Manjung District

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The Manjung District, formerly Dindings, is a district in the southwestern part of the state of Perak, Malaysia. It is administered by the Manjung Municipal Council (Malay: Majlis Perbandaran Manjung), formerly known as Manjung District Council (Malay: Majlis Daerah Manjung) from 1 January 1980 until 31 July 2001. The district is well known for Pangkor Island, an attraction in Perak and the home of the Royal Malaysian Navy (TLDM), Lumut Naval Base and dockyard. Dinding was once part of the British Straits Settlements colony. Seri Manjung is the district's principal urban centre while smaller towns include Lumut town, Sitiawan town, Ayer Tawar, Pantai Remis and Beruas.

Manjung District
District of Malaysia
Daerah Manjung
Other transcription(s)
 • Chinese曼绒县
 • Tamilமஞ்சோங்
 • Jawiمنجوڠ
Official seal of Manjung District
Location of Manjung District in Perak
Location of Manjung District in Perak
Map
Manjung District is located in Malaysia
Manjung District
Manjung District
Location of Manjung District in Malaysia
Coordinates: 4°20′N 100°40′E / 4.333°N 100.667°E / 4.333; 100.667
CountryMalaysia
StatePerak
SeatSeri Manjung
Largest townSitiawan
Local area government(s)Manjung Municipal Council
Government
 • District officerFariz Hanip[1]
Area
 • Total1,113.58 km2 (429.96 sq mi)
Population
 (2010)[3]
 • Total224,331
 • Estimate 
(2015)[4]
249,600
 • Density200/km2 (520/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (MST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+8 (Not observed)
Postcode
320xx-325xx, 327xx, 349xx
Calling code+6-05
Vehicle registration platesA
Manjung Municipal Council

Majlis Perbandaran Manjung
مجليس ڤربندرن منجوڠ
Local Government Act 1976
The Seal of Manjung Municipal Council.png
Type
Type
History
Founded1 August 2001
Preceded byManjung District Council
Leadership
President
Syamsul Hazeman Md Salleh
Motto
Maju, Progresif, Makmur
Onward, Progressive, Prosperous
Meeting place
Jalan Pinang Raja, 32040 Seri Manjung, Perak Darul Ridzuan
Website
www.mpm.gov.my

HistoryEdit

 
View of Dindings taken from a hill in Pulau Pangkor, 1874.

Prior to 1973 the district was called Dindings. It used to be part of the Straits Settlements, then under the administration of Penang. Dindings district became part of the Pangkor Treaty signed by Britain, and the British appointed Sultan of Perak Sultan Abdullah, in January 1874. This agreement was signed to stop the bloodshed resulting from two major events, the struggle for the throne between relatives of Perak royalty on the death of Sultan Ali, and Chinese clan wars between Ghee Hin and Hai San to grab tin mining areas in late colonial Taiping.[5]

The agreement required the Sultan of Perak to surrender Dindings to the British, to accept a British Resident, James W. W. Birch, and the appointment of an assistant resident in Taiping, Captain Tristram Speedy. Sultan Ismail was to step down from the throne of Perak.

During the British colonial era, colonial Dindings comprised three main areas: Sitiawan, Lumut and Pangkor Island.

The British had hoped that Dindings would prove to be a valuable natural harbour. However, this did not become the case.[6] In 1935, the Sultan of Perak, Sultan Iskandar Alang successfully appealed to the British for the return of Dindings to Perak. The Perak government united the former colony with Bruas and coastal areas to the south, forming the Dindings district. In 1973, Dindings district was given its current name, Manjung.

On 24 April 2009, Lumut was declared by the Sultan Perak as the Royal Malaysian Navy's Town – or simply called as TLDM Town or Navy Town. Manjung also was declared as "Bandar Pelancongan Dan Maritim" (Tourism and Maritime Town) by government of Perak.

In August 2016, Sembilan Island was separated from Manjung District and incorporated into Bagan Datuk District.[7]

Administrative divisionsEdit

 
Map of Manjung district

Manjung District is divided into five mukims:[8][9]

Federal Parliament and State Assembly SeatsEdit

Manjung district is divided to two parliamentary constituencies with the northern part of district is under Beruas constituency while southern part is part of Lumut constituency. As of 2022, there were 201,345 voters in both the parliament seats combined.

