Mabaruma is the administrative centre for Region One (Barima-Waini) of Guyana.[2] It is located close to the Aruka River (the Venezuelan border) on a narrow plateau above the surrounding rainforest at an elevation of 13 metres.

Mabaruma
town and regional capital
Mabaruma Guyana Almond Beach House.JPG
Mabaruma is located in Guyana
Mabaruma
Mabaruma
Location in Guyana
Coordinates: 8°12′0″N 59°47′0″W / 8.20000°N 59.78333°W / 8.20000; -59.78333Coordinates: 8°12′0″N 59°47′0″W / 8.20000°N 59.78333°W / 8.20000; -59.78333
CountryFlag of Guyana.svg Guyana
RegionBarima-Waini
Elevation
43 ft (13 m)
Population
 (2012)[1]
 • Total1,254

HistoryEdit

Mabaruma was once a large estate owned by the Broomes family. Cocoa was one of the products manufactured before the Government of Guyana bought part of the land to build Governmental Institutions. Mainly Amerindians live in this area. Some of the tribes include Arawaks, Caribs and Warao. Mabaruma also has a large Afro-Guyanese population with small East Indian, Chinese and Portuguese communities.[1]

It replaced Morawhanna as the regional capital[3] after the former was deemed at risk from flooding.[4] Mabaruma became a town in 2016 with the surrounding villages of Hosororo and Kumaka joining.[5]

OverviewEdit

There is a government guest house in the town as well as the Mabaruma Post Office, Mabaruma Hospital, and a police station where court cases are tried.[6] Because of its size however, only petty crimes are tried.

Mabaruma contains the region's first secondary school, North West Secondary School, established in 1965.[7] Most local people either do farming or fishing work for a living.

ClimateEdit

Mabaruma has a tropical rainforest climate (Af) with heavy to very heavy rainfall year-round.

Climate data for Mabaruma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.9
(84.0)
29.3
(84.7)
29.7
(85.5)
30.3
(86.5)
30.0
(86.0)
29.3
(84.7)
29.6
(85.3)
30.5
(86.9)
31.1
(88.0)
31.2
(88.2)
30.4
(86.7)
29.7
(85.5)
30.0
(86.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.2
(77.4)
25.5
(77.9)
25.8
(78.4)
26.4
(79.5)
26.5
(79.7)
26.1
(79.0)
26.0
(78.8)
26.5
(79.7)
26.9
(80.4)
27.0
(80.6)
26.4
(79.5)
26.0
(78.8)
26.2
(79.1)
Average low °C (°F) 21.6
(70.9)
21.7
(71.1)
22.0
(71.6)
22.6
(72.7)
23.0
(73.4)
22.9
(73.2)
22.5
(72.5)
22.6
(72.7)
22.7
(72.9)
22.8
(73.0)
22.5
(72.5)
22.4
(72.3)
22.4
(72.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 222
(8.7)
112
(4.4)
108
(4.3)
149
(5.9)
293
(11.5)
394
(15.5)
331
(13.0)
269
(10.6)
189
(7.4)
193
(7.6)
251
(9.9)
328
(12.9)
2,839
(111.7)
Source: Climate-Data.org[8]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "2012 Population by Village". Statistics Guyana. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ "Capital towns and economic development". Ministry of Communities.
  3. ^ "Morawhanna". Stabroek News. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
  4. ^ "Gov't re-establishes Mabaruma-Morawhanna road link". Guyana Chronicle. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
  5. ^ "The development of towns goes beyond mere speeches and promises". Stabroek News. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
  6. ^ "Mabaruma". Stabroek news. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
  7. ^ "TOURISM: A MAGICAL JOURNEY THROUGH GUYANA – Barima-Waini Region #1". Guyanese Online. Retrieved 22 August 2020.
  8. ^ "Climate: Mabaruma". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved August 13, 2020.