Manchester Gorton (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Manchester Gorton in Greater Manchester in 2010.
Location of Greater Manchester within England.
|Electorate||74,681 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Belle Vue, Gorton, Levenshulme|
|Member of Parliament||Afzal Khan (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|South East Lancashire Gorton|
|Former County constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||one|
|Created from||South East Lancashire|
Manchester Gorton has returned MPs from the Labour Party since 1935, with majorities exceeding 17% since 1979. The 2015 general election result made the seat the eighth-safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.
From 1983-2017, Sir Gerald Kaufman, Father of the House of Commons, represented the constituency. His death in February 2017 triggered a by-election which was due to be held on 4 May 2017, but this was subsequently countermanded (that is, cancelled) after the House of Commons voted for a snap general election to be held on 8 June 2017.[n 2] At that election, the Conservatives returned their lowest vote share for any seat in Great Britain, at 7.3%.
South-East Lancashire, Gorton Division consisted of the area of the Gorton Local Board and the townships or parishes of Denton, Haughton, and Openshaw. The constituency comprised an area bounded on the west by the city of Manchester and to the east and south by the county boundary with Cheshire. In 1890, Manchester's municipal boundaries were extended to include Gorton and Openshaw, although constituency boundaries remained unchanged until 1918.
The Representation of the People Act 1918 reorganised parliamentary seats throughout Great Britain. The redistribution reflected the boundary changes of 1890, with Gorton becoming a division of the parliamentary borough of Manchester. The Manchester, Gorton Division comprised three wards of the county borough of Manchester: Gorton North, Gorton South and Openshaw. Denton and Haughton, which together had formed Denton Urban District in 1894, were transferred to the Mossley Division of Lancashire.
The next redrawing of English constituencies was effected by the Representation of the People Act 1948. The Act introduced the term "borough constituency", with Manchester Gorton Borough Constituency now consisting of four wards of the city: Gorton North, Gorton South, Levenshulme and Openshaw. Levenshulme was transferred from the abolished Manchester Rusholme seat. The revised boundaries were first used at the 1950 general election.
In 1955 boundary changes were made based on the recommendations of the Boundary Commission appointed under the House of Commons (Redistribution of Seats) Act 1949. The constituency was redefined as consisting of the Gorton North and Gorton South wards of the county borough and the two neighbouring urban districts of Audenshaw and Denton in the administrative county of Lancashire. Levenshulme passed to Manchester Withington while Openshaw formed the core of a new Manchester Openshaw seat.
The 1983 redistribution of seats reflected local government reforms made in 1974. Manchester Gorton became a borough constituency in the parliamentary county of Greater Manchester. The constituency was redefined as comprising six wards of the Metropolitan district and City of Manchester, namely: Fallowfield, Gorton North, Gorton South, Levenshulme, Longsight and Rusholme. The constituency was unaltered at the next redistribution prior to the 1997 general election.
From the Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies the seat had wards (since the 2010 general election) of: Fallowfield, Gorton North, Gorton South, Levenshulme, Longsight, Rusholme and Whalley Range.
In 2018 the Local Government Boundary Commission for England (LGBCE) implemented changes to Manchester's electoral wards including the merging of Gorton North and Gorton South to create a new ward, Gorton and Abbey Hey. For the purposes of parliamentary elections the 2004-2018 ward boundaries are used.
Members of ParliamentEdit
|1889 by-election||William Mather||Liberal|
|1905||Liberal||Mr Hatch crossed floor|
|1937 by-election||William Wedgewood Benn||Labour|
|1942 by-election||William Oldfield||Labour|
|1967 by-election||Kenneth Marks||Labour|
|1983||Sir Gerald Kaufman||Labour||Died February 2017; by-election was called, but countermanded due to snap general election.|
|2017||Afzal Khan||Labour||Shadow Immigration Minister|
Elections in the 2010sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Jackie Pearcey||2,448||5.5||0.2|
|Brexit Party||Lesley Kaya||1,573||3.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Jackie Pearcey||2,597||5.7||1.4|
|Christian Peoples Alliance||Kemi Abidogun||233||0.5||N/A|
|Communist League||Peter Clifford||27||0.1||N/A|
These are the same as the candidates who were to stand at the cancelled 2017 by-election, except for an Official Monster Raving Loony Party candidate and another independent, who did not stand at the general election.
|Liberal Democrats||Dave Page||1,782||4.2||−28.4|
|Liberal Democrats||Qassim Afzal||12,508||32.6||−0.9|
Elections in the 2000sEdit
|Liberal Democrats||Qassim Afzal||9,672||33.2||+11.9|
|Workers Revolutionary||Dan Waller||181||0.6||N/A|
|Resolutionist Party||Matthew Kay||159||0.5||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats||Jackie Pearcey||5,795||21.3||+3.8|
|Socialist Labour||Kirsty Muir||333||1.2||−0.2|
Elections in the 1990sEdit
Changes in vote compared with notional figures for 1992 election following boundary changes.