Voter DemographicsEdit

Ethnic breakdown of Manjung District's electorate as of 2022[10]

  Malay (48.08%)
  Chinese (36.94%)
  Indian (13.38%)
  Other ethnicities (1.6%)

List of Manjung district representatives in the Federal Parliament (Dewan Rakyat)

Parliament Seat Name Member of Parliament Party
P68 Beruas Ngeh Koo Ham Pakatan Harapan (DAP)
P74 Lumut Nordin Ahmad Ismail Perikatan Nasional (PAS)


List of Manjung district representatives in the State Legislative Assembly of Perak

Parliament State Seat Name State Assemblyman Party
P68 N36 Pengkalan Baharu Azman Noh Barisan Nasional (UMNO)
P68 N37 Pantai Remis Wong May Ing Pakatan Harapan (DAP)
P68 N38 Astaka Jason Ng Thien Yeong Pakatan Harapan (DAP)
P74 N51 Pasir Panjang Rosli Abd Rahman Perikatan Nasional (PAS)
P74 N52 Pangkor Norhaslinda Zakaria Perikatan Nasional (BERSATU)

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1991168,331—    
2000191,132+13.5%
2010227,071+18.8%
2020246,977+8.8%
Source: [11]

The following is based on Department of Statistics Malaysia 2020 census.[3]

Ethnic groups in Manjung, 2020 census
Ethnicity Population Percentage
Bumiputera 133,449 54.05%
Chinese 65,921 26.69%
Indian 29,400 11.90%
Others 919 0.37%
Non-Malaysians 17,288 6.99%
Total 246,977 100%

EducationEdit

Manjung has numerous schools, with 24 Chinese primary schools and five Chinese secondary schools in the district. Of these, five schools were founded by Ong Seok Kim.[12] They are SJK (C) Chung Cheng,[13] Sitiawan in 1920; SMJK Nan Hwa[14] (which split into Sekolah Tinggi Nan Hwa, Ayer Tawar Road in 1984) in 1935; SJK (C) Ping Min,[15] Lumut in 1951; and SMJK Dindings,[16] Lumut in 1953. Ong Seok Kim died in 1964. The following year, the Manjung community established the Ong Seok Kim Memorial Education Fund in his honour. The fund offers scholarships and loans to students in the Manjung District, irrespective of ethnicity.[17] All school are under the administration of district education office.

Secondary educationEdit

  • City Harbour International School
  • SMK Seri Manjung
  • SMK Kampung Dato’ Seri Kamaruddin
  • SMK Ahmad Boestamam
  • SMK Convent, Sitiawan
  • SMK Methodist (ACS), Sitiawan
  • SMK Tok Perdana
  • SMK Ambrose
  • SMK Methodist, Ayer Tawar
  • SMK Raja Shahriman
  • SMK Pantai Remis
  • SMK Changkat Beruas
  • SMK Dato' Idris, Pengkalan Bharu
  • SMK Seri Samudera
  • SMK Batu Sepuluh, Lekir
  • SMK Pangkalan TLDM
  • SMK Pangkor
  • Kolej Vokasional Seri Manjung

Tertiary educationEdit

  • Universiti Kuala Lumpur Malaysian Institute of Marine Engineering Technology (UniKL MIMET)
  • Institut Kemahiran Mara (IKM) (Lumut)
  • Kolej Komuniti (located partly in Sekolah Teknik Seri Manjung)
  • Kolej Kejururawatan Ipoh (Lumut branch – located near in Lumut Town)

Training centresEdit

  • Outward Bound Malaysia,[18] Lumut
  • Pusat Latihan Khidmat Negara,[19] (Teluk Rubiah & Segari)

TransportEdit

The public transportation servicing the Manjung area are public buses in the Seri Manjung and Lumut bus stations.

Manjung district is accessible via Route 5, Route 60, Ipoh-Lumut Highway and West Coast Expressway.

There are two small airfields located in Sitiawan and Pangkor but both of them are unused.

