Marathon Petroleum

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Marathon Petroleum Corporation is an American petroleum refining, marketing, and transportation company headquartered in Findlay, Ohio. The company was a wholly owned subsidiary of Marathon Oil until a corporate spin-off in 2011.

Marathon Petroleum Corporation
TypePublic
NYSEMPC
S&P 500 Component
IndustryPetroleum
PredecessorsMarathon Oil (1984)
Ashland Global
USX Corporation
Marathon Oil
FoundedNovember 9, 2009; 12 years ago (2009-11-09)
Headquarters,
Number of locations
  • 6,900 independently owned retail outlets
  • 1,100 direct dealer locations
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Mike Hennigan
(President and Chief Executive Officer)
John P. Surma
(Non-Executive Chairman of the Board of Directors)
Products
Production output
Total rated crude oil refining capacity - 3,067,000 BPCD (2020)
Services
RevenueDecrease US$69.032 Billion (Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2020)[1]
DecreaseUS$12.247 Billion (Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2020)[1]
DecreaseUS$9.977 Billion (Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2020)[1]
Total assetsDecrease US$85.158 Billion (Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2020)[1]
Total equityDecrease US$29.252 Billion (Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2020)[1]
Number of employees
~43,800 (December 2017)
Websitemarathonpetroleum.com
Footnotes / references
[2]

Following its acquisition of Andeavor on October 1, 2018, Marathon Petroleum became the largest petroleum refinery operator in the United States, with 16 refineries and over 3 million barrels per day of refining capacity.[3] Marathon Petroleum ranked No. 41 on the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.[4] In the 2020 Forbes Global 2000, Marathon Petroleum was ranked as the 197th-largest public company in the world.[5]

Marathon Petroleum's marketing system includes branded locations across the United States, including Marathon branded outlets. MPC also owns the general partner and majority limited partner interest in MPLX LP, a midstream company which owns and operates gathering, processing, and fractionation assets, as well as crude oil and light product transportation and logistics infrastructure.

Marathon gas station in Long Grove, IL

OperationsEdit

The company owns:

  • 16 refineries[6] with a total crude oil throughput of 2,913,900 barrels per calendar day (bpcd):
# Name Location Throughput
1 Anacortes Refinery Anacortes, Washington 119,000 barrels per calendar day (bpcd)
2 Canton Refinery Canton, Ohio 93,000 barrels per calendar day (bpcd)
3 Catlettsburg Refinery Catlettsburg, Kentucky 277,000 barrels per calendar day (bpcd)
4 Detroit Refinery Detroit, Michigan 140,000 barrels per calendar day (bpcd)
5 Dickinson Refinery Dickinson, North Dakota 19,000 barrels per calendar day (bpcd)
6 El Paso Refinery El Paso, Texas 131,000 barrels per calendar day (bpcd)
7 Gallup Refinery[7] Gallup, New Mexico 26,000 barrels per calendar day (bpcd)
8 Galveston Bay Refinery Texas City, Texas 585,000 barrels per calendar day (bpcd)
9 Garyville Refinery Garyville, Louisiana 564,000 barrels per calendar day (bpcd)
10 Kenai Refinery Kenai, Alaska 68,000 barrels per calendar day (bpcd)
11 Los Angeles Refinery Carson, California 363,000 barrels per calendar day (bpcd)
12 Mandan Refinery Mandan, North Dakota 71,000 barrels per calendar day (bpcd)
13 Martinez Refinery[7][8] Martinez, California 161,000 barrels per calendar day (bpcd)
14 Robinson Refinery Robinson, Illinois 245,000 barrels per calendar day (bpcd)
15 Salt Lake City Refinery Salt Lake City, Utah 61,000 barrels per calendar day (bpcd)
16 St. Paul Refinery St. Paul Park, Minnesota 98,000 barrels per calendar day (bpcd)

FormerEdit

  • Marathon closed the Gallup Refinery in 2020[7] and is expected to complete conversion of the Martinez Refinery to a renewable fuels manufacturing facility in 2023.[8]
  • The Speedway LLC retail chain included approximately 4,000 retail outlets, and was the second largest chain of company-owned and operated retail gasoline and convenience stores in the United States.[10] Seven & I Holdings, parent company of 7-Eleven, acquired the chain in 2020 and the sale was completed on May 14, 2021.[11]

HistoryEdit

Marathon Petroleum Corporation was formed on November 9, 2009, as a subsidiary of Marathon Oil.

