M.S. Gopalakrishnan, a.k.a. MSG, (10 June 1931 – 3 January 2013) was a violinist in the field of Carnatic music. He is commonly grouped with Lalgudi Jayaraman and T.N.Krishnan as part of the violin-trinity of Carnatic Music. He was awarded the Madras Music Academy's Sangeetha Kalanidhi in 1997. He was a recipient of the Padma Bhushan, Padma Shri, Kalaimamani, Sangeetha Kalanidhi and Sangeet Natak Akademi awards.
Mylapore Sundaram Gopalakrishnan
10 June 1931
|Died||3 January 2013(aged 81)|
|Children||Narmadha, Latha, Suresh|
Life and careerEdit
Gopalakrishnan was born in Mylapore, Chennai, India, and was taught violin by his father, Parur Sundaram Iyer, who was well versed in both Carnatic and Hindustani systems of Indian classical music. He learned both systems from his father, with whom he gave his first performance when he was 8 years old. He also drew great inspiration from the legendary violinist Sri Dwaram Venkataswamy Naidu.
He has played the violin for over fifty years as a soloist and accompanist, having accompanied Omkarnath Thakur and D. V. Paluskar, and has toured Australia, the US, the UK, the Netherlands, South Africa, Malaysia, and Hong Kong.
His daughter, Dr M. Narmadha, is also a violinist. His elder brother M S Anantaraman (1924-2018) was a well-known violinist. The family's violin playing style, known as Parur Bani, is being kept alive by the third generation, by children of Anantaraman and MSG himself. 
Gopalakrishnan had researched playing technique, and developed particular fingering and bowing disciplines of the "Parur style" to produce a clarity of sound and speed of delivery. His style includes one-finger playing and a thematic development on single-string octaves.[clarification needed]
Violinist Yehudi Menuhin said of a Gopalakrishnan's playing: "I have not heard such violin in all my travels! How superbly this young Indian is playing our instrument". Shri Gopalakrishnan said when he was receiving his Sangita Kalanidhi award from the Music Academy of Madras "My practice is the only secret of my success and then the other secret is my father. The practice that I was used to was nearly 15–16 hours a day and that was a very tough one where I used to jump suddenly from Carnatic to Hindustani styles while playing. Anything, any award I receive is just the fruit of my practice".
- 1960 Violin Vadhya Samrat — Bombay Sivananda Ashram, India.
- 1975 Padmashri – Government of India
- 1976 Violin Vadhya Chakravarthy — New York, U.S.A.
- 1978 Kalaimamani – Govt. of Tamil Nadu, India.
- 1979 Kerala Sangeetha Nataka Academy Award, India.
- 1980 T.Chowdiah award — Karnataka, India.
- 1982 Sangeet Natak Akademi Award, India.
- 1997 Sapathagiri Sangeetha Vidwanmani — Thirupathi Devasthanam, India.
- 1998 Sangeetha Kalanidhi – Madras Music Academy, Chennai, India.
- 2012 Padma Bhushan – Government of India
- 2012 Sangeetha Kalasikhamani – The Indian Fine Arts Society, Chennai.
- 2012 Sangeet Natak Akademi Tagore Ratna.
- "Violin maestro M.S. Gopalakrishnan dies at 82. His daughter works with an IT company". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 13 January 2013. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
- thehindu.com: 10 Nov. 2009.. Retrieved 1 March 2011
- "Padma awardees say they feel honoured". The Hindu. 26 January 2012. Retrieved 26 January 2012.