Sarhad Yawsip Jammo

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Mar Sarhad Yawsip Hermiz Jammo (born 14 March 1941) is a Chaldean prelate of the Chaldean Catholic Church who presided over the Eparchy of St. Peter The Apostle in the United States. He had been the bishop of this diocese since its inception on July 25, 2002. His bishopric currently sits at St. Peter's Chaldean Catholic Cathedral in El Cajon, California. Mar Sarhad Jammo was born in Baghdad and ordained a priest on December 19, 1964. Following 38 years as a priest he was elevated to the episcopacy by the then Patriarch of Babylon of the Chaldeans, Mar Raphael I Bidawid. Upon his installment, his first post was to serve as bishop of the newly created eparchy, St. Peter the Apostle, which spans across nineteen states of the western USA.[1] He retired on May 7, 2016.

Sarhad Yawsip Jammo
Eparch Emeritus of the Eparchy of St. Peter the Apostle
ChurchChaldean Catholic Church
DioceseChaldean Catholic Eparchy of Saint Peter the Apostle of San Diego
InstalledJuly 25, 2002
Term endedMay 7, 2016
PredecessorFirst Eparch
SuccessorEmanuel Shaleta
OrdinationDecember 19, 1964
ConsecrationJuly 25, 2002
by Raphael I Bidawid, Emmanuel III Delly and Ibrahim Namo Ibrahim
Personal details
Born (1941-03-14) March 14, 1941 (age 80)
Baghdad, Iraq
Styles of
Sarhad Yawsip Jammo
Mitre (plain).svg
Reference style
Spoken styleHis Grace
Religious styleEparch


Born to a Chaldean family from Baghdad, he attended the Chaldean Patriarchal Seminary in Mosul for formation and left to Rome at the age of 17. He attended the Pontifical Urbaniana University, where he earned a master's degree in both philosophy and theology. He then pursued doctoral studies at the Pontifical Oriental Institute, where he earned a Ph.D. in Eastern Ecclesiastical Studies. His dissertation was titled, "The Structure of the Chaldean Mass". Bishop Jammo conducted instructional work at several prestigious universities. He taught at the Pontifical Oriental Institute in Rome, the University of Notre Dame, and the Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C.[2]

Pastoral WorkEdit

After finishing his studies in Rome, Jammo was appointed pastor of St. John the Baptist Parish in Baghdad, where he would serve from 1969 to 1974. At which time, he became the rector at the Chaldean Patriarchial Seminary in Mosul. In 1977, he was made associate pastor of Mother of God parish in Southfield, Michigan, where he would serve with Mar George Garmo. In 1983, he was appointed pastor of St. Joseph's Church in Troy, Michigan, in which capacity he would serve until his elevation to the episcopacy.[3]

In 2002, Pope John Paul II created a second diocese for the Chaldean Church in the United States. The new diocese would divide the country between the east and west. Mar Sarhad Jammo would be given an apostolic seat to preside over the Eparchy of St. Peter the Apostle covering the western United States. Bishop Jammo has championed ecclesiastical renewal and reconciliation. In 2006, the Chaldean Church received Vatican approval on a reform of the Liturgy of Addai and Mari. The St. Peter Diocese has been the first to implement the reformed mass showing Bishop Jammo's passion and zeal for liturgical renewal.[4]

Degrees and PublicationsEdit

Bishop Jammo is an established author and historian of the Chaldean history, liturgy, and language. The Bishop has authored the following books/publications: "Introductory Chaldean," "Ancient and Modern Chaldean History," "The Chaldean Liturgy: At the Gate of God," "Chaldean Grammar," "Emmanuel," "Chosen to Rescue: Chaldean Exegis of the Old Testament (Old Pillars)," "Journeying to Emmaus: A Chaldean Catechism for First Communion" [5] and "L'Office du soir chaldéen au temps de Gabriel Qatraya" in L'Orient Syrien 12 (1967) 187–210 on the writings of Gabriel of Qatar.

On Assyrian IdentityEdit

At a 1996 lecture on "Chaldeans in the Third Millennium," Jammo stated, "So often I had to clarify it because I think it's not understood, never understood, how much I write, and educate people. When I say "Chaldean,"—our forefathers when they gave us the name "Chaldean," did not mean, did not mean, did not mean that they are from people of Babylon. No! No! No! Don't be dumps, all of us, including me, to think that my forefathers didn't understand that living in Tel Keppe and Alqosh, they didn't know that they were Assyrians? Our forefathers understood. Our forefathers understood. When they said "Chaldeans," how someone living Tel Keppe didn't know that Nineveh was in front of his eyes, that he is not from Babylon. It's not meant in that way. Our forefathers searched for a comprehensive title, not only for one time or one period, but for the entirety of the people—all of it."[6]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-02-11. Retrieved 2015-02-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-02-11. Retrieved 2015-02-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-02-11. Retrieved 2015-02-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^
  6. ^

External linksEdit

Episcopal successionEdit

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
First Eparch
Eparch of St. Peter the Apostle of San Diego
Succeeded by
Emmanuel Shalita