HealthcareEdit

The main public healthcare centre serving Manjung is Hospital Seri Manjung, Hospital Angkatan Tentera in Lumut. Besides this, there are numerous clinics in the surrounding region such as in Sitiawan, Ayer Tawar, Pulau Pangkor, Pantai Remis, Beruas, Lekir. A new hospital opened in 2014, Pantai Hospital Seri Manjung. There is also KPJ Manjung.

Columbia Asia Hospital in Sitiawan will replace the earlier proposed Goodhope Specialist Hospital, Sitiawan which was abandoned in January 2014. This project was then abandoned.

EconomyEdit

 
Malaya in 1922 with the Straits Settlements, including Dinding, in red

The major economic sectors in Manjung are agriculture, manufacturing and the services industries. Agriculture is the main economic sector, making up the majority of the population's employment. Manjung is well known for its livestock production, especially poultry. Sea fishing and fish/prawn farming are the most important economic activities for some community members. At least 5,000 residents are fishermen. Farming of fresh-water fish and prawns are being carried out thoroughly in the district. There are more than 300 ponds of prawns in operation. The most popular prawn farming area is along Dinding River.

Manjung District has become the fastest growing district in the state of Perak. Property prices are seeing increases of over 15% in the past few years.[when?][citation needed] In terms of growth of commercial sector, Manjung is the second fastest growing district in the state, with 5,947 developed units or 13.32%.[20] Many of these businesses and industries are located along the roads connecting Sitiawan, Seri Manjung, Lumut and Ayer Tawar. Industrial and commercial activities are also present in other smaller, neighboring towns such as Beruas, Pantai Remis, Pekan Gurney, Lekir and Changkat Kuring.

Businesses in Manjung include wholesale, groceries and services. There are also informal activities such as settled hawkers (1,029 which cover 11.00%) and itinerant hawkers (1,092 which cover 11.00%) in Manjung district.[citation needed]

Of all the business activities here, services contribute about 72.30% of all the commercial activities. The groceries sector is the second largest commercial activity, covering 24.40% (1,449 unit), while wholesale activities cover the remaining portion, with about 3.40%.[citation needed]

TourismEdit

PangkorEdit

 
Aerial photograph of Pangkor Island and Lumut from the east

Pangkor Island, a holiday resort, is one of the most well known islands in Malaysia. It is located approximately 90 km southwest of Ipoh. The main tourist drawer to Pangkor Island are beaches on the western coastline, such as Pantai Puteri Dewi, Pasir Bogak Beach, Teluk Belanga, Teluk Segadas, Teluk Nipah, and Teluk Cempedak.[citation needed]

The main island of Pangkor is populated mainly by fisherfolk who occupy the eastern coastline. The island is known for its anchovies and squid.

There are also ruins of a 330-year-old Dutch Fort located in Teluk Gadong which was one of the Dutch strongholds against pirates and local Malays. Another historical interest on Pangkor Island is the Pangkor Stone Tablet (Batu Bersurat Pangkor in Malay) which is near the Dutch fort.

Pangkor Laut Island, a small privately owned island to the southwest of the main island, is the second largest of the nine islands that make up the Pangkor archipelago. Pangkor Laut is known for its white beaches and clear waters.[citation needed] It has three main beaches, Emerald Bay, Coral Beach and Royal Bay.

Marina IslandEdit

Marina Island[21] is one of the man-made island in Malaysia, built on the coast of Teluk Muruh, opposite Pangkor Island and Pangkor Laut Resort, in the state of Perak, Malaysia. The island covers an area of 128.2 hectares (316.9 acres) located 400 m (1,300 ft) from the mainland's shoreline. Marina Island took five years of planning and feasibility studies to ensure that the making of the island would not disrupt the environment.[citation needed]

Marina Island is also a gateway to Pangkor Island with the establishment of a domestic jetty terminal in the island. The journey to Pangkor Island takes 10 minutes from the Marina Island Jetty.[citation needed]

BeachesEdit

 
Sunset view in Teluk Senangin

Aside from beaches on Pangkor Island, there are other beaches in Manjung that are popular among locals and tourists. Teluk Batik is often a choice for campers, picnickers and swimmers.[citation needed] Other nearby beaches include Pasir Panjang, Tanjung Kepah and Teluk Senangin.

Other places of interestEdit

The Terrapin Breeding Centre is a breeding and information centre for terrapins (or Batagur baska).

