Malta Conference (1945)

The Malta Conference was held from January 30 to February 3, 1945 between President Franklin D. Roosevelt of the United States and Prime Minister Winston Churchill of the United Kingdom on the island of Malta. The purpose of the conference was to plan the final campaign against the Germans with the Combined Chiefs of Staff (the United States Joint Chiefs of Staff and the British Chiefs of Staff Committee). Both leaders agreed on the undesirability of the Red Army advancing into central Europe.

Malta Conference
Franklin D. Roosevelt and Churchill in Malta - NARA - 196998.jpg
Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill at the Malta Conference
Host country Malta
DateJanuary 30 – February 3, 1945
Venue(s)Montgomery House
CitiesFloriana, Malta
Participants United Kingdom
 United States
PrecedesYalta Conference

The Conference was given the code names of ARGONAUT and CRICKET, as well as several others.

The Malta Conference began on January 30, 1945, but Roosevelt did not arrive until February 2, the last day of the conference.[1]


Among the participants of the Conference were U.S. Secretary of State Edward Stettinius, U.S. Ambassador to the Soviet Union W. Averell Harriman, Harry L. Hopkins, General of the Army George C. Marshall, Fleet Admiral Ernest J. King, Fleet Admiral Leahy, Prime Minister Churchill, British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, Major General Laurence S. Kuter (representing General of the Army H.H. Arnold who was unable to attend due to illness), Field Marshal H. Maitland Wilson, Field Marshal Sir Alan Brooke, Air Chief Marshal Sir Charles F.A. Portal, Admiral of the Fleet Sir A.B. Cunningham, General Sir Hastings L. Ismay and Lieutenant General Jacob Devers.[1]

January 30, 1945Edit

The conference was held at Montgomery House in Floriana

On Tuesday, January 30, 1945 at 10 a.m., the Joint Chiefs of Staff met in Montgomery House, Malta. Present were General of the Army Marshall, Fleet Admiral King, Major General Kuter, Lieutenant General Somervell, Lieutenant General Smith, Rear Admiral Duncan, Rear Admiral McCormick, Major General Bull, Major General Hull, Major General Wood, Major General Anderson, Brigadier General Loutzenheiser, Brigadier General Lindsay, Captain McDill, Colonel Peck, Colonel Dean, Colonel Lincoln.

The minutes show they worked on the agenda for the next American-British Staff Conference, an overall review of cargo shipping and strategy in Northwestern Europe.[1]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c United States Department of State Foreign relations of the United States. Conferences at Malta and Yalta, 1945 Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1945 lxxviii, 1032 p., [11] p. of plates : ill., folded maps (1 col.) : 24 cm.

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