Line C (Ligne C) of the Lyon Metro is the modern incarnation of the Funiculaire Croix-Rousse - Croix-Paquet (Croix-Rousse - Croix-Paquet Funicular), an old cable-hauled railway operating on part of the current alignment.
|Native name||Ligne C|
|Rolling stock||MCL 80|
|Opened||1891 and 1974|
|Line length||2.4 km (1.5 mi)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
|Electrification||750 V DC overhead line|
|Average inter-station distance||625 m (2,051 ft)|
In 1891, the original funicular line was opened, running between its namesake stations. After surviving the closure of the nearby funiculaire Rue Terme - Croix-Rousse in 1967, this line closed in 1972 for refurbishment and conversion to rack railway technology, reopening for service in 1974 (four years before lines A and B opened). When it was integrated with the metro as Lyon Metro Line C in 1978, the line's southern end was extended from Croix-Paquet to Hôtel-de-Ville (City Hall), also equipped with rack rail. A further extension of Line C opened on December 8, 1984, when its northern end was extended from Croix-Rousse to Cuire as an adhesion railway (no rack).
The line now serves five stations, and is 2.4 kilometres (1.5 mi) long. It was constructed using various methods: the original route used by the former funicular line runs up a steep incline rising from a deep tunnel to an exposed trench, the newly built level segment at Croix-Rousse using cut-and-cover, and the latest section beyond Hénon running on the surface. Croix Paquet station claims to be the steepest metro station in the world, with an incline of 17%. The repurposed alignment of the original funicular from Croix-Paquet to Croix-Rousse is among the world's oldest structures currently used by metro trains, having first opened in 1891.
List of the stationsEdit
- Hôtel de Ville - Louis Pradel
- December 9, 1974: Croix-Paquet—Croix-Rousse
- May 2, 1978: Hôtel de Ville - Louis Pradel—Croix-Rousse
- December 10, 1984: Hôtel de Ville - Louis Pradel—Cuire