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Machetá is a municipality and town of Colombia in Almeidas Province of the department of Cundinamarca. Machetá is situated on the Altiplano Cundiboyacense at 82.6 kilometres (51.3 mi) from the capital Bogotá and 74.3 kilometres (46.2 mi) from Tunja. It borders Tibiritá and Manta in the east, Chocontá and Sesquilé in the west and Guatavita and Gachetá in the south.[1]

Machetá
Municipality and town
View of Machetá
View of Machetá
Flag of Machetá
Flag
Official seal of Machetá
Seal
Location of the municipality and town inside Cundinamarca Department of Colombia
Location of the municipality and town inside Cundinamarca Department of Colombia
Machetá is located in Colombia
Machetá
Machetá
Location in Colombia
Coordinates: 5°4′48.78″N 73°36′26.91″W / 5.0802167°N 73.6074750°W / 5.0802167; -73.6074750Coordinates: 5°4′48.78″N 73°36′26.91″W / 5.0802167°N 73.6074750°W / 5.0802167; -73.6074750
Country  Colombia
Department Cundinamarca
Province Almeidas Province
Founded 1593
Founded by Miguel de Ibarra
Government
 • Mayor Rafael Mauricio Forero Briceño
(2016-2019)
Area
 • Municipality and town 229.35 km2 (88.55 sq mi)
 • Urban 5.35 km2 (2.07 sq mi)
Elevation 2,094 m (6,870 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Municipality and town 6,316
 • Density 28/km2 (71/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,498
Time zone Colombia Standard Time (UTC-5)
Website Official website

Contents

EtymologyEdit

In the Chibcha language of the Muisca, Machetá means "Your honourable farmfields".[1][2]

HistoryEdit

Machetá in the times before the Spanish conquest was inhabited by the Muisca, organized in their Muisca Confederation. Machetá was ruled by the zaque based in Hunza, currently known as the capital of Boyacá Department Tunja.

Modern Machetá was founded in 1593 by Miguel de Ibarra after a soldier of the army of Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada first established the town in 1540.[2]

EconomyEdit

Main economical activity of Machetá is agriculture with products as papa criolla, arracacha, peas and tomatoes.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c (in Spanish) Official website Machetá
  2. ^ a b (in Spanish) Espejo Olaya, Maria Bernarda (1999) Notas sobre toponimia en algunas coplas colombianas Thesaurus. Tomo LIV, Núm. 3. page 1120.