|Liberal Democrats||Jackie Pearcey||6,362||17.5||+3.5|
|Socialist Labour||Trevor Wongsam||501||1.4||N/A|
|Liberal Democrats||Phil Harris||5,327||14.0||−7.7|
|Revolutionary Communist||Pam Lawrence||108||0.3||N/A|
|Natural Law||Philip D. Mitchell||84||0.2||N/A|
|International Communist||Colleen E. Smith||30||0.1||N/A|
Elections in the 1980sEdit
|Red Front||Pam Lawrence||253||0.56|
Elections in the 1970sEdit
|National Front||Richard Chadfield||469||1.13|
|Conservative||John A. Kevill||17,594||39.73|
|Liberal||James M. Ashley||3,013||6.80|
Elections in the 1960sEdit
|All Party Alliance||John Creasey||1,123||2.68||N/A|
|Conservative||Ian Keith Paley||16,418||39.90|
Elections in the 1950sEdit
|Conservative||Donald Henry Moore||22,480||49.06|
|Conservative||K. Bruce Campbell||20,833||49.68|
|Conservative||Squire Horace Garlick||20,815||41.98|
|Liberal||Abram Maxwell Caplin||3,377||6.63|
Elections in the 1940sEdit
Elections in the 1930sEdit
|Labour||William Wedgewood Benn||17,849||57.69||+1.83|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1920sEdit
|Liberal||Beatrice Annie Bayfield||3,385||9.4||N/A|
Election in 1918Edit
|Independent Unionist||Henry White||5,005||25.9||N/A|
|Socialist Labour||J. T. Murphy||1,300||6.7||N/A|
- Although Hodge was a member of the Coalition Government, no official Coalition Government endorsement was sent to any candidate
Election results for South-East Lancashire, Gorton DivisionEdit
Elections in the 1910sEdit
Expected General Election 1914/15: Under the terms of the Parliament Act 1911 a General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
In the event, the election was postponed on the outbreak of the Great War.
Elections in the 1900sEdit
|Labour Repr. Cmte.||John Hodge||8,566||66.4||+18.8|
|Labour Repr. Cmte. gain from Conservative||Swing||+18.8|
Mr Hatch crossed the floor of the House of Commons to sit with the Liberals, around February 1905.
Elections in the 1890sEdit
|Ind. Labour Party||Richard Pankhurst||4,261||42.1||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1880sEdit
- Caused by Peacock's death.
|Conservative||Arthur George Egerton||4,135||47.4||+8.0|
|Conservative||Daniel Irvine Flattely||3,452||39.4||N/A|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
Notes and referencesEdit
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- "Manchester Gorton by-election cancelled". April 19, 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "GE2017 - Constituency results". Britain Elects (Google Docs). Retrieved 11 June 2017.
- Seventh Schedule, Counties At Large, Number Of Members And Names And Contents Of Divisions, Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 (C.23)
- F A Youngs Jr., Guide to the Local Administrative Units of England, Vol.II: Northern England, London 1991
- Ninth Schedule: Redistribution of Seats, Representation of the People Act 1918 (C.5)
- First Schedule, Parliamentary Constituencies, Representation of the People Act 1948 (C.65)
- The Parliamentary Constituencies (Manchester, Oldham and Ashton under Lyne) Order, 1955 (S.I. 1955 No.16)
- The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983 (S.I. 1983 No.417)
- The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995 (S.I. 1995 No.1626)
- Fifth periodical report - Volume 3 Mapping for the London Boroughs and the Metropolitan Counties, The Stationery Office, 26 February 2007, ISBN 0-10-170322-8
- LGBCE (April 2017). Final recommendations on the new electoral arrangements for Manchester City Council (PDF). Local Government Boundary Commission for England. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 February 2018.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "G" (part 2)
- "Political Notes". The Times, London. 13 February 1905. p. 6. Retrieved 2017-02-27.
- "Blackley & Broughton Parliamentary constituency". manchester.gov.uk. Manchester City Council. Retrieved 13 December 2019.
- "Statement of Persons Nominated & Notice of Poll". Manchester City Council. Archived from the original on 15 May 2017. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Manchester Gorton". BBC News. Retrieved 11 May 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "BBC News | Election 2010 | Constituency | Manchester Gorton". news.bbc.co.uk.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- The Times House of Commons, 1950-1970
- Stevenson, Graham. "Abbott Syd". Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
- F. W. S. Craig, ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949. Palgrave Macmillan UK. doi:10.1007/978-1-349-81467-1.
- "Manchester & Salford: Only About Half The Voters Poll". The Manchester Guardian. 30 Dec 1918. p. 4.
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-49, FWS Craig
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1922
- Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser, 17 Jan 1914
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- The Constitutional Year Book, 1904, published by Conservative Central Office, page 147 (171 in web page), Lancashire South East
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Louth and Horncastle
| Constituency represented by the Father of the House