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|Municipality||City of Tshwane|
|• Total||45.19 km2 (17.45 sq mi)|
|• Density||7,400/km2 (19,000/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||98.9%|
|First languages (2011)|
|• Northern Sotho||42.3%|
|• S. Ndebele||8.8%|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (SAST)|
|Postal code (street)|
|Area code||+27 (0)12|
"Mamelodi" is the name derived from the Sepedi word with the prefix being "ma" meaning mother, and the suffix "melodi" meaning melody. It can be also mean Mother of Melodies.
The township was established when 16 houses were built on the farm Vlakfontein in June 1953 and later the name changed to Mamelodi. The Group Areas Act designated Mamelodi as a blacks-only area, though this became moot with the fall of Apartheid in 1994. In the 1960s black citizens were forcefully removed from the suburb of Lady Selbourne in Pretoria to Mamelodi, Ga-Rankuwa and Atteridgeville. Anti-apartheid activist Reverend Nico Smith preached in Mamelodi from 1982–1989, and obtained permission to live there himself from 1985–1989. During that period, he and his wife Ellen were the only whites legally allowed to live in Mamelodi. The township still has vastly more blacks than any other group as of 2010.
Since 2001 Mamelodi has had a large AIDS outreach program helping several thousand orphans in the community. Mamelodi is home to the largest AIDS Hospice Center in South Africa with 140 beds available free of charge.
- Moretele Primary School
- Agnes Chidi Primary School
- Dr Monare Primary School
- Mveledzo Primary School
- Sikhanyisele Primary School
- Meetse A Bophelo Primary School
- Mogale Primary School
- Bula-Dikgoro School
- Ramahlale Primary School
- Bajabulile Primary School
- Pula-difate Primary School
- Tlakukani Primary School
- F.F. Ribeiro Primary School
- N'wavangani Primary School
- Mahlasedi Masana Primary School
- Boikganthso Primary School
- Motheo Primary School
- Zakhele Primary school
- Botlhabatsatsi Primary School
- Zamintuthuko Primary School
- Umthombo Primary School
- Ezazi Primary School
- Tshimollo Primary School
- Ndima Primary School
- Sindawonye Primary School
- Pheladi Nakene Primary School
- Agnes Chidi Primary School
- Koos Matli Primary School
- Dr I.M Monare Primary School
Uaone Primary school
- Mahube Valley Primary School
- Shirinda Primary School
- Emthunzini Primary School
Secondary and High SchoolsEdit
- Mamelodi Secondary School
- Tsako-Thabo Secondary School
- Stanza Bopape Secondary School
- Vukani Mawethu Secondary School
- Vlakfontein Secondary School
- Bona Lesedi Secondary School
- Gatang Secondary School
- Jafta Mahlangu Secondary School
- Solomon Mahlangu Secondary School
- Rephafukgile Secondary School
- Mahube Valley Secondary School
- Ribane Laka High School
- Modiri Technical High School
- Lehlabile High School
- J.Kekana High School
- Phateng Comprehensive School
Tshwane North TVET College has 6 campuses, one of which is based in the east of Mamelodi in the section called BufferZone, next to Mamelodi Day Hospital. It use to be called Thuto Matlhale, then changed to Mamelodi College and now known after the merge as TNC Mamelodi Campus.
The University of Pretoria operates a campus in Mamelodi. The campus in Mamelodi was incorporated from Vista University into the University of Pretoria on 2 January 2004 as part of a government reshuffle of smaller institutions into larger ones.
The U.S. Embassy operates the Mae Jemison Science Reading Room in Mamelodi. This stand-alone building on the University of Pretoria campus has a small library, computers, and an auditorium. It is used for after-school reading, tutoring, and other activities by students in Mamelodi.
Society and CultureEdit
There are different organisations and groups that are working towards improving the standard of living and education levels within the township. One of them is Tateni Community Care Services, funded in 1995, that operates 10 Drop-in Centres, mostly in primary schools, to support young children. Furthermore, they have a youth development program to support youth in-and-out-of-school to work towards their "Breaking the Cycle of Poverty" approach. Another organization The Mamelodi Trust operates within five schools in the area. The Mamelodi Initiative, was founded in 2007 by Richard Kelly and Seikanelo Sedibane and it was launched in 2010, it focuses on providing after school and out-of-school time programming to Mamelodi residents through winter and summer holiday programmes, year-round computer courses, youth mentoring, and other opportunities for youth. The Itsoseng Clinic was established in 1995 and continues to deliver a comprehensive psychological service to the local residents [www.psyssa.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/12/CaSP-Itsoseng-Clinic-article.pdf.]
The HM Pitje Stadium is located in Mamelodi.
Mamelodi is also home to the 2003 Miss South Africa Joan Ramagoshi.
Life in MamelodiEdit
There are a lot of informal settlements in Mamelodi. The housing problem is so great in the area, but it is proving impossible to keep up with the demand. The Rates of youth unemployment and drug use are high.
Crime in MamelodiEdit
Crime is also a major problem facing the community with poverty, unemployment and social issues being the major contributors. The community has been in the news for all the wrong reasons, like looting during strikes and destruction of public properties with the aim to get the attention of the government to speed up service delivery.
One major outreach program in Mamelodi is the Viva Foundation. Viva works to support orphans and vulnerable children, as well as giving community members business and skills training. Viva's Mamelodi compound is host to a preschool, small store, kitchen, and safe house for orphans. Viva has also worked to produce a "living art gallery" by painting several homes surrounding the compound.
Another major outreach project situated on the University of Pretoria Mamelodi Campus is the Itsoseng Clinic, a psychological clinic providing free psychological services to the community of Pretoria. The Clinic is a project of the University of Pretoria's Department of Psychology and is in operation since 1994. The clinic collaborates with other helping services, i.e. policing services, hospitals, crisis centra, orphanages, hospices, etc. in the community to address issues related to poverty, crime, unemployment, such as substance and alcohol abuse, domestic violence, HIV/Aids related issues and learning and other difficulties. This is the only psychological facility in the community offering free services to the community. Services are provided by volunteers, students, interns and professional university staff.
Solomon Mahlangu is commemorated in the Solomon Mahlangu Freedom Square in his hometown of Mamelodi, Pretoria. The square is focused on a bronze statue of Mahlangu. It is located in well maintained parklands on the corner of Maphalla Drive and Tsamaya Avenue.
- "Mamelodi Heritage Route Launched". South African Ministry for Environmental Affairs and Tourism. 2000-09-22. Archived from the original on 2011-07-16. Retrieved 2009-08-14.
- "Main Place Mamelodi". Census 2011.
- Hevesi, Dennis (2010-06-21). "Nico Smith, White Minister Who Fought Apartheid, Dies at 81". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-06-22.
- Reportage on Informal Settlements in Mamelodi, 2010 by Film City Productions
- "Solomon Mahlangu Statue details".