Transports en commun lyonnais

The Transports en commun lyonnais (French pronunciation: [tʁɑ̃spɔʁ ɑ̃ kɔmœ̃ ljɔnɛ], "Lyon public transport" in French; usually referred to as TCL) is the Lyon public transport agency. It is the second largest public transport system in France (after Paris), and covers 72 communes, including all 58 communes of the Lyon Metropolis, spread over 746 square kilometres (288 sq mi).[2] [3]

Transports en commun lyonnais
Overview
OwnerSYTRAL Mobilités
LocaleLyon Metropolis
Communauté de communes de l'Est lyonnais (Community of communes of east Lyon)
7 other communes in Rhône department
Transit typeMétro
Funicular
Tramway
Bus and trolleybus
Number of lines
  • 4 métro lines
  • 2 funicular lines
  • 7 tramway lines
  • 24 high-frequency bus and trolleybus lines
  • Over 100 other bus and trolleybus lines
Annual ridership496.213 millions (2019)[1]
HeadquartersBoulevard Marius-Vivier-Merle
Lyon (3rd arrondissement)
Websitetcl.fr
Operation
Began operation21 June 1879: Creation of the OTL (Compagnie des Omnibus et Tramways de Lyon)
1 January 1967: Creation of TCL, replacing the OTL
Operator(s)Keolis Lyon

TCL is managed by two companies: SYTRAL Mobilités sets policies and finances the infrastructure, while Keolis Lyon runs the network on a day-to-day basis.

Network edit

Lines edit

TCL manages:

  • 24 high-frequency bus lines, including electric trolleybuses
  • Over 100 other bus lines, including electric trolleybuses

Major stations edit

The TCL network is built around several big stations connecting metro and tram lines:

Some other major stations are connecting suburban bus lines to metro or tram lines, and sometimes railway stations:

Night service edit

Several bus lines run one bus per hour throughout the night, mostly to allow young people to get home. Since September 2021 there have been three such lines, labelled "Pleine Lune" ("full moon") (fr).[5] A fourth line, Pleine Lune 4, was discontinued in March 2020.

Fares edit

 
Ticket barriers at an entrance of Bellecour metro station

The TCL network has a fare system composed of paper tickets and a contactless smartcard named Técély.

Tickets or Técély card need to be validated at ticket barriers when entering a metro or funicular station, or at ticket validators located on board of trams, buses and trolleybuses. Validation of ticket or Técély card is mandatory at each connection, except for connections between metro or funicular lines.

Tickets edit

 
Some types of TCL tickets

There are multiple types of tickets, with different validity durations. There are also different tarifications regarding the age of the passenger.[6]

The most basic ticket is the "1-hour ticket", it can be validated unlimitedly during 1 hour starting from the first validation. It costs €1.90, and it can also be purchased in booklets of 10 tickets at €18 (€1.80 each ticket). This ticket is red.

A "1-hour ticket" at a reduced price is available for people under 26 years old and students under 28 years old, it is sold only by booklets of 10 tickets at €15.40 (€1.54 each ticket). This ticket is yellow.

Another version of the "1-hour ticket" is sold by bus and trolleybus drivers, this one costs €2.20. It is more expensive than an usual ticket in order to encourage people to buy tickets at vending machines or other sales points. This ticket is grey.

There are also long duration tickets valid during 2, 24, 48 or 72 hours starting from the first validation. These tickets are green.

Técély card edit

 
Técély card

Introduced on 1 July 2002,[7] the Técély card (Carte Técély) is the contactless smartcard of the TCL network. The card itself costs €5 and is usable during five years, it can be obtained in the five TCL agencies or by mail order.[8]

To be valid, the Técély card needs to be recharged with a weekly, monthly or annual pass.

Booklets of 10 "1-hour tickets" can also be recharged on the Técély card, at normal or reduced price, depending on the age or status of the card holder. Up to 40 tickets can be contained at a time on a Técély card.

Tickets recharged on the card will be debited at validation only if no weekly, monthly or annual pass is recharged on the card. If there is a pass and tickets recharged at the same time on the card, no ticket will be debited at validation.

Sales points edit

 
A ticket vending machine at Place Guichard–Bourse du Travail metro station

Buying tickets and recharging Técély cards is possible at different types of sales points:[9]

  • 5 TCL agencies (Agence TCL) are located at major stations (Bellecour, Grange Blanche, Gorge de Loup, Part-Dieu, La Soie). This is the only place to get a new Técély card.
    • Proposed services: Buy tickets, recharge the Técély card with "1-hour tickets", recharge the Técély card with a weekly/monthly/annual pass, recharge the Técély card with a monthly pass subscription, get a new Técély card.
  • 477 ticket vending machines are available across all metro, funicular and tram stations, and at some stations of trolleybus lines C1, C2 and C3.
    • Proposed services: Buy tickets, recharge the Técély card with "1-hour tickets", recharge the Técély card with weekly/monthly/annual pass.
  • 220 TCL service points (Point service TCL) are located in TCL's partners shops.
    • Proposed services: Buy tickets, recharge the Técély card with "1-hour tickets", recharge the Técély card with a monthly/annual pass.
  • More than 100 ATMs of CIC and Crédit Mutuel banks propose to recharge Técély cards, even with a payment card from another bank.
    • Proposed services: Recharge the Técély card with "1-hour tickets", recharge the Técély card with a monthly/annual pass.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Délibération N°20.048 : Rapport Annuel des Délégataires – Année 2019" [Deliberation N°20.048 : Annual report by delegated operators – Year 2019] (PDF). SYTRAL (in French). 17 December 2020. p. 11. Retrieved 5 July 2022.
  2. ^ "Le réseau TCL" [The TCL network]. TCL (in French). Retrieved 5 July 2022.
  3. ^ "Tout sur le réseau TCL : historique, gestion et fonctionnement du réseau - Par qui est géré le réseau TCL ?" [All about the TCL network: history, management and operation - By whom is the TCL network managed?]. TCL (in French). Archived from the original on 23 August 2006. Retrieved 16 August 2006.
  4. ^ "La construction de la ligne de tram Rhonexpress va bon train" [The construction of the Rhonexpress tram line is going well]. Le Progrès (in French). 26 July 2009. Archived from the original on 29 July 2009. Retrieved 16 August 2009.
  5. ^ "Pleine Lune : les lignes de nuit" [Pleine Lune: the night lines]. TCL (in French). Retrieved 5 July 2022.
  6. ^ "Titres et tarifs" [Tickets and fares]. TCL (in French). Retrieved 5 July 2022.
  7. ^ "Les transports en commun lyonnais basculent vers la billettique magnétique" [Lyon public transport switches to magnetic ticketing]. Les Echos (in French). 27 June 2002. Retrieved 6 July 2022.
  8. ^ "La carte TCL" [The TCL card]. TCL (in French). Retrieved 5 July 2022.
  9. ^ "Où acheter ?" [Where to buy?]. TCL (in French). Retrieved 5 July 2022.

External links edit