List of Allied World War II conferences
This is a list of World War II conferences of the Allies of World War II. Conference names in boldface indicate the conferences at which the leaders of the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union were all present. For the historical context see Diplomatic history of World War II.
|Location||Dates||Major participants:||Major results|
|U.S.-British Staff Conference
|Washington, D.C.||January 29 – March 27, 1941||American, British, and Canadian military staff||Set the basic planning agreement for the U.S. to enter the war.|
|First Inter-Allied Meeting||London||June 12, 1941||Representatives of Britain, 4 Dominions, Free France and 8 Allied governments in exile||Declaration of St James's Palace.|
|Argentia||August 9 – 12, 1941||Churchill and Roosevelt||Atlantic Charter; proposal for a Soviet aid conference.|
|Second Inter-Allied Meeting||London||September 24, 1941||Eden, Maisky, Cassin, and representatives of 8 Allied governments in exile||Adherence of all the Allies to the Atlantic Charter principles.|
|First Moscow Conference
|Moscow||September 29 – October 1, 1941||Stalin, Harriman, Beaverbrook, Molotov||Allied aid to the Soviet Union.|
|First Washington Conference
|Washington, D.C.||December 22, 1941 – January 14, 1942||Churchill, Roosevelt||Europe first, Declaration by United Nations.|
|Second Washington Conference
|Washington, D.C.||June 20 – 25, 1942||Churchill, Roosevelt||Make first priority opening a second front in North Africa, postpone cross-English Channel invasion.|
|Second Claridge Conference||London||July 20 – 26, 1942||Churchill, Harry Hopkins||Substitute Operation Torch, the invasion of French North Africa, for US reinforcement of the Western Desert campaign.|
|Second Moscow Conference
|Moscow||August 12 – 17, 1942||Churchill, Stalin, Harriman||Discuss reasons for Torch instead of cross-Channel invasion, Anglo-Soviet pact on information and technological exchanges.|
|Cherchell Conference||Cherchell||October 21 – 22, 1942||Clark, Vichy French officers including Mast||A clandestine conference before the Torch landings, in which some Vichy French commanders agreed not to resist the Allied landings in Morocco and Algeria.|
|Casablanca||January 14 – 24, 1943||Churchill, Roosevelt, de Gaulle, Giraud||Plan Italian Campaign, plan cross-Channel invasion in 1944, demand "unconditional surrender" by Axis, encourage unity of French authorities in London and Algiers.|
||Yenice||January 30 – 31, 1943||Churchill, İnönü||Turkey's participation in the war.|
|Third Washington Conference
|Washington, D.C.||May 12 – 25, 1943||Churchill, Roosevelt, Marshall||Plan Italian Campaign, increase air attacks on Germany, increase war in Pacific.|
|Quebec||August 17 – 24, 1943||Churchill, Roosevelt, King||D-Day set for 1944, reorganization of South East Asia Command, secret Quebec Agreement to limit sharing nuclear energy info.|
|Third Moscow Conference||Moscow||October 18 – November 1, 1943||Foreign ministers Hull, Eden, Molotov, Fu; and Stalin||Moscow Declaration.|
|Cairo||November 23 – 26, 1943||Churchill, Roosevelt, Chiang||Cairo Declaration for postwar Asia.|
|Tehran||November 28 – December 1, 1943||Churchill, Roosevelt, Stalin||First meeting of the Big 3, plan the final strategy for the war against Nazi Germany and its allies, set date for Operation Overlord.|
|Second Cairo Conference
||Cairo||December 4 – 6, 1943||Churchill, Roosevelt, İnönü||Agreement to complete Allied air bases in Turkey, postpone Operation Anakim against Japan in Burma.|
|British Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference||London||May 1–16, 1944||Churchill, Curtin, Fraser, King, and Smuts||British Commonwealth leaders support Moscow Declaration and reach agreement regarding their respective roles in the overall Allied war effort.|
|Bretton Woods conference||Bretton Woods||July 1 – 15, 1944||Representatives of 44 nations||Establishes International Monetary Fund and International Bank for Reconstruction and Development.|
|Dumbarton Oaks Conference||Washington, D.C.||August 21 – 29, 1944||Cadogan, Gromyko, Stettinius, and Koo||Agreement to establish the United Nations.|
|Second Quebec Conference
|Quebec||September 12 – 16, 1944||Churchill, Roosevelt||Morgenthau Plan for postwar Germany, other war plans, Hyde Park Agreement.|
|Fourth Moscow Conference
|Moscow||October 9 – 18, 1944||Churchill, Stalin, Molotov, Eden||Establishing post-war spheres of influence in Eastern Europe and Balkan peninsula.|
(ARGONAUT and CRICKET)
|Malta||January 30 – February 2, 1945||Churchill, Roosevelt||Preparation for Yalta.|
(ARGONAUT and MAGNETO)
|Yalta||February 4 – 11, 1945||Churchill, Roosevelt, Stalin||Final plans for defeat of Germany, postwar Europe plans, set date for United Nations Conference, conditions for the Soviet Union's entry in war against Japan.|
|United Nations Conference on International Organization||San Francisco||April 25 – June 26, 1945||Representatives of 50 nations||United Nations Charter.|
|Potsdam||July 17 – August 2, 1945||Stalin, Truman, Attlee, Churchill (in part, until defeat of the Conservative Party)||Potsdam Declaration demanding unconditional surrender of Japan, Potsdam Agreement on policy for Germany.|
In total Churchill attended 16.5 meetings, Roosevelt 12, Stalin 7.
For some of the major wartime conference meetings involving Roosevelt and later Truman, the code names were words which included a numeric prefix corresponding to the ordinal number of the conference in the series of such conferences. The third conference was TRIDENT, the fourth conference was QUADRANT, the sixth conference was SEXTANT, and the eighth conference was OCTAGON. The last wartime conference was code-named TERMINAL.
- "St. James Agreement; June 12, 1941". Avalon Project. Yale Law School. 2008. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
- "The Inter-Allied Council Meeting in London." Bulletin of International News 18, no. 20 (1941): 1275-280. Accessed April 5, 2020. www.jstor.org/stable/25643120.
- "Inter-Allied Council Statement on the Principles of the Atlantic Charter : September 24, 1941". Avalon Project. Yale Law School. 2008. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
- David H. Lippman, WORLD WAR II PLUS 55, World War II Notes, November 8, 1942 (Operation Torch) Archived June 5, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
- What major conferences were held during World War II?, website of the Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library
- United States Army Center of Military History