Predecessor companyEdit

The predecessor company of Marathon Petroleum Corporation, Marathon Petroleum Company LLC, formerly known as Marathon Ashland Petroleum LLC, was formed by the merger of the refining operations of Marathon Oil and Ashland Inc. in 1998. The merger brought together several descendents of the Standard Oil trust, as Ashland had acquired several smaller Standard spinoffs while Marathon itself was directly owned by Standard Oil. It also brought Marathon's Speedway and Ashland's SuperAmerica convenience store chains together and were subsequently merged together as "Speedway SuperAmerica".

As longtime Marathon rivals Standard Oil of Ohio and Amoco were acquired by British company BP, Marathon Ashland adopted the marketing slogan "An American Company Serving America", with the slogan being adjourned to Marathon gas pumps. In 2006, it adopted its current slogan, "Fueling the American Spirit".

In 2005, the company became a 100% owned subsidiary of Marathon Oil, after Ashland sold off its downstream assets and exited the retail business.[12] In 2006, Marathon began using STP-branded additives in its gasoline.[13]

In 2009, the company completed a $3.9 billion expansion of its refinery in Garyville, Louisiana, that increased the plant’s capacity by 180,000 barrels per day.[12]

In 2010, the company sold its 74,000 barrel-per-day refinery in St. Paul Park, Minnesota, along with associated terminals, pipelines, and inventory as well as 166 SuperAmerica convenience stores to Northern Tier Energy for $900 million.[14]

Post-corporate spin-off from Marathon OilEdit

 
The Marathon Petroleum campus

On June 30, 2011, Marathon Oil distributed all of its shares in the company to its shareholders via a corporate spin-off.[9]

In June 2012, Wheeling, West Virginia-based Tri-State Petroleum signed a contract to switch 50 stations in Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia to the Marathon brand. Most of Tri-State's stations before the deal were ExxonMobil-branded stations, the majority Exxon as well as a few scattered Mobil stations in the immediate Wheeling area. Included in the deal were 18 Exxon stations in the Pittsburgh metropolitan area, significantly boosting Marathon's presence in the Pittsburgh market, where former parent company U.S. Steel is based. (Exxon would offset its Pittsburgh losses by taking over the retail contracts of several Shell stations in the area, leaving Shell with a significantly reduced presence, while the Mobil brand was withdrawn from the Northern Panhandle of West Virginia altogether.) Before the deal, Marathon had a much smaller presence in Western Pennsylvania, while having a somewhat larger presence in West Virginia and an almost ubiquitous presence in Southern Ohio.[15]

In 2013, Marathon purchased numerous assets from BP including a 451,000 barrel per day refinery in Texas City, Texas, four light product distribution terminals, and retail marketing contracts for 1,200 retail stations throughout the southeastern United States.[16]

In 2014, Speedway LLC, a now-former subsidiary of the company, purchased the retail operations of Hess Corporation for $2.82 billion.[17] The deal also introduced the Marathon brand name at stations for the first time in the Northeastern United States east of the Appalachian Mountains and north of Pennsylvania. Prior to the deal, Marathon's traditional marketing territory for decades had been the Midwestern and Southeastern United States, never going further east than the Pittsburgh metropolitan area.

Refinery fireEdit

In 2016, a fire at the Galveston Bay refinery in Texas City, Texas, injured three contract workers, resulting in a lawsuit seeking $1 million in damages.[18] Multiple lawsuits were filed resulting in Marathon paying $86 million to settle.[19]

2018 acquisition of Andeavor, sale of Speedway LLCEdit

On April 30, 2018, Marathon agreed to buy Andeavor, an independent refinery and oil company based in the Western United States, for $23 billion. Marathon will acquire all of Andeavor's outstanding shares.[20][21] On October 1, 2018, the merger was completed. This merger brings the SuperAmerica convenience stores back to Speedway.[22] On October 31, 2019, Marathon announced plans to spin off their Speedway convenience stores. Gary Heminger will also retire from his role as Marathon chairman and CEO.[23][24] The deal also had the effect of introducing the Marathon brand name at stations in the Western United States for the first time and making Marathon a national brand name for the first time, as well as giving Marathon ownership of the ARCO brand.

