Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda

Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, formerly Baroda College, is a public university in the city of Vadodara, Gujarat , India. Originally established as a college in 1881, it became a university in 1949 after India's independence. It was later[when?] renamed after its benefactor Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III, the former ruler of Baroda State.

The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda
Motto in English
"Love of beauty, Goodness and Intellectual Curiosity"
(Satyam Shivam Sundaram)
TypeState university
Established1881 (1881)
AccreditationNAAC Accredited With Grade 'A+'
AffiliationUGC, BCI, AICTE
ChancellorShubhangini Raje Gaekwad
Vice-ChancellorVijay Kumar Srivastava
Location, ,

The university offers undergraduate, postgraduate, and doctoral programs. It houses 89 departments spread over 6 campuses (2 rural and 4 urban) covering 2750 acres of land.

History Edit

Statue of Sayajirao Gaekwad III in the university campus.

The university has its origins in the Baroda College, established in 1881 by Baroda State. The main building, which houses the Faculty of Arts, was designed by Robert Fellowes Chisholm in Indo-Saracenic architecture style, in a fusion of Indian and Byzantine arches and domes in brick and polychrome stone. The main dome on the convocation hall was modelled after the great dome of the Gol Gumbaz in Bijapur.

Pratap Singh Gaekwad of Baroda, the last Maharaja of the erstwhile Baroda State, founded the university in 1949 on the wishes of his grandfather, Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III, and settled the Sir Sayajirao Diamond Jubilee and Memorial Trust, which caters to the education and other needs of people of the former Baroda State.[1]

Faculty of Education and Psychology Edit

This faculty is established for the development of teachers of child psychology. Its departments include:

  • Department of Education (CASE)
  • Department of Psychology
  • Department of Educational Administration

The Department of Education was established in 1935, having formerly been a teacher training college. The department was originally named the Center of Advance Study in Education Baroda.

Faculty of Science Edit

The old Baroda College founded in 1881 consisted of Arts and Science faculties. The Faculty of Science started its independent existence in March 1951 with Dr C.S. Patel as its first dean. The Old Building which houses the Faculty of Science was completed in about 1934 in the reign of Sayajirao Gaekwad III. It is conspicuous by its small copper dome and is flanked on the west by the building of Faculty of Education and Psychology and on the east by the majestic building of the Old Baroda College, now the Faculty of Arts.[2]

Department of Mathematics Edit

Department of Physics Edit

The department, established in 1949, offers U.G., P.G., and PhD programme and is a sponsored department of Science and Technology, Government of India under FIST programme. In MSc, students are offered Solid State Physics, Electronics and Communication, Nuclear Physics, and Molecular Spectroscopy as specialization. The department is also equipped by two of the oldest and famous observatories: (i) Astronomical Observatory and (ii) Meteorological observatory.

Researchers are provided with advanced technologies including FTIR-4100 Spectrometer, Thermal Analyser (DSC), AFM, Workstations-4, Cluster Computing facility (Supercomputer), etc. which help them in researching on Condensed Matter Physics, Material Science, Experimental Nuclear Physics, Spectroscopy, Theoretical Particle Physics, and Astrophysics.[3]

It is one of the oldest Physics departments in India, which adopted advanced curricula based on Courses viz, Berkeley Physics Course, Feynman Lecture Series, etc. under the leadership of S.K. Shah and H.S. Desai. Department has an active society, notably 'The Physical Society MSU Baroda'.[4] Department of Condensed Matter Physics has been sponsored for researches in coordination with TIFR and BARC by DST-FIST as a major beneficiary. Department is indulged in a number of active researches with record endowments. The university holds the accolade of having worldwide spread Departmental alumni, including Nobel Laureate cum President, Royal Society, Venkatraman Ramakrishnan.

