Manius Sergius Fidenas

Manius Sergius Fidenas was a consular tribune of the Roman Republic in 404 and 402 BC.[1]

Sergius belonged to the Sergia gens, a young patrician gentes of the Republic which had first risen to become consulares with Lucius Sergius Fidenas in 437 BC. Sergius' father, taken from filiations, was named Lucius which could identify him as the consular of 437 BC, or another otherwise unattested individual. Sergius had one known son Lucius Sergius Fidenas, consular tribune in 397 BC and possible another son or grandson named Gaius Sergius Fidenas Coxo, consular tribune in 387 BC.[2][3]

CareerEdit

Sergius first held the imperium in 404 BC as one of six consular tribunes. His colleagues in the office were Gaius Valerius Potitus Volusus, Publius Cornelius Maluginensis, Gnaeus Cornelius Cossus, Caeso Fabius Ambustus and Spurius Nautius Rutilus. The year saw the continuation of the war with Veii and the Volsci. Victories against the Volsci resulted in the capture of the town of Artena. The consulars also backed a colonization effort at Velitrae. Livy has Sergius with the praenomen Marcus during this year but all other sources agree that he was named Manius. There is some doubt among modern scholars in regards to the historicity of these consular colleges of six and there are indications of a higher degree of interpolation during this period.[4][5][6][7][8]

Sergius would be re-elected to the tribuneship in 402 BC, again as part of a six-man consular college. His colleagues were Gaius Servilius Ahala, Quintus Servilius Fidenas, Lucius Verginius Tricostus Esquilinus, Quintus Sulpicius Camerinus Cornutus and Aulus Manlius Vulso Capitolinus. There was much infighting between the consulars which would lead to the defeat of Sergius at Veii because his colleague Verginius refused him aid. Ahala, his other colleague, took matters into his own hands and forced the abdication of the entire college, including Sergius, to be replaced by a newly elected college. The defeat of the Romans at Veii should be treated as historical, but the reason (such as the rivalry between Sergius and Verginius) provided by ancient authors, such as Livy, should be viewed critically and sceptically, similar scepticism should be directed at the actions of Ahala. Similarly as in 404 BC Livy has Sergius incorrectly named as Marcus.[9][10][11][12][13][14]

The following year, in 401 BC, Sergius and Verginius were both prosecuted and convicted for their actions during their tenure as consular tribunes. The prosecutors were the tribunes of the plebs under the leadership of Publius Curiatius and Marcus Minucius. The whole trial is generally seen as anachronistic and an invention by Livy, who remains our only source in the matter. Some of the reasons includes the mention of monetary fines, which was yet to become custom in Rome, and the fact that both Curiatius and Minucius are patrician names and that prosecution rights should not have been given to the tribune of the plebs prior to the Lex Licinia Sextia of 368 BC.[15][16][17]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Broughton, Magistrates of the Roman Republic, 1951, vol i, pp.81, 83
  2. ^ Broughton, vol i
  3. ^ Ogilvie, R.M. A Commentary on Livy: Books 1-5, Oxford, 1965, pp.624
  4. ^ Chronograph of 354 (Maluginesis et Cicurino III)
  5. ^ Livy, Ab Urbe Condita, iv. 61.4-61.11
  6. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca historica, xiv 19.1, 34.7
  7. ^ Broughton, vol i, pp.81
  8. ^ Pinsent, John, Military Tribunes and Plebeian Consuls: The Fasti from 444 V to 342 V, Wiesbaden, 1975, pp. 50
  9. ^ Chr 354. (Structo III et Cornuto)
  10. ^ Livy, v, 8-9
  11. ^ Diodorus, xiv, 38.1, 43.5
  12. ^ Broughton, vol i, pp.82-83
  13. ^ Ogilvie, pp.644-646
  14. ^ Pinsent, pp.47
  15. ^ Livy. v. 10.10-12.2
  16. ^ Broughton, vol i, pp.84
  17. ^ Ogilvie, pp.649-650
Political offices
Preceded by Consular tribune of the Roman Republic
with Spurius Nautius Rutilus,
Gaius Valerius Potitus Volusus,
Gnaeus Cornelius Cossus,
Publius Cornelius Maluginensis,
and Caeso Fabius Ambustus

404 BC
Succeeded by
Preceded by Consular tribune of the Roman Republic
with Quintus Sulpicius Camerinus Cornutus
Quintus Servilius Fidenas
Gaius Servilius Ahala
Lucius Verginius Tricostus Esquilinus
Aulus Manlius Vulso Capitolinus

402 BC
Succeeded by