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The MacBook is a brand of Macintosh laptop computers by Apple Inc. that merged the PowerBook and iBook lines during Apple's transition to Intel processors. The current lineup consists of the MacBook (2015–present), the MacBook Air (2008–present), and the MacBook Pro (2006–present). A different MacBook line existed from 2006 to 2012.



The MacBook family were initially housed in designs similar to the iBook and PowerBook lines which preceded them, now making use of a unibody aluminum construction first introduced with the MacBook Air. This new construction also has a black plastic keyboard that was first used on the MacBook Air, which itself was inspired by the sunken keyboard of the original polycarbonate MacBooks. The now standardized keyboard brings congruity to the MacBook line, with black keys on a metallic aluminum body.

The lids of the MacBook family are held closed by a magnet with no mechanical latch, a design element first introduced with the polycarbonate MacBook. Memory, drives, and batteries were accessible in the old MacBook lineup, though the newest compact lineup solders or glues all such components in place. All of the current MacBooks feature backlit keyboards.

The MacBook was discontinued until March 2015, when a new model featuring an ultraportable design and an all-metal enclosure was introduced.

Current MacBook family modelsEdit


12-inch Apple MacBook

The MacBook features many firsts from Apple, using a butterfly mechanism keyboard, the Force Touch trackpad, and a USB Type-C port.[1] This lack of Type-A USB ports ubiquitous among modern PCs means it requires a physical adapter to attach almost any 3rd-party peripheral on release. The ports consist of one USB Type-C, able to charge the MacBook, and a headphone/microphone jack compatible with inline remote control. Adapters are available for USB, mDP, HDMI, and VGA.[2] This Apple laptop is also the first in 17 years since the "Wallstreet" PowerBook G3 to lack a translucent illuminated Apple logo on the back of its lid, instead having a polished metal logo.

MacBook AirEdit

The MacBook Air is Apple's least expensive notebook computer.[3] The 2017 base model comes with a 13-inch screen, and was Apple's thinnest notebook computer until the introduction of the MacBook in March 2015. This MacBook Air model features two USB Type-A 3.0 ports and a Thunderbolt 2 port. This model of MacBook Air does not have a Retina Display. A MacBook Air model with an 11-inch screen was available from October 2010 to October 2016. In 2017, the MacBook Air received a small refresh, with the processor speed increased to 1.8 GHz.

On October 30, 2018, the MacBook Air underwent a major design change, dropping the USB Type-A ports, MagSafe, and the SD card slot in favor of two USB-C/Thunderbolt 3 ports and a headphone jack. It was updated with a Retina display and Intel Y-series Amber Lake i5 CPUs, as well as a Force Touch trackpad, a third generation butterfly mechanism keyboard, and the Touch ID sensor found in the fourth generation MacBook Pro, but without the Touch Bar. The base price was also raised, although the base configuration of the 2017 model was retained.[4]

MacBook ProEdit

The MacBook Pro is Apple's higher end laptop available in both 13-inch and 15-inch configurations. A redesigned MacBook Pro was introduced on October 27, 2016, which is thinner and lighter than the previous generation MacBook Pro. Both size models feature a touch-sensitive OLED display strip located in place of the function keys, a Touch ID sensor integrated with the power button, a butterfly mechanism keyboard similar to the MacBook, and four USB-C ports that also serve as Thunderbolt 3 ports. The 13-inch model is also available in a less expensive configuration with conventional function keys and only two USB-C/Thunderbolt 3 ports.[5]


Model Processor Memory FSB Storage Graphics VRAM Display resolution MSRP
1.6 GHz (Dual Core) Core i5 GB 1600 MHz GT/s 128 GB SSD Intel HD Graphics 6000 1.5 GB shared 1440 × 900 $999 (USD) / $1199 (CAD) / £949 (GBP) / 1099€ (EUR) / $1249 (AUD)
1.1 GHz (Dual Core) Core M 8 GB 1866 MHz 256 GB SSD Intel HD Graphics 515 2304 × 1440
(Retina Display)
$1299 (USD) / $1649 (CAD) / £1249 (GBP) / 1449€ (EUR) / $1999 (AUD)
1.2 GHz (Dual Core) Core M 512 GB SSD $1599 (USD) / $1999 (CAD) / £1549 (GBP) / 1799€ (EUR) / $2449 (AUD)
2.0 GHz (Dual Core) Core i5 n/a 256 GB SSD Intel Iris Graphics 540 n/a[citation needed] 2560 × 1600
(Retina Display)
$1499 (USD) / $1899 (CAD) / £1449 (GBP) / 1699€ (EUR) / $2199 (AUD)
2.9 GHz (Dual Core) Core i5 8 GB 2133 MHz Intel Iris Graphics 550 $1899 (USD) / $2299 (CAD) / £1749 (GBP) / 1999€ (EUR) / $2699 (AUD)
2.6 GHz (Quad Core) Core i7 16 GB 2133 MHz Intel HD Graphics 530 &
AMD Radeon Pro 450
2 GB 2880 × 1800
(Retina Display)
$2399 (USD) / $2999 (CAD) / £2349 (GBP) / 2699€ (EUR) / $3599 (AUD)
2.7 GHz (Quad Core) Core i7 512 GB SSD Intel HD Graphics 530 &
AMD Radeon Pro 455
$2799 (USD) / $3499 (CAD) / £2699 (GBP) / 3199€ (EUR) / $4249 (AUD)
2.7 GHz (Dual Core) Core i5 8 GB 1866 MHz 5 GT/s 128 GB SSD Intel Iris Graphics 6100 1.5 GB shared 2560 × 1600
(Retina Display)
$1299 (USD) / $1549 (CAD) / £1249 (GBP) / 1449€ (EUR) / $1999 (AUD)
2.2 GHz (Quad Core) Core i7 16 GB 1600 MHz 256 GB SSD Intel Iris Pro Graphics 2880 × 1800
(Retina Display)
$1999 (USD) / $2449 (CAD) / £1899 (GBP) / 2249€ (EUR) / $2999 (AUD)

Timeline of the MacBook family



See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "MacBook". Apple. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
  2. ^ "MacBook – Design". Apple. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
  3. ^ "MacBook Air". Apple. Retrieved March 10, 2015.
  4. ^ "Apple MacBook Air 2018 gets Retina display, Touch ID for $1,199, available Nov. 7". CNET. 2018-10-30. Retrieved 2018-11-15.
  5. ^ "MacBook Pro". Apple. Retrieved October 27, 2016.
  6. ^ "MacBook Air". Retrieved October 27, 2016.
  7. ^ a b "MacBook". Retrieved October 27, 2016.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "MacBook Pro". Retrieved October 27, 2016.