Dr. Vikram Sarabhai Institute of Cell and Molecular Biology Edit

Dr. Vikram Sarabhai Institute of Cell and Molecular Biology

Established in 2012, Dr. Vikram Sarabhai Institute of Cell and Molecular Biology is an interdisciplinary research institute that integrates several departments of the Faculty of Science. The centre was established with the financial support of the Government of Gujarat. The institute started a 5-year Integrated MSc programme in Cell and Molecular Biology in 2012. The course offers 30 seats each year, which are filled through a common entrance exam.[5]

Department of Computer Applications Edit

Formally established in 2013, the department offers three programmes, Bachelor of Computer Applications (BCA), MSc in Information Technologies and MSc in Software Technologies.[6]

Department of Biochemistry Edit

The Department of Biochemistry was established in 1955, under the Chemistry Department, and was headed by Prof. C.V. Ramakrishnan, father of 2009 Chemistry Nobel Laureate Venkatraman Ramakrishnan). The department has a Center for Nutritional Studies. The department was awarded an Excellent status in 2006 by FIST, a Government of India accreditation agency. It imparts master's degree courses in Biochemistry & Medical Biotechnology with a force of around 50 research students.

The Biochemistry Department offers courses in enzymology, genetics, molecular biology, neuroscience, plant biochemistry, endocrinology, clinical biochemistry among others. The department conducts research in areas including bacterial cooperation, polyketide synthase clusture, antibiotic resistance, Apoptosis, phosphate solubilisation, nitrogen fixation, probiotics, heavy metal toxicity, diabetes, prostate cancer, female infertility, endophytes, magnetoliposomes, protein folding, and vitiligo.

The department was funded under the DST-FIST I programme under which it has the most worst equipment that has been purchased and infrastructure facilities strengthened. The department has received support from UGC-DRS, UGC-DSA, and COSIST programs.

The department has a strong base in Microbial technology and the main focus of the program is on Genetics, Molecular Biology, Industrial Microbiology, Immunology, and other areas allied to Microbiology and Biotechnology. Basic training is given in Microbiology, Biochemistry, Genetics, Developmental Biology, Genetic Engineering, Biochemical Engineering, and some aspects of Biophysics, Biostatistics, Environmental Biology.

The areas of research in which the department is engaged are:

  • Molecular Biology and Genetic Engineering
  • Microbiology
  • Bioprocess Engineering
  • Immunology, Biophysics

Courses offered:[7]

– Doctoral program – Master of Science in biochemistry (MSc, 20 regular, 5 high payment seats) – Master of Science in medical biotechnology (MSc, High payment course, 10 seats) – Postgraduate diploma in applied biochemistry (PGDAB, 20 seats)

Faculty of Performing Arts Edit

Faculty of Performing Arts building

Classical music Edit

Maharaja Sayajirao Rao Gaekwad was a patron of Indian classical music. ustad Moula Bux founded the Academy of Indian Music under the patronage of Sayajirao, on 26 February 1886. This academy later became the Music College and is now the Faculty of Performing Arts of The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda. Apart from Moula Bux, Sayajirao's Court boasted of artists like Ustad Inayat Khan and legendary Agra Gharana Aftaab e Mousiqui (Sun of Music) Ustad Faiyyaz Khansaheb

After educationist Vishnu Narayan Bhatkhande's music curriculum was introduced at the college, Gayanacharya Madhusudan Joshi became the first recipient of a diploma in Music (1932) in the history of music education in India.

Dance Edit

The MSU started the first dance programme in India in 1950.

In 1880, the Maharani Chimnabai I of Tanjore was married to Baroda's Maharaja Sayajirao III Gopalrao Gaekwad, a prince who established the Baroda College as one of his first public acts. It was later absorbed into the university that bears his name. Chimnabai I was knowledgeable in Bharatanatyam and Carnatic music and brought a troupe with her: two dancers, two nattuvanars (leaders of Bharatanatyam concerts), and two teachers.[8] Others followed: Nattuvanar Appaswamy and his dancer wife Kantimati, who had studied with Kannusamy and Vadively, two members of the Tanjore Quartet. After Appaswamy's death in 1939, Kantimati and their son, Kubernath, left to teach in Lucknow and worked in film in South India until Maharaja Pratap Singhrao Gaekwad called the Tanjorkars family back to Baroda in 1949, to teach in the music department in the Palace Kalavan which was later absorbed into MSU.[9]

