Sultan Madar Hersi Deria (Somali: Madar Xirsi Diiriye) was a Somali ruler and the 7th Sultan of the Habr Yunis Sultanate.[1][2]

Sultan Madar Hersi
سلطان مَدَرْ حِرْسِيْ
7th Sultan of the Habr Yunis Sultanate
Reign1890-1938
PredecessorAwad Deria
SuccessorAli Madar
Born1876
Died1938
DynastyAinanshe
ReligionSunni Islam

OverviewEdit

Madar was a son of Hersi Deria (not to be confused with Hersi Aman) and grandson of Sultan Deria Sugulleh Ainashe and thus belonged to the Baha Deria section of the Rer Sugulle.[3] H.G Haggenmacher met Madar's father in 1873 and described him as the chief of the Habr Yunis and witnessed him leading an expedition against a neighbouring tribe.

Haggenmacher briefly describing the battle, writes :

In the meantime, the battle between the two Gabilas had reached an unbelievable extent. The news of the approaching forces spread like wildfire to the scattered settlements of the enemy, who, instead of fighting back, placed their armies at secure places and then attacked the powerful opponents with a united force; But Hersi Sultan had taken care to prevent any late attack by occupying the few wells and watering places of the enemy with strong detachments of troops, forcing them to offer peace to the victor and to provide hostages for safety[4]

Civil WarEdit

Before Madar's ascension to the throne the Bah Makahil and Baha Deria were engaged in a lengthy war over the sultanate. Sultan Nur Ahmed Aman and Sultan Awad Deria each claiming to be the rightful ruler led opposing factions of the Habr Yunis.[5] [6] Awad would later die in a raid in 1890 and the Baha Deria chose Madar as his successor. [7] His coronation led to new tensions as the Bah Makahil still claimed Nur as the rightful ruler. According to Drake Brockman the Habr Yunis decided to end the dispute with a throwing of lots and whoever won would be Sultan of the Habr Yunis, Nur won and was declared Sultan . But Madar and his followers would not recognize Nur and so Madar established himself at Burao. According to Percy V. Alymer who visited Burao in 1898 Madar was the ruling Sultan of the District. [8]In early 1899 the Tariqa at Kob Fardod which Mohammed Abfallah Hassan was head of was raided and had their camels looted, Madar apprehending the raiders and returning the stolen Camels to led to the Mullah and the Tariqa pledging allegiance to Madar and espousing his cause. This was during a time that Nur and the Tariqa had fallen out as a result of Nur raiding the Habr Je'lo. [9] Madar would eventually cut ties with the Tariqa and ally himself with the Qadiriya. After Nur starts the Dervish rebellion a faction of the Bah Makahil would crown the son of Hersi Aman, Jama as Sultan. However Jama's reign was shortlived leaving Madar unchallenged. In 1936 clan chief Ali Yusuf Kenadid sent a letter to Madar desperately seeking an alliance with him but was rebuffed[10] Madar's son Ali would later on become Sultan and his grandson Osman is currently one of the main Habr Yunis Sultans. Osman was fundamental to the peace process of the 90s that put an end to the Somaliland civil war. [11]

Preceded by Habr Yunis Sultanate Succeeded by

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The Collapse of the Somali State The Impact of the Colonial Legacy, Issa Salwe pp.14
  2. ^ Somaliland; being an account of two expeditions into the far interior, Charles Alexander Peele, pp.174
  3. ^ Genealogies of the Somal. Eyre and Spottiswoode (London). 1896.
  4. ^ G. A. Haggenmacher's Reise Im Somali-Lande, 1874: Mit Einer Originalkarte by G.A.
  5. ^ Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society and Monthly Record of Geography 1885, Volume 7, p.627
  6. ^ Outing: Sport, Adventure, Travel, Fiction. volume 39. 1902. The title of the article is: Hartbeest Hunting on Toyo Plain. By D. G. Elliot.
  7. ^ The Journal of The anthropological institute of Great Britain and Ireland| Vol.21 p. 161
  8. ^ The Geographical Journal - Including the Proceedings of The Royal Geographical Society, Vol. XI, 1898. pp.40
  9. ^ Das Staatsarchiv, Volume 65, p. 3
  10. ^ Dalla tribù allo Stato nella Somalia nord-orientale: il caso sei Sultanati di Hobiyo e Majeerteen, 1880-1930, Federico Battera
  11. ^ Jane's Intelligence Digest The Global Early-warning Service