The Omani territory of Madha (Arabic: مَدْحَاء‎, romanizedmadḥāʾ) or Wādī Madḥāʾ (Arabic: وَادِي مَدْحَاء‎) is an exclave of the Musandam Governorate, enclaved by the United Arab Emirates (UAE); inside it, there is a second-order enclave: Nahwa, which is part of the UAE Emirate of Sharjah. Madha is located halfway between the Musandam Peninsula and the rest of Oman.

Madha

مَدْحَاء
Madha
Flag of Madha
Flag
Madha is located in Oman
Madha
Madha
Location in Oman
Coordinates: 25°17′4″N 56°19′59″E / 25.28444°N 56.33306°E / 25.28444; 56.33306
Country Oman
Government
 • SultanHaitham bin Tariq Al Said
 • GovernorSayyid Ibrahim bin Said al Busaidy[1]
 • Wāli?
Elevation
41 m (137 ft)
Time zoneUTC+4 (GST)
Location of Madha town in Madha enclave on the Eastern coast of the UAE.

The exclave is on the FujairahKhor Fakkan road, which is mostly in the Emirate of Sharjah, and covers approximately 75 km2 (29 sq mi). There are two exits to Madha on the Fujairah–Khorfakkan road. This territory is the only territory between UAE and Oman which is not lined with any barrier and there is no border crossing between Madha, Nahwa, or the UAE.[2]

HistoryEdit

At the start of the nineteenth century, Madha belonged to the Qawasim of Ras Al Khaimah but the Shihuh of Dibba Bai'ah took it by force some time between 1869 and 1900. From that point, they had been aligned with the Shihuh from Dibba Bai'ah and their leader Muhammad bin Salih. The Madhanis however determined that there was no point of staying with him and they needed a stronger government.[3]

In the late 1930s or early 1940s the leaders of the four rival clans who ruled the Musandam Peninsula (Al Qassimi of Ras Al Khaimah, Al Qassimi of Sharjah, Al Sharqi of Fujairah, and the Bu Said of Oman) gathered a group of village elders of Madha and posed a question on to which sheikhdom the Madhanis want to pose allegiance to.[3] While all the other villages and towns around them (including the village of Nahwa that is within Madha) aligned themselves to the ruling families of Sharjah, Fujairah and Ras Al Khaimah, the Madhanis were swayed by the local representative, or wali, of the sultan of Oman Hamad bin Saif Al bu Sa'idi. The Madhanis chose Oman in the 1930s based on the firm belief that Oman was wealthier, had a stronger government, and would be better placed to protect the village's water supply. The boundary was settled in 1969 and Madha residents' decision to align with Oman made them an exclave of the Sultanate of Oman.[3]

Madha is mostly empty, with the developed portion, called "New Madha", containing roads, a school, post office, an 'Eid ground, police station, an Omani bank, electricity and water supply, and an airstrip. There is also a Royal Oman Police patrol.[citation needed]

The population is less than 3,000.[4]

In 2014, it was announced that a museum would be built to house the collection of local historian Mohammed bin Salem al Mad’hani.[5]

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Madha
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24.6
(76.3)
24.6
(76.3)
27.8
(82.0)
32.8
(91.0)
36.7
(98.1)
37.9
(100.2)
38.5
(101.3)
37.7
(99.9)
36.6
(97.9)
33.9
(93.0)
29.9
(85.8)
26.1
(79.0)
32.3
(90.1)
Average low °C (°F) 13.6
(56.5)
14.1
(57.4)
17.2
(63.0)
20.7
(69.3)
24.4
(75.9)
26.6
(79.9)
28.6
(83.5)
28.3
(82.9)
25.9
(78.6)
22.1
(71.8)
17.8
(64.0)
15.2
(59.4)
21.2
(70.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 14
(0.6)
36
(1.4)
29
(1.1)
9
(0.4)
2
(0.1)
0
(0)
1
(0.0)
0
(0)
1
(0.0)
1
(0.0)
7
(0.3)
15
(0.6)
115
(4.5)
Source: Climate-data.org

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Prince William begins Oman visit in Musandam". Oman Observer. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  2. ^ Madha
  3. ^ a b c "Madha village's pledge of allegiance changed the map forever". The National. Retrieved 2018-01-05.
  4. ^ Vaidya, Sunil K. (9 May 2009). "Tremors cause panic in Madha village in Oman". Gulf News. Retrieved 10 May 2013.
  5. ^ HAQUE, FAIZUL (11 Aug 2014). "Madha Museum Drive in Oman Collects OMR300,000". Times of Oman. Archived from the original on 22 June 2015. Retrieved 22 June 2014.

External linksEdit

  Madha travel guide from Wikivoyage