Faculty of Arts Edit

Faculty of Arts Dome, designed by Robert Fellowes Chisholm (1840–1915) in Indo-Saracenic style, modelled on Gol Gumbaz[10]

The Faculty of Arts building is known for its Gumbaz (The Dome) which has been modelled on the 'Gol Gumbaz' of Bijapur and has often been rated as the finest dome for Educational Institutions in India.[11][12]

Departments Edit

  • Department of Archaeology and Ancient History
  • Department of Anthropology
  • Department of Arabic
  • Department of Canadian Studies
  • Department of Economics
  • Department of English (The oldest in Gujarat)
  • Department of French
  • Department of Geography
  • Department of German
  • Department of Gujarati
  • Department of Hindi
  • Department of History
  • Department of International Relation
  • Department of Journalism & Communication
  • Department of Library & Information Science
  • Department of Linguistics
  • Department of Marathi
  • Department of Persian
  • Department of Philosophy
  • Department of Political Science
  • Department of Pali
  • Department of Prakrit
  • Department of Russian
  • Department of Sanskrit
  • Department of Sindhi
  • Department of Sociology
  • Department of Traditional Sanskrit Studies
  • Department of Urdu
  • Department of Management Studies
  • Department of Education and Psychology

Faculty of Management Studies Edit

Popularly known as FMS Baroda, was established in 1984 in the city of Vadodara.[13] The courses are approved by All India Council for Technical Education.[14] The institute offers the specialization in Marketing, Finance, Human Resource Management and Information Systems.[15] During 1995, it increased its intake from 30 to 40 for 2-year full-time (regular) MBA, and in 1997 introduced a 3-Year MBA Evening Programme.[15][16]

Faculty of Medicine Edit

The Baroda Medical College serves as the Faculty of Medicine. Attached with the Sir Sayajirao General (SSG) Hospital, Faculty of Medicine is considered amongst the top Medical Colleges of Gujarat. Started in 1949,today it has a batch of 250 MBBS Students per year and more than 400+ Post graduate students in various MD & MS Residency programmes. GMERS Medical College & Hospital, Gotri has also been given affiliation of Faculty of Medicine, MSUB

Faculty of Pharmacy Edit

The Faculty of Pharmacy was established in 2015. Prior to that, it was a department under the Faculty of Technology and Engineering.[17] The faculty was ranked 14 in India by the National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) pharmacy ranking in 2020.[18] Prof M R Yadav is the founder dean of Faculty of Pharmacy.

Library Edit

The Hansa Mehta Library was established in 1950.

Oriental Institute Edit

The institute was established in Baroda on 1 September 1927. It operated from the Central Library before it was shifted to a separate building near the palace.[19] It is known for the seven volumes of the critical edition of Ramayana that it published between 1951 and 1975, a part of a 25-year project sponsored by the University Grants Commission (UGC). The text was later the reference source for Ramayan, the popular TV series by Ramanand Sagar that originally ran in 1987–88.

One of the oldest manuscripts preserved at the institute is Ayodhya Mahatmya, written by Harishankar in 1656 AD, part of the collection of over 10,000 manuscripts of Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III, who first conceptualized the institute in 1893, inspired by the opening of the Oriental Research Institute Mysore in 1891, established by then Maharaja of Mysore Chamaraja Wodeyar, and a close friend.[20] A road was named after as Chamaraja Road in Vadodara and Sayajirao Road in Mysore to emmark the friendship between Maharaja Sayajirao Gaekwad III and Chamaraja Wodeyar. Chamaraja Road starts from Eastern gate of Lakshmi Vilas Palace and has the prominent landmarks like Kirti Stambh, Khanderao Market and others before terminating near Bhagat Singh Chowk.[21][22][23]

The Oriental Institute organizes seminars and conferences for research in Oriental studies.

Rankings Edit

University rankings
General – international
QS (Asia) (2023)[24]701–750
Times (Asia) (2022)[25]501+
Times (Emerging) (2022)[26]501+
Pharmacy – India
NIRF (2020)[18]14

Internationally, the university was ranked 701–750 in Asia on the QS World University Rankings of 2023.[24] It was ranked 501+ in Asia by the Times Higher Education World University Rankings of 2022[25] and in the same band among emerging economies.[26]

Student life Edit

The university offers NCC and NSS on campus.