On August 2, 2020, Marathon announced that Seven & i Holdings would be acquiring Speedway for $21 billion. The deal was anticipated to close in early 2021 pending regulatory approval.[25][26][27][28][29] The deal closed on May 14, 2021.[11]

FinancesEdit

Financial data in $ millions[30]
Year 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Revenue 65,258 45,530 62,487 78,638 82,243 100,160 97,817 72,051 63,339 74,733 96,504 123,949
Net Income 1,215 449 622 2,385 3,383 2,108 2,524 2,852 1,174 3,432 2,780 2,637
Assets 23,232 25,745 27,223 28,385 30,425 43,115 44,413 49,047 92,940 98,556
Employees 25,985 29,865 45,340 45,440 44,460 43,800 60,350 60,910

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Marathon Petroleum Corporation 2020 Annual Report" (PDF). marathonpetroleum.com. 31 December 2020. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  2. ^ "Marathon Petroleum Corporation 2017 Annual Report (Form 10-K)". sec.gov. U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. February 2018.
  3. ^ Marathon Petroleum Corp. Announces Successful Completion Of Andeavor Combination, Creating The Leading US Refining, Midstream And Marketing Company
  4. ^ "Fortune 500 Companies 2018: Who Made the List". Fortune (in American English). Archived from the original on 2019-01-15. Retrieved 2018-11-10.
  5. ^ "Forbes Global 2000". Retrieved 31 October 2020.
  6. ^ Marathon Petroleum: Refining & Marketing
  7. ^ a b c Marathon Petroleum Won’t Restart Two Idled Oil Refineries bloomberg.com, retrieved 28 September 2020
  8. ^ a b Marathon Petroleum to Proceed with Conversion of Martinez Refinery to Renewable Fuels Facility marathonmartinezrenewables.com, retrieved 20 July 2021
  9. ^ a b Marathon Petroleum 2015 Form 10-K Annual Report
  10. ^ "Ranking the Top 40 C-Store Chains: A 2019 Update".
  11. ^ a b "Marathon Petroleum & 7-Eleven Close Speedway Acquisition". Convenience Store News. 14 May 2021. Retrieved 23 May 2021.
  12. ^ a b Marathon Petroleum: History
  13. ^ "Marathon Gasoline with STP Additives". Retrieved 27 February 2013.
  14. ^ "Marathon Signs Definitive Agreements With ACON Investments and TPG Capital For Sale Of Minnesota Downstream Assets". October 6, 2010.
  15. ^ "Gas station operator converting 18 to Marathon brand". TribLIVE. Retrieved April 20, 2013.
  16. ^ "Purchase of BP's Texas City Refinery and Related Assets Closes". February 1, 2013. Archived from the original on September 21, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2016.
  17. ^ "Purchase of Hess' Retail Operations and Related Assets Closes". October 1, 2014. Archived from the original on September 21, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2016.
  18. ^ "Marathon Petroleum sued in Texas court over Jan. 11 refinery fire: lawyers". January 19, 2016.
  19. ^ "Marathon Petroleum to pay 86 million to settle Texas fire lawsuits". August 3, 2017.
  20. ^ "Marathon Petroleum Corporation - Investor Relations - News Release". ir.marathonpetroleum.com. Retrieved 30 April 2018.[permanent dead link]
  21. ^ DiChristopher, Tom (2018-05-01). "Marathon-Andeavor merger checks the boxes where it counts: Texas, Mexico and the high seas". CNBC. Retrieved 2018-05-04.
  22. ^ "Marathon Petroleum Corporation - Press Release". Archived from the original on 2018-10-01.
  23. ^ http://ir.marathonpetroleum.com/file/Index?KeyFile=400741555
  24. ^ http://ir.marathonpetroleum.com/file/Index?KeyFile=400742219
  25. ^ "Marathon Petroleum Corp. Announces Agreement for $21 Billion Sale of Speedway". Marathon Petroleum Corporation. 2 August 2020. Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  26. ^ Krauss, Clifford (2 August 2020). "Marathon Is Selling Speedway Gas Stations to 7-Eleven's Parent for $21 Billion". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 August 2020.
  27. ^ Ando, Ritsuko; Singh, Kanishka (2 August 2020). "Japan's Seven & i seals $21 billion deal for Marathon Petroleum's Speedway gas stations". Reuters. Retrieved 4 August 2020.
  28. ^ Lindenberg, Greg (3 August 2020). "7-Eleven Outlines Benefits of Speedway Acquisition". CSP Daily News. Retrieved 4 August 2020.
  29. ^ Elliott, Rebecca (2020-08-03). "Marathon Petroleum to Sell Gas-Station Chain to 7-Eleven Owners for $21 Billion". Wall Street Journal (in American English). ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 2020-08-03.
  30. ^ "Marathon Petroleum Revenue 2010-2019 | MPC". www.macrotrends.net. Retrieved 2020-03-14.

External linksEdit