but died before he could assume office.[3] Tactius mentions that Silvanus had no children.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Eck, "M. Pompeius Silvanus, consul designatus tertium: Ein Vertrauter Vespasians und Domitians", Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik, 9 (1972), p. 266
  2. ^ Paul Gallivan, "The Fasti for the Reign of Claudius", Classical Quarterly, 28 (1978), pp. 408, 424
  3. ^ a b Jones, Brian (2002). The Emperor Domitian. New York: Taylor & Francis. p. 55. ISBN 978-0-203-03625-9.
  4. ^ a b Tacitus, Annales, XIII.52
  5. ^ Tacitus, Histories, II.86
  6. ^ Gwyn Morgan, 69 A.D. The Year of Four Emperors (Oxford:University Press, 2006), p. 228
  7. ^ Paul Gallivan, "The Fasti for A. D. 70-96", Classical Quarterly, 31 (1981), pp. 201, 214
Political offices
Preceded by
Marcus Vinicius II,
and Titus Statilius Taurus Corvinus

as consules ordinarii
Suffect Consul of the Roman Empire
45
with Aulus Antonius Rufus
Succeeded by
Decimus Valerius Asiaticus II,
and Marcus Junius Silanus Torquatus

as consules ordinarii
Preceded by
Caesar Domitianus IV,
and Titus V
Suffect Consul of the Roman Empire
76
with Lucius Tampius Flavianus II
Succeeded by
Galeo Tettienus Petronianus,
and Marcus Fulvius Gillo

as consules suffecti
Preceded by
Titus Statilius Taurus
Proconsul of Africa
56 – 58
Succeeded by
Quintus Sulpicius Camerinus Peticus