Sayaji FM Edit

Sayaji FM is the online radio station of The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda.[27] In June 2015, it was started by Yogesh Jangir, a former student of the university.[citation needed]

Notable people Edit

Notable alumni Edit

Faculty Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ "Founder of MSU". Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda website. Archived from the original on 9 July 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2010.
  2. ^ "FACULTY OF SCIENCE | MSU Baroda". Archived from the original on 31 March 2018. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  3. ^ "Physics Department".
  4. ^ "Venkatraman Ramakrishnan – Biographical". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  5. ^ "FACULTY OF SCIENCE | Dr. Vikram Sarabhai Institute of Cell and Molecular Biology | MSU Baroda". Archived from the original on 8 October 2017. Retrieved 8 October 2017.
  6. ^ "FACULTY OF SCIENCE | Department of Computer Applications | MSU Baroda". Retrieved 9 September 2017.
  7. ^ "FACULTY OF SCIENCE | Department of Bio-Chemistry | MSU Baroda". Archived from the original on 23 January 2019. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  8. ^ Khandwani 2002
  9. ^ Gastonn 1996: 158–160.
  10. ^ "Vishal Sikka, the son of a railway employee, has BE in Computer Science from Maharaja Sayajirao University". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
  11. ^ "138-year-old landmark: Baroda dome beats Gol Gumbaz in aesthetics". The Times of India. 4 March 2019. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  12. ^ "Termites hit century-old Arts, Technology faculty buildings in MSU, Baroda". The Indian Express. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  13. ^ "FMS-Baroda website". Archived from the original on 10 August 2009. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  14. ^ "AICTE approved MBA colleges of Gujarat".[permanent dead link]
  15. ^ a b "M.S. Patel Institute of Management Studies, Faculty of Management Studies (FMS), The M.S. University of Baroda, Vadodara". Archived from the original on 7 May 2009. Retrieved 11 August 2008.
  16. ^ "FMS-Baroda B-School profile". Archived from the original on 12 August 2009. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  17. ^ "Faculty of Pharmacy". Retrieved 5 April 2018.
  18. ^ a b "National Institutional Ranking Framework 2020 (Pharmacy)". National Institutional Ranking Framework. Ministry of Education. 11 June 2020.
  19. ^ "A bit of Baroda in Mysore: Road in Sayajirao's name main market". The Times of India. 28 December 2009. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012.
  20. ^ "Oriental Institute's journey to glory". The Times of India. 6 October 2010. Archived from the original on 3 November 2012.
  21. ^ "Rajmahal Road to be renamed Chamaraja Road | Vadodara News". The Times of India. TNN. 20 April 2017. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  22. ^ Prashant Rupera (28 December 2009). "A bit of Baroda in Mysore: Road in Sayajirao's name main market | Vadodara News". The Times of India. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  23. ^ Sachin Sharma (13 May 2015). "Memory of Sayajis friend erased from citys face | Vadodara News". The Times of India. Retrieved 28 February 2022.
  24. ^ a b "QS Asia University Rankings 2023". QS Quacquarelli Symonds Limited. 8 November 2022.
  25. ^ a b "Asia University Rankings 2022". Times Higher Education. 2022.
  26. ^ a b "Emerging Economies University Rankings 2022". Times Higher Education. 2022.
  27. ^ "Vadodara: With space on campus and dedicated interns, MSU's official Sayaji FM targets more audience". The Indian Express. 8 June 2016.
  28. ^ "Nandita Kumar". Galerie Felix Frachon (in French). Retrieved 19 August 2022.
  29. ^ "Renowned ceramic artist Jyotsna Bhatt passed away". The Indian Express. 11 July 2020. Retrieved 12 July 2020.

External links Edit

  Media related to Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda at Wikimedia Commons

22°18′36″N 73°11′10″E / 22.3099°N 73.1860°E / 22.3099; 73.1860