There are two museums in the district, namely Beruas Museum and Sitiawan Settlement Museum.

Golf coursesEdit

Golf courses in Manjung include Damai Laut Golf and Country Club.

Shopping CentresEdit

  • Billion Shopping Centre, Jalan Lumut, Seri Manjung
  • The Store,[22] Sitiawan (formerly Fajar Supermarket)
  • Ikhwan Supermarket, Seri Manjung (formerly Rapid and Ceria Supermarket).[23]
  • Econsave[24] Hypermarket, Sitiawan
  • Lotus's Hypermarket, Seri Manjung
  • AEON Mall Seri Manjung
  • Mydin Hypermarket, Sri Manjung (proposed) – beside Toyota Showroom
  • TF Value, Seri Manjung. (both in Taman Samudera and Manjung Point).

Sport attractionsEdit

  • Manjung stadium
  • Padang Astaka Sitiawan
  • MP3 Badminton Court Centre
  • Manjung Indoor Sport Arena (MISA)
  • Manjung Badminton Arena Lekir

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Portal Rasmi Pejabat Daerah Dan Tanah - Pegawai Daerah". pdtmanjung.perak.gov.my.
  2. ^ "Rancangan Struktur Negeri Perak 2040" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-03-28. Retrieved 2018-03-28.
  3. ^ a b "Population Distribution and Basic Demographic Characteristics, 2010" (PDF). Department of Statistics, Malaysia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 May 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  4. ^ "Rancangan Struktur Negeri Perak 2040" (PDF). p. 316. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-03-28. Retrieved 2018-03-28.
  5. ^ See pages 86–88, Chapter 8 Malaysian Confrontations, Send A Gunboat: The Victorian Navy and Supremacy at Sea, 1854–1904, by Antony Preston & John Major, Conway, an imprint of Anova Books Ltd, London, UK, 2007 Revised Edition, ISBN 978-0-85177-923-2
  6. ^   One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainClifford, Hugh Charles (1911). "Straits Settlements". In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 25 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 980–981.
  7. ^ SAID, MOHAMAD HAFIZI MOHD. "Pulau Sembilan kini bawah Bagan Datoh". Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  8. ^ "Portal Rasmi Pejabat Daerah Dan Tanah - Profil Daerah". pdtmanjung.perak.gov.my.
  9. ^ "Toponymic Guidelines for Map and Other Editors for International Use" (PDF). Malaysian National Committee on Geographical Names. 2017. p. 34. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 22, 2021. Retrieved May 29, 2021.
  10. ^ "14th General Election Malaysia (GE14 / PRU14) - Results Overview". election.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 2020-06-20.
  11. ^ "Key Findings Population and Housing Census of Malaysia, 2020" (in Malay and English). Department of Statistics, Malaysia.
  12. ^ Wang Jianshi, Ong Eng-Joo: No Other Way Out – A Biography of Ong Seok Kim. Petaling Jaya, Malaysia: Strategic Information and Research Development Centre, 2013, see Official Site of Ong Seok Kim
  13. ^ "Chung Cheng Primary School, Sitiawan - Ong Seok Kim". ongseokkim.com.
  14. ^ "Nan Hwa High School, Sitiawan - Ong Seok Kim". ongseokkim.com.
  15. ^ "Ping Min Free School, Pundut, Lumut - Ong Seok Kim". ongseokkim.com.
  16. ^ "50LKC_4020_edited-1 - Ong Seok Kim". ongseokkim.com.
  17. ^ "Ong Seok Kim Memorial Education Fund – Ong Seok Kim". Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  18. ^ Outward Bound Malaysia
  19. ^ "Pusat Latihan Khidmat Negara". Archived from the original on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 2014-01-30.
  20. ^ Malaysian, Digest. "Malaysian Digest". malaysiandigest.com. Archived from the original on September 26, 2015. Retrieved 26 September 2015.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  21. ^ "Marina Island Pangkor - An Integrated Man-made World". Marina Island - Pangkor.
  22. ^ "The Store Corporation Berhad - Operator of Supermarkets - Departmental Stores - Hypermarkets". www.tstore.com.my.
  23. ^ "Ikhwan Mart".
  24. ^ Econsave